Country Year Definition
    Working group definition National criteria
    1a 1b
       
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013   X
Bulgaria 2013   X
Czech Republic 2013 X  
Denmark 2013   X
Estonia 2013 X  
Finland 2013   X 2) 
Germany 2013   X
Hungary 2013   X
Italy 2013 X 11)   
Latvia 2013 X  
Norway 2013 X  
Portugal 2013 X  
Romania 2013 X  
Slovenia 2013   X
Switzerland 2013   X 28) 
The Netherlands 2013   X 27) 
 
Country Year Number of museums according to type of collection
    total of which
    2a 2b 2c 2d
      Art, archaeology and history museums Science and technology museums, ethnology museums Other museums
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 35      
Bulgaria 2013 187 133 17 37
Czech Republic 2013 486 104 49 333
Denmark 2013 258 176 67  
Estonia 2013 256 63 24 169
Finland 2013 322 2)       
Germany 2013 6.358 1.142   10)  5.216
Hungary 2013 752      
Italy 2013 459 459    
Latvia 2013 144      
Norway 2013 127 21)       
Portugal 2013 675 263 185 227
Romania 2013 750 257 241 252
Slovenia 2013        
Switzerland 2013 1.107 303 607 197
The Netherlands 2013 799 529 242 28
 
Country Year Ownership
    state-owned museums local-, regional-owned museums other public-owned museums private-owned museums
    3a 3b 3c 3d 3e
    Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013          
Bulgaria 2013 25 158 4    
Czech Republic 2013 30 347 47 62  
Denmark 2013 6     127  
Estonia 2013 84 87   85  
Finland 2013 19 208 9 86  
Germany 2013 462 2.479 427 2.737 253
Hungary 2013          
Italy 2013 459        
Latvia 2013 40 89 8 7  
Norway 2013 13 15 99    
Portugal 2013 489     186  
Romania 2013       82  
Slovenia 2013          
Switzerland 2013          
The Netherlands 2013 65     734  
 
Country Year Management
    state-managed museums local-, regional-managed museums other public-managed museums private-managed museums
    4a 4b 4c 4d 4e
    Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013          
Bulgaria 2013          
Czech Republic 2013 30 347 47 62  
Denmark 2013          
Estonia 2013 79 87 5 85  
Finland 2013 19 208 9 86  
Germany 2013          
Hungary 2013 131 471 31 119  
Italy 2013 450 7   2 2
Latvia 2013 40 89 8 7  
Norway 2013 13 15 99    
Portugal 2013          
Romania 2013          
Slovenia 2013          
Switzerland 2013          
The Netherlands 2013          
 
Country Year Ownership of permanent collection
    Public ≤ 50% Public > 50%
    5a 5b
       
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013    
Bulgaria 2013   187
Czech Republic 2013    
Denmark 2013    
Estonia 2013    
Finland 2013    
Germany 2013    
Hungary 2013    
Italy 2013    
Latvia 2013    
Norway 2013    
Portugal 2013    
Romania 2013    
Slovenia 2013    
Switzerland 2013    
The Netherlands 2013    
 
Country Year Number of visits
    Total Of which
    6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6g
      free admissions
Total
free admissions
%
foreigners
Total
foreigners
%
temporary exhibitions
Total
temporary exhibitions
%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 283.429            
Bulgaria 2013 4.643.600 879.468 18,90 782.292 16,80    
Czech Republic 2013 10.489.589 2.816.102 26,80 1.765.106 16,83    
Denmark 2013 13.351.843            
Estonia 2013 3.324.045 1.126.587 20,00 1.260.000 34,00    
Finland 2013 5.439.333 2.874.902 52,90 503.049 9,20    
Germany 2013 110.425.002            
Hungary 2013 9.133.600 3.809.182 42,00 1.675.625 18,00    
Italy 2013 38.190.401 17.503.913 53,94        
Latvia 2013 2.635.990 986.157 37,40 223.404 18)  8,50 19)     
Norway 2013 10.944.898 5.579.320 51,00        
Portugal 2013 11.062.584 3.969.793 35,90 3.863.635 34,90 5.685.375 51,40
Romania 2013 10.927.765 4.015.800          
Slovenia 2013 3.558.551 2.410.017 67,70 731.519 21,00    
Switzerland 2013 18.300.000 2.556.000 30)  14,00        
The Netherlands 2013 26.484.000 5.151.000 19,45 6.994.000 26,41    
 
