Country     Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Sweden Switzerland The Netherlands
Year     2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015
Definition Working group definition 1a       X   X       X X     X X        
National criteria 1b   X X   X   X 3)  X X     X X 13)      X X X 24)  X 22) 
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   35 201 484 254 255 331 3)  6.710 743 4.976 9)  149 104 926 669 738 126 310 1.111 692
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 19 154 106 181 65   1.207   2.656     279 262 258   110 325 494
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums   17 51 73 20     8)    1.184     144 171 233   24 212 158
  2d Other museums 16 30 327   170   5.503   1.136     503 236 247   148 574 40
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total   26 31 5 85 19 4)  432 124 439 41 19 75 484 74   38   69
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 31 170 349   88 218 4)  2.586 474 2.365 94 56 603   574   83    
other public-owned museums 3c Total   5 47     8 4)  437 38 398 9 22 64       44    
private-owned museums 3d Total 4   57 124 82 86 4)  2.994 107 1.774 5 7 184 185 90   132   623
  3e Of which
ppp
            261                 6    
Management state-managed museums 4a Total     31   77 19 4)    124 391 41 19         38    
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 31   349   88 218 4)    474 1.480 94 56         83    
other public-managed museums 4c Total     47   8 8 4)    38 610 9 22         44    
private-managed museums 4d Total 4   57   82 86 4)    107 2.395 5 7         132    
  4e Of which
ppp
                              6    
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                                     551
Public > 50% 5b     201                               134
Number of visits Total 6a   346.195 4.763.472 11.768.168 16.185.412 3.253.634 5.605.374 114.423.192 9.563.281 110.567.265 3.259.783 3.896.254 33.271.294 13.660.668 13.051.886 2.653.820 15.066.851 20)  12.081.844 25)  31.429.000 23) 
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
  1.246.561 3.347.369   700.762 2.935.844   3.813.724 46.186.121 1.304.343   14.771.292 5.122.275 4.106.357 1.604.563     5.113.000
  6c free admissions
%
  26,20 28,40   22,00 52,40   39,87 41,80 40,00   44,00 37,50   60,50     16,00
  6d foreigners
Total
  737.642 2.203.479   1.142.639     1.846.241 38.610.026 241.652 10)      5.247.009   332.055     8.591.000
  6e foreigners
%
  15,50 18,72   35,00     19,30 34,90 7,40 11)      38,40   13,00     27,00
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
                38.286.641       7.581.168          
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                34,60       55,50          
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
319 3.021 5.699   2.076     6.603 20.640 1.933 3.245 15.271 14)  3.891 6.589 2.117     9.606
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
15 1.866 2.868   1.551     1.632   934 12)  1.096 6.494 15)  2.279 3.505 1.241      
  7c FTES a year
Total
    5.699     2.645                   4.716   6.669
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
    2.868,00     1.133,00                        
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
    1.138   474 1.148   701 17.815     2.388 507   212     33.867
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
              60       943 16)  397   146      
  7g FTES a year
Total
          23                        
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                                   
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 12 159       4 5)  907     88             21)     
  8b 2,5 - 5,-   14       34 5)  1.353     25                
  8c > 5,-           84 5)  569     3           23    
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 23 28     48 16 1.546   4.557 27               61
  8e with museum card                 626       375         394
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a     2.068 4.254   1.750 1.089 9.025 1.775 7.452 1.129 1.835 5.316   3.061 2.020   1.595 26)  2.275
Of which 9b Own production   1.133 2.840   1.375 567           3.505   2.128        
  9c Joined productions   935 1.414   375 235             308 933        
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a     23.495.062 163.872.186   48.923.829 244.643.579   175.536.218   38.176.341 54.884.436       50.960.156 466.216.300   1.047.000.000
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
        48.550.873 244.643.579       32.109.902               573.000.000
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
        22.713.187 107.485.166   74.914.045   19.295.951         28.118.611     423.000.000
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
  545.440     372.956         6.066.439                
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
  109.131 1.830.266   372.956 5.545.623 6)    226.607   844.446               51.000.000
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a     25.616.330 167.621.524   58.054.189 244.643.579   206.377.968   39.225.323         51.049.844 460.106.200   1.053.000.000
Of which 11b Entry fees   3.599.937     7.023.930 14.497.999   12.032.871   3.577.088         7.173.043     221.000.000
  11c Public subsidies   18.925.703     30.530.563 188.840.075   127.020.375   31.697.754         41.581.276     554.000.000
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a     18.925.703 170.459.800   30.530.563 188.840.075   127.031.811   31.697.754   327.018.469 17)            546.000.000
Of which 12b Investments     39.783.785   28.689.450         315.353   92.345.430 17)             
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a     194     151 150 7)    597   139 12)      356          
Of which 13b for administrative purpose   188     151 150       134     223          
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system)   71 120   49     159   80                
  13d having a database for electronic inventory   140       144 7)    100   121     87          
  13e having an Internet access   188     142 150 7)    396   137     322          
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total         200 150 7)    309 2.778   98 795 320         692
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total   118 438           2.778       176         692
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                                   
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
          150 7)              98          
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                        55          
