Country     Austria Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Poland Portugal Serbia Slovak Republic Slovenia Sweden Switzerland
Year     2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017 2017
Definition Working group definition 1a   X   X   X         X X     X 34)    X      
National criteria 1b     X   X   X 14)    X X     X X 32)  X 35)  X   45)  X X X
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   549 2)  191 480 209 242 323 15)  1.224 20)  6.771 737 472 151 104 949 680 144 49)  159 92 395 1.111
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 187 140 106   59   805 1.231         294 269 63 50)  63   107 317
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 64 16 53   21   341   29)          135 170 12 51)  45   30 221
  2d Other museums 298 35 321   162   78 5.540         520 241 69 52)  51   258 573
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 38 25 30 5 73 16 16)  70 441 107 472 39 19 78 517 13 57   29  
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 219 162 347 17 88 213 16)  994 2.596 483   95 54 612   118 84   91  
other public-owned museums 3c Total   4 48     9 16)  26 442 32   11 22 63   8     33  
private-owned museums 3d Total 292   55 187 81 85 16)  134 21)  3.033 115   6 9 196 163 4 19   49  
  3e Of which
ppp
              259             1 13   5  
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 3   30   66 16 16)  59   107 472 39 19     13 57   45  
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 139   347   88 213 16)  983   483   95 54     118 84   125  
other public-managed museums 4c Total 60   48   7 9 16)  55   32   11 22     8        
private-managed museums 4d Total 347   55   81 85 16)  23 21)    115   6 9     4 19   225  
  4e Of which
ppp
                            1 13      
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                               5 19      
Public > 50% 5b     191                         139 141      
Number of visits Total 6a   19.003.353 5.109.135 13.485.899 16.185.412 3.426.517 7.079.919 63.199.181 22)  114.375.732 10.781.646 50.263.520 3.714.975 4.152.393 37.503.088 17.174.986 36)  2.137.212 6.027.852 3.161.866 27.289.153 13.498.399 46) 
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
3.051.449 1.221.005 4.004.572   612.746 3.545.341 25.061.274 22)    3.964.013 26.194.888 1.383.107   14.247.066 5.221.508 36)  952.897 1.660.738      
  6c free admissions
%
18,58 3)  23,90 29,70   18,00 50,10 40,00   36,76 52,10 37,20   38,00 30,40 44,60 27,55      
  6d foreigners
Total
  1.112.496 2.927.642   1.198.847       2.224.745   315.412 30)      7.731.700 36)      854    
  6e foreigners
%
  21,80 21,71   35,00       20,63   8,50 31)      45,00     27,00    
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
                          10.271.027          
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                          59,80          
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
6.351 4)  3.224 6.015   2.124       6.839   2.034 3.321 18.669 4.197 37)    2.623 3    
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.950 5)  1.874 2.985   1.538       4.221   945 1.252 7.573 2.508 37)    1.334      
  7c FTES a year
Total
    6.015     2.551                   2.623   5.796  
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
    2.985,00     1.217,00                          
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
4.089   933   502 2.207     723       3.221 479   237 262    
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
640               246         356          
  7g FTES a year
Total
          30                          
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                                     
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 21 147       2 17)    23)  871     81                
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 154 22       32 18)    24)  1.363     24       38)           
  8c > 5,- 274         90 18)    25)  689     10                
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 100 6)  22       27 18)    26)  1.601   209 34     419       176  
  8e with museum card                                      
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   791 2.189 4.095   1.423 1.078   8.765 1.829   1.146 2.018 5.707 333 39)  906 1.526 1   1.559 47) 
Of which 9b Own production   1.156 2.781   1.152 562             3.356   553 1.138      
  9c Joined productions   1.033 1.314   271 233             1.014   353        
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   363.167.492 29.773.977     60.779.275 247.240.279     226.944.228   39.345.648         74.674.030 50 567.000.000  
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
        57.382.047 247.240.279         34.729.133         68.586.099      
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
        25.540.798 105.505.850     84.719.792   20.176.355         35.370.720 25    
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
  851.470     3.397.228           4.616.325         6.087.931      
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
  121.302 4.071.492   3.397.228 4.637.614     843.625   808.378         838.911      
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   363.368.252 7)  31.686.550 207.011.504   64.711.416 247.240.279     298.810.326 193.915.670 42.388.476 63.189.173       64.821.568 50 553.800.000  
Of which 11b Entry fees 89.992.426 8)  4.462.982     9.364.679 21.686.512     13.658.262   4.967.834         9.198.706 8 66.456.000  
  11c Public subsidies 176.690.792 9)  24.247.763     33.035.419 183.152.981     215.076.205   31.438.848         50.901.282 40    
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a     24.247.763 204.710.920   33.035.419 183.152.981     215.186.972   31.438.848   359.415.107     50.901.282      
Of which 12b Investments     45.294.233   10.654.463           785.612   91.057.756            
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   399 190     180 154 19)          146       40)    35      
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 116 187     180 154 19)          142       40)      92    
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 246 79 125   50       209   87                
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 214 140             99   129           92    
  13e having an Internet access 173 187     172 154 19)      413   146         23 92    
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total 430       213 154 19)      298 472     812     122 92    
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 361 126 440         27)          100         92    
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                                     
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
          154 19)                           
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                                     
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                                      