Country Year Staff
    Paid staff Volunteers
    7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 7g 7h
    Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 270 13            
Bulgaria 2013 2.860 1.747            
Czech Republic 2013 5.593 2.752 5.593 2.752,00 1.376      
Denmark 2013                
Estonia 2013 2.077 1.362     486      
Finland 2013     2.709 1.221,00 1.388   18  
Germany 2013                
Hungary 2013 5.340 3.008     606      
Italy 2013                
Latvia 2013 1.810 871            
Norway 2013 3.405 22)    3.863 2.036,00 23)      202  
Portugal 2013 3.721 2.233     316 246    
Romania 2013 6.350 3.522            
Slovenia 2013 2.067 1.236     285 182    
Switzerland 2013 8.175 29)        5.206 29)       
The Netherlands 2013 8.332   5.490   31.019   4.884  
 
Country Year Admissions
    Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) Number of museums
    8a 8b 8c 8d 8e
    < 2,5,- 2,5 - 5,- > 5,- with free entrance with museum card
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013          
Bulgaria 2013 158 11 1 17  
Czech Republic 2013          
Denmark 2013          
Estonia 2013       57 20
Finland 2013 10 3)  50 77 12  
Germany 2013 1.143 1.315 444 1.597  
Hungary 2013          
Italy 2013 54 12)  108 13)  64 14)  206 77 15) 
Latvia 2013 99 17 2 24  
Norway 2013   2 108 17  
Portugal 2013       347  
Romania 2013          
Slovenia 2013          
Switzerland 2013       528 30)   
The Netherlands 2013         400
 
Country Year Temporary exhibitions
    Total Of which
    9a 9b 9c
      Own production Joined productions
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013      
Bulgaria 2013 2.620 1.645 975
Czech Republic 2013 4.103 2.783 1.320
Denmark 2013      
Estonia 2013 1.651 1.254 400
Finland 2013 1.132 511 258
Germany 2013 8.942    
Hungary 2013      
Italy 2013      
Latvia 2013 1.107    
Norway 2013 1.066    
Portugal 2013 277    
Romania 2013 3.136 2.145 991
Slovenia 2013 1.602    
Switzerland 2013      
The Netherlands 2013 2.267    
 
Country Year Expenditure (of museums)
    Total (In EUR) Of which
    10a 10b 10c 10d 10e
      Ordinary expenditures
Total
Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
Extraordinary expenditures
Total
Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013          
Bulgaria 2013 20.365.451     440.192 87.150
Czech Republic 2013 146.363.675       1.814.284
Denmark 2013          
Estonia 2013 39.365.840 39.054.631 17.616.558 311.208 311.208
Finland 2013 219.080.982 219.080.982 104.606.082   2.763.547 4) 
Germany 2013          
Hungary 2013 1.368.062 609.644 587.134 171.284 11.429
Italy 2013          
Latvia 2013 30.508.966 26.135.381 14.577.931 4.373.585 360.890
Norway 2013   524.977.653 281.237.466    
Portugal 2013          
Romania 2013          
Slovenia 2013 50.209.231   28.883.137    
Switzerland 2013          
The Netherlands 2013 882.000.000 481.000.000 361.000.000   40.000.000
 
Country Year Income (of museums)
    Total (in EUR) Of which
    11a 11b 11c
      Entry fees Public subsidies
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013      
Bulgaria 2013 21.949.371 3.698.313 15.889.336
Czech Republic 2013 145.332.413    
Denmark 2013      
Estonia 2013 52.053.919 6.845.061 24.845.841
Finland 2013 219.080.982 13.238.507 168.024.834
Germany 2013      
Hungary 2013 1.634.376 108.329 818.444
Italy 2013 125.826.333 125.826.333  
Latvia 2013 27.680.709 2.881.300 21.724.165
Norway 2013 534.756.233 34.382.035  
Portugal 2013      
Romania 2013      
Slovenia 2013 49.867.769 5.830.846 41.955.629
Switzerland 2013      
The Netherlands 2013 878.000.000 161.000.000 498.000.000
 