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                                    
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total   129 255   154     561 2.791 103 96 603 18)  338         541
  17b Of which
for school children
  126 224   158     539                   529
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
  21 19                             5
  17d for senior citizens   62 111                   310          
  17e for others   26 86   130     22         197         18
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18     2,80 4,60   19,40       8,18 7,50     6,50          
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   0,99 2,80       6,00 4)    8,00   7,50 3,56 2,41 3,70       13,30 4,10
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   9.841,00 66.362,00 111.621,00   247.498,42 102.152,00   97.034,00 181.867,00 164.130,00 133.376,00 86.644,00 131.884,00   128,57     185.964,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21     48.996,00     194.192,64 48.649,00   58.338,00   98.456,00   48.177,00 82.432,00   50,83     163.239,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22     23.699,00 24.314,00   12.759,35       2.222,00 21.878,00                
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23   9.891,00 23.699,00       18.082,00 4)    12.871,00   21.878,00 37.464,00 35.930,12 35.208,00       10.875,00 27)  45.418,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   9,11 42,10 54,10   157,92 48,20   66,60 34,00 97,30 111,00 39,77 40,60   103,00     57,00
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25     3,30 15,54   37,22 44,60   0,06   19,22         24,70     62,00
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26     263.663,00 1.616.814,00   2.322.408,12 3.441.397,00       1.595.983,00   851.610,60 19)            3.230.630,45
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   23 186 380   177 172 4)      2.693 118 94   383         487
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   9 115 236   97 193 4)  2.210 269 1.624 80 75 572 254     197 308 469
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a     16       33 4)    372         16         32
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b     39       83 4)    558         55         96
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   13 197 280   136 150 7)    341   121 94   388          
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31           2,71 6,82       1,83           10,00    
Number of museums with at least one publication   32     111 165   112 71 7)    269   72 63 478 265          
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     70 13                 86 93          
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34           45,20     34,80                    
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   3.518.290 7.202.198 10.542.942 5.659.715 1.314.608 5.487.308 81.197.537 9.855.571 60.795.612 1.986.096 2.921.262 38.437.239 10.358.076 19.870.647 2.064.188 9.747.355 8.327.126 16.900.726
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   68,74 66,20 133,70 132,40 30,20 18,10 228,60 106,00 202,00 31,00 44,70 123,00 112,10 86,10 102,40 24,10 207,10 502,00
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37     47,000   127,000 75,000   124,000 57,600       69,000   57,000 76,000 124,000 165,000 108,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) plus 695 freelancers
3) The statistics cover 150 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 331 museum sites
4) Answers by museum sites (331)
5) Admission fees for the main site of a museum
6) Included in the ordinary expenditures
7) Answers by administrative units (150)
8) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
9) Italy: Total museums and similar Institutions.
10) Latvia: 241,652 (in groups only)
11) Latvia: 7,4 % (in groups only)
12) Latvia: data source – The digital Cultural Map of Latvia www.kulturaskarte.lv
13) Definition: museums are non-profit organisational units whose aim is to gather and to permanently protect the natural and cultural heritage of both material and non-material character, as well as to provide information on the values and contents of collections, to popularise the fundamental values of history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity, and to provide access to their collections (The Act of 21 November 1996 on Museums). Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
14) 28820 (including people working on contracts and civil-law agreements)
15) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject. 13261 (including people working on contracts and civil-law agreements)
16) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject.
17) Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities. Exchange rate: 18.10.2016 r.
18) As there is no definition on education programme, number above refers to museums which conduct education lessons.
19) Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities. Exchange rate: 18.10.2016 r.
20) Change of definition. Now only visitors that go into the exhibitions.
21) Only some of the state-owned museums answer the questions about fees. The rest of the museums do not get the questions.
22) The Netherlands: ICOM-defintion: All registered museums are included. Unregistered museums that meet a number of criteria based on the ICOM definition are also included in the population. These criteria are: - the museum has a fixed location, is permanently open and is at least 28 weeks a year and three days a week, accessible; - the museum is a non- profit organisation; - the museum has its own collection and is researching this collection; - the museum has a website or is accessible through a larger on line platform. Also some museums are included in the populatiion that do not meet these criteria, but are seen as a (major) museum by the public. They are classified as an expection to the rule. These new criteria are applied since 2015. So this means a break in the series form previous years. The number of museums counted changed from 799 (in 2013 to 6925 (in 2015)
23) Zoos are included
24) Switzerland: Slightly definition change: Switzerland does not take into accounts a) Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on libraries and archives centres; b) Natural, archaeological and ethnographic monuments and sites and historical monuments and sites of a museum nature, owing to their acquisition, conservation and communication activities.
25) Switzerland: +/- 399082
26) Switzerland: +/-62
27) Switzerland: +/-361