Country     Germany Slovak Republic The Netherlands United Kingdom
Year     1999 1999 1999 1999
Definition Working group definition 1a          
National criteria 1b   X     X
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   5.629 78 902 3)  1.850 13) 
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 920 33 560  
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums   2)  11 322  
  2d Other museums 4.709 34 10  
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 484 34 35 4)   
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 2.419 35 99 5)   
other public-owned museums 3c Total 341 4 19 6)   
private-owned museums 3d Total 2.385 5 750  
  3e Of which
344   678  
Management state-managed museums 4a Total   34   7)   
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total   35 99  
other public-managed museums 4c Total   4 19  
private-managed museums 4d Total   5 750  
  4e Of which
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a     73 153  
Public > 50% 5b     5 750  
Number of visits Total 6a   96.190.374 3.163.717 20.679.000 74.600.000 14) 
Of which 6b free admissions
  896.380 3.441.000  
  6c free admissions
  28,00 32,00  
  6d foreigners
  6e foreigners
    19,00 24,00
  6f temporary exhibitions
  6g temporary exhibitions
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
  1.815 7.694 16.777 15) 
  7b Number
Of which
  7c FTES a year
  1.740 5.198 14.336 16) 
  7d FTES a year
Of which
Volunteers 7e Number
    16.205 28.085
  7f Number
Of which
  7g FTES a year
  7h FTES a year
Of which
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,-   77   156 17) 
  8b 2,5 - 5,-       191
  8c > 5,-       326
Number of museums 8d with free entrance       640
  8e with museum card   77    
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a     973 2.249 8)  785 18) 
Of which 9b Own production   577    
  9c Joined productions   396    
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a     7.707.619 354.000.000  
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a     3.786.166 358.000.000 491.000.000
Of which 11b Entry fees   1.217.690 54.000.000 9)   
  11c Public subsidies     221.000.000  
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a     7.450.095    
Of which 12b Investments   2.808.762    
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a     75    
Of which 13b for administrative purpose   75    
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system)        
  13d having a database for electronic inventory   70    
  13e having an Internet access   10   508 19) 
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total       10)   
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total       11)   
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)        
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total        
  17b Of which
for school children
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
  17d for senior citizens        
  17e for others        
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18     1,40 5,80  
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19       5,80  
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20     58.602,00 130.780,00  
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21     16.604,00 109.377,00  
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22     40.560,00 22.926,00  
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23       22.926,00 50.400,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24     34,00 33,00 12)   
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25     1,40 22,00  
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26     137.999,00    
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27       568 1.102 20) 
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28       444  
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a       38  
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b       130  
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30          
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31     0,50 2,23  
Number of museums with at least one publication   32     23    
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33          
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34       33,00 42,00
Source: Eurostat
  35   82.087.361 5.393.382 15.760.225 59.328.900
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   230,00 110,00 466,70 240,70
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   121,000 50,000 131,000 118,000

Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

nil or negligible
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
3) The Netherlands: of which 565 professionally-run museums.
4) The Netherlands: 25 museums are subsidited by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property. 45 museums are dependant on state subsidies for at least 50% of their income.
5) The Netherlands: Municipal and provincial museums. The collections as well as the buildings of these museums are state, municipal or provincial property.
6) The Nertherlands: including a number of provincial museums.
7) The Netherlands: Including all museums subsidized by the central government.
8) The Netherlands: 1.725 temporary exhibitions were organized in the museums themselves; 346 in another venue in The Netherlands; 64 abroard.
9) The Netherlands: including the income from museum card.
10) The Netherlands: This is the total number of museums with or without an own website offering information on the Internet museum portals included.
11) The Netherlands: All museums with own website are connected to a museum portal.
12) The Netherlands: For FTE's of paid staff.
13) The answers provided below have been taken from the Digest of Museum Statistics or DOMUS. DOMUS is both a questionnaire and a database which contains data on over 1.700 museums in the Registration Scheme that was run by the Museums & Galleries Commission (NGC). Questionnaires were sent annually to museums within the UK between 1994 and 1999. The museum population, to which the questionnaires were sent, consisted mostly of those museums applying or having applied to join the Registration Scheme. Questions asked ranged from contact details, plans and policies, collections held, opening periods and times, staff numbers, facilities to number of visits. Answers were entered onto the DOMUS database held at the Museums & Galleries Commission. In 2000 MGC was dissolved and Resource “The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries” was created. The database is currently held by Resource. For 2005, the total number of museums is 1.984.
14) Total number of visits to 1.182 responding museums.
15) This figure is the actual number of staff and includes permanent, temporary and freelance staff.
16) The figure for FTE staff is for permanent and temporary staff.
17) The question asked in DOMUS is the charge for entering the core collection. Therefore, figures given as the answers to column 8 are the number of museums asking for an admission fee to the core collection.
18) The figure given is the number for museums that indicated having a temporary exhibition program.
19) There was a considerable amount of data collected on IT in Museums. However, much of the data do not tie-up with the wording of the columns. For more details of the use of computer in museums, contact Resource.
20) This is the number of museums open for more months a year.