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total 486 144 246   164       593   126 98 604     137      
  17b Of which
for school children
  143 216   161     28)    538         374 42)    126      
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
  29 18                                
  17d for senior citizens   78 110                     345 41)           
  17e for others   27 78   119       75         214 42)           
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   8,47 2,70 4,50   18,37         0,78 7,70     6,60   2,92      
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19     2,70       5,90 16)      7,50   7,70 3,70 2,50 4,20 2,05 2,31 4,50   13,10
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   216.068,17 72.204,00 127.351,00   260.100,09 128.419,00     110.050,00 82.958,00 190.499,00 145,81 97.607,49 166.743,00 43)  30.441,00 110.650,26 152,98    
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   181.373,18 10)  54.949,00     213.587,76 64.112,00     40.461,00   119.575,00   61,24 116.050,00 43)  16.869,00 80.164,92      
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   35.787,86 11)  26.749,00 28.096,00   14.195,16         106.491,00 24.602,00         37.911,00      
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23     26.749,00       22.912,00 16)  62.450,00   14.629,00   24.602,00 39,93 39.519,00 39.942,00 43)  14.842,00 47.840,00 34,37   12.150,00 48) 
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   127,12 45,60 56,80   163,23 46,30     69,80   104,00 117,00 48,62 44,60 43)    48,15 148,00    
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   41,29 4,20 19,53   46,13 44,80     0,04   20,18         12,59 24,30    
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26     342.679,00 1.933.145,00   2.507.652,97 3.322.123,00         1.612.153,00   935.976,84     934.369,31      
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   244 186 377   165 177 16)        451 125     422 144        
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   224 112 251   96 198 16)  714 2.205 274 310 87 81 585 276   113     310
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   9 15       24 16)      369         16 72 15      
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   36 39       71 16)      553         57 108 37      
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   169 12)  189 343   152 154 19)      461   127 95     44)    136      
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   8,10 13)        2,98 7,52         2,13         2,11   6,00  
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   413 113 157   107 60 19)      245   79 72 461   63 82      
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     65 10                                
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34           38,00       39,20                    
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   8.772.865 7.101.859 10.589.526 5.748.769 1.317.384 5.513.130   82.521.653 9.797.561 60.589.445 1.950.116 2.847.904 38.433.558 10.300.300 7.040.272 5.447.662 2.066.880 9.995.153 8.484.130
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   106,80 63,90 134,30   29,10 18,00     105,00 201,00 31,00 43,60 123,00 33)  111,60     102,60    
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   127,000 49,000   125,000       124,000 62,000 0,989     70,000   37,000 77,000 77,000 122,000 156,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2017 is 745. However, 193 units did not participate in the survey.
3) Austria: Not taking into account unknown admission status in the denominator.
4) Austria: plus 740 freelancers.
5) Austria: plus 357 freelancers.
6) Austria: Incuding museums which ask for a voluntary contribution.
7) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 243 out of 273.
8) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 223 out of 273.
9) Austria: units (which may comprise more than one museum): 190 out of 273.
10) Austria: Inclusive visits with unknown admission status.
11) Austria: Not taking into account museums with unknown number of visits in the denominator.
12) Austria: Out of 427 units which reported on specialised staff.
13) Austria: The ratio is based only on units, for which both 'income from entries' and 'payment status of visitors' is known.
14) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 323 museum sites.
15) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 323 museum sites
16) Finland: Answers by museum sites (323)
17) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum / Answers by administrative units (154)
18) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum / Answers by administrative units (154)
19) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154)
20) France: Musées ayant l'appellation "Musée de France".
21) France: Associations et Fondations.
22) France: sur 1,012 ouverts à la visite.
23) France: 25 sur 691 réponses.
24) France: 338 sur 691 réponses.
25) france: 211 sur 691 réponses.
26) France: environ 117.
27) France: 504 sur 870 répondants.
28) France: 661 sur 854 réponses.
29) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
30) Latvia: 315.412 (in groups only)
31) Latvia: 8,5 % (in groups only)
32) Poland: A museum is a non-profit organisational unit the aim of which is to collect and preserve natural and cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, to inform about the values and contents of its collections, to promote fundamental values of the Polish and world history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity and provide access to the collected holdings. (The Act on Museums of 21 November 1996) The term “museum” is not a protected designation in Poland. Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
33) Source: GUS
34) Portugal: 680 museums
35) Portugal: 430 museums
36) Portugal: The Number of Visits are from the museums on national criteria.
37) Portugal: The Paid Staff are from the museums on national criteria.
38) Portugal: Some Museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and payed entrances.
39) Portugal: It reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
40) Portugal: It reports to the museums on national criteria.
41) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme
42) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme.
43) Portugal: Only considered the Visits On national criteria Museums.
44) On national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff.
45) According to National criteria: 126
46) Switzerland: +/- 502395
47) Switzerland: 1559 (+/-64
48) Switzerland: +/-455
49) Serbia: There are still 152 museums in total as in 2016. Compared to data from 2016, there are additional three museums opened to public and included in this analysis.
50) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Speciial (art) 2. Special (socio-historical)
51) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (economic - technical) 2. Special (natural history)
52) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: Complex museum