Country     Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland Germany Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Poland Portugal Serbia Slovak Republic Sweden Switzerland
Year     2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017
Definition Working group definition 1a     X         X X     X 13)    X    
National criteria 1b   X   X X 2)  X X     X X 11)  X 14)  X   24)  X X
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   191 480 209 323 3)  6.771 737 472 151 104 949 680 144 28)  159 395 1.111
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 140 106     1.231         294 269 63 29)  63 107 317
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 16 53       8)          135 170 12 30)  45 30 221
  2d Other museums 35 321     5.540         520 241 69 31)  51 258 573
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 25 30 5 16 4)  441 107 472 39 19 78 517 13 57 29  
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 162 347 17 213 4)  2.596 483   95 54 612   118 84 91  
other public-owned museums 3c Total 4 48   9 4)  442 32   11 22 63   8   33  
private-owned museums 3d Total   55 187 85 4)  3.033 115   6 9 196 163 4 19 49  
  3e Of which
ppp
        259             1 13 5  
Management state-managed museums 4a Total   30   16 4)    107 472 39 19     13 57 45  
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total   347   213 4)    483   95 54     118 84 125  
other public-managed museums 4c Total   48   9 4)    32   11 22     8      
private-managed museums 4d Total   55   85 4)    115   6 9     4 19 225  
  4e Of which
ppp
                      1 13    
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                         5 19    
Public > 50% 5b   191                     139 141    
Number of visits Total 6a   5.109.135 13.485.899 16.185.412 7.079.919 114.375.732 10.781.646 50.263.520 3.714.975 4.152.393 37.503.088 17.174.986 15)  2.137.212 6.027.852 27.289.153 13.498.399 25) 
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
1.221.005 4.004.572   3.545.341   3.964.013 26.194.888 1.383.107   14.247.066 5.221.508 15)  952.897 1.660.738    
  6c free admissions
%
23,90 29,70   50,10   36,76 52,10 37,20   38,00 30,40 44,60 27,55    
  6d foreigners
Total
1.112.496 2.927.642       2.224.745   315.412 9)      7.731.700 15)         
  6e foreigners
%
21,80 21,71       20,63   8,50 10)      45,00        
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
                    10.271.027        
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                    59,80        
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
3.224 6.015       6.839   2.034 3.321 18.669 4.197 16)    2.623    
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.874 2.985       4.221   945 1.252 7.573 2.508 16)    1.334    
  7c FTES a year
Total
  6.015   2.551                 2.623 5.796  
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
  2.985,00   1.217,00                      
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
  933   2.207   723       3.221 479   237    
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
          246         356        
  7g FTES a year
Total
      30                      
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                             
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 147     2 5)  871     81              
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 22     32 6)  1.363     24       17)         
  8c > 5,-       90 6)  689     10              
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 22     27 6)  1.601   209 34     419     176  
  8e with museum card                              
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   2.189 4.095   1.078 8.765 1.829   1.146 2.018 5.707 333 18)  906 1.526   1.559 26) 
Of which 9b Own production 1.156 2.781   562           3.356   553 1.138    
  9c Joined productions 1.033 1.314   233           1.014   353      
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   29.773.977     247.240.279   226.944.228   39.345.648         74.674.030 567.000.000  
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
      247.240.279       34.729.133         68.586.099    
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
      105.505.850   84.719.792   20.176.355         35.370.720    
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
851.470             4.616.325         6.087.931    
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
121.302 4.071.492   4.637.614   843.625   808.378         838.911    
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   31.686.550 207.011.504   247.240.279   298.810.326 193.915.670 42.388.476 63.189.173       64.821.568 553.800.000  
Of which 11b Entry fees 4.462.982     21.686.512   13.658.262   4.967.834         9.198.706 66.456.000  
  11c Public subsidies 24.247.763     183.152.981   215.076.205   31.438.848         50.901.282    
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a   24.247.763 204.710.920   183.152.981   215.186.972   31.438.848   359.415.107     50.901.282    
Of which 12b Investments   45.294.233           785.612   91.057.756          
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   190     154 7)        146       19)    35    
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 187     154 7)        142       19)         
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 79 125       209   87              
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 140         99   129              
  13e having an Internet access 187     154 7)    413   146         23    
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total       154 7)    298 472     812     122    
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 126 440             100            
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                             
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
      154 7)                       
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                             
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                              
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total 144 246       593   126 98 604     137    
  17b Of which
for school children
143 216       538         374 21)    126    
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
29 18                          
  17d for senior citizens 78 110                 345 20)         
  17e for others 27 78       75         214 21)         
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   2,70 4,50         0,78 7,70     6,60   2,92    
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   2,70     5,90 4)    7,50   7,70 3,70 2,50 4,20 2,05 2,31   13,10
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   72.204,00 127.351,00   128.419,00   110.050,00 82.958,00 190.499,00 145,81 97.607,49 166.743,00 22)  30.441,00 110.650,26    
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   54.949,00     64.112,00   40.461,00   119.575,00   61,24 116.050,00 22)  16.869,00 80.164,92    
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   26.749,00 28.096,00         106.491,00 24.602,00         37.911,00    
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23   26.749,00     22.912,00 4)    14.629,00   24.602,00 39,93 39.519,00 39.942,00 22)  14.842,00 47.840,00   12.150,00 27) 
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   45,60 56,80   46,30   69,80   104,00 117,00 48,62 44,60 22)    48,15    
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   4,20 19,53   44,80   0,04   20,18         12,59    
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26   342.679,00 1.933.145,00   3.322.123,00       1.612.153,00   935.976,84     934.369,31    
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   186 377   177 4)      451 125     422 144      
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   112 251   198 4)  2.205 274 310 87 81 585 276   113   310
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   15     24 4)    369         16 72 15    
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   39     71 4)    553         57 108 37    
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   189 343   154 7)    461   127 95     23)    136    
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31         7,52       2,13         2,11 6,00  
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   113 157   60 7)    245   79 72 461   63 82    
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33   65 10                          
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34             39,20                  
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   7.101.859 10.589.526 5.748.769 5.513.130 82.521.653 9.797.561 60.589.445 1.950.116 2.847.904 38.433.558 10.300.300 7.040.272 5.447.662 9.995.153 8.484.130
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   63,90 134,30   18,00   105,00 201,00 31,00 43,60 123,00 12)  111,60        
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   49,000   125,000   124,000 62,000 0,989     70,000   37,000 77,000 122,000 156,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 323 museum sites.
3) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 323 museum sites
4) Finland: Answers by museum sites (323)
5) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum / Answers by administrative units (154)
6) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum / Answers by administrative units (154)
7) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154)
8) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
9) Latvia: 315.412 (in groups only)
10) Latvia: 8,5 % (in groups only)
11) Poland: A museum is a non-profit organisational unit the aim of which is to collect and preserve natural and cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, to inform about the values and contents of its collections, to promote fundamental values of the Polish and world history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity and provide access to the collected holdings. (The Act on Museums of 21 November 1996) The term “museum” is not a protected designation in Poland. Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
12) Source: GUS
13) Portugal: 680 museums
14) Portugal: 430 museums
15) Portugal: The Number of Visits are from the museums on national criteria.
16) Portugal: The Paid Staff are from the museums on national criteria.
17) Portugal: Some Museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and payed entrances.
18) Portugal: It reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
19) Portugal: It reports to the museums on national criteria.
20) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme
21) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme.
22) Portugal: Only considered the Visits On national criteria Museums.
23) On national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff.
24) According to National criteria: 126
25) Switzerland: +/- 502395
26) Switzerland: 1559 (+/-64
27) Switzerland: +/-455
28) Serbia: There are still 152 museums in total as in 2016. Compared to data from 2016, there are additional three museums opened to public and included in this analysis.
29) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Speciial (art) 2. Special (socio-historical)
30) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (economic - technical) 2. Special (natural history)
31) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: Complex museum