Country Year Public expenditure (for museums)
    Total (in EUR) Of which
    12a 12b
      Investments
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013    
Bulgaria 2013 15.889.446  
Czech Republic 2013 132.461.097 21.212.840
Denmark 2013    
Estonia 2013 24.845.841 17.128.341
Finland 2013 168.024.834  
Germany 2013    
Hungary 2013    
Italy 2013    
Latvia 2013 21.724.165 531.682
Norway 2013 387.987.244  
Portugal 2013    
Romania 2013    
Slovenia 2013    
Switzerland 2013    
The Netherlands 2013 488.000.000  
 
Country Year Number of museums making use of computers
    Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer Of which
    13a 13b 13c 13d 13e
      for administrative purpose for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) having a database for electronic inventory having an Internet access
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013          
Bulgaria 2013 181 177 59 136 175
Czech Republic 2013     124    
Denmark 2013          
Estonia 2013 146 146 115 139 142
Finland 2013 154 6)  154 5)    150 154
Germany 2013          
Hungary 2013 374     110 374
Italy 2013          
Latvia 2013 128 20)  124 67 119 128
Norway 2013 127 127     127
Portugal 2013           25) 
Romania 2013          
Slovenia 2013          
Switzerland 2013          
The Netherlands 2013          
 
Country Year Information - Diffusion - Education
    Number of museums possessing a web-site Number of museums possessing an own web-site Number of museums Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme
    14 15a 15b 16a 16b 16c 17a 17b 17c 17d 17e
    Total Total Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
connected to a museum portal
Total
connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
connected to (an)other portal(s) Total Of which
for school children
Of which
for ethnic minorities
for senior citizens for others
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013                      
Bulgaria 2013   111         130 130 26 67 28
Czech Republic 2013   436         238 196 16 99 67
Denmark 2013                      
Estonia 2013 180           147 162     125
Finland 2013 154 6)      154     119 6)         
Germany 2013                      
Hungary 2013 319           598 529      
Italy 2013                      
Latvia 2013             109        
Norway 2013                      
Portugal 2013               312   275 169
Romania 2013                      
Slovenia 2013                      
Switzerland 2013                      
The Netherlands 2013                      
 
Country Year
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
     
    18
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 2,60
Czech Republic 2013 4,60
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 19,42
Finland 2013  
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 0,08
Italy 2013 0,76
Latvia 2013 7,10
Norway 2013 2,50
Portugal 2013 6,50
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013  
 
Country Year
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
     
    19
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 0,76
Bulgaria 2013 2,60
Czech Republic 2013  
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013  
Finland 2013 5,90 7) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 0,08
Italy 2013 0,76
Latvia 2013 7,10
Norway 2013 2,50
Portugal 2013 3,40
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013 4,80
 
Country Year
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
     
    20
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 8.027,00
Bulgaria 2013 63.916,00
Czech Republic 2013 99.799,00
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 252.204,29
Finland 2013 100.728,00 7) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 0,08
Italy 2013 62.831,00
Latvia 2013 130.248,00
Norway 2013 214,22
Portugal 2013 105.788,00
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013 172.654,00
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013 157.835,00
 
Country Year
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
     
    21
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 51.811,00
Czech Republic 2013  
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 201.592,57
Finland 2013 47.489,00 7) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 925,40
Italy 2013 28.942,00
Latvia 2013 81.521,00
Norway 2013 105.021,00
Portugal 2013 67.826,00
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013 127.137,00
 
Country Year
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
     
    22
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 24.832,00
Czech Republic 2013 21.584,00
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 12.984,55
Finland 2013  
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 12.145,00
Italy 2013 88.609,00 16) 
Latvia 2013 18.305,00
Norway 2013 86.180,00
Portugal 2013  
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013  
 
Country Year
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
     
    23
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 10.497,00
Bulgaria 2013 24.832,00
Czech Republic 2013  
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 10.689,00
Finland 2013 16.892,00 7) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 12.145,00
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013 18.305,00
Norway 2013 86.180,00
Portugal 2013 31.339,00
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013 16.530,00
The Netherlands 2013 33,15
 
Country Year
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants
     
    24
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 7,71
Bulgaria 2013 39,40
Czech Republic 2013 53,20
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 157,59
Finland 2013 50,10
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 0,06
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013 89,00
Norway 2013 75,60 24) 
Portugal 2013 38,40
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013 114,10
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013 50,00
 
Country Year
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)
     
    25
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 2,80
Czech Republic 2013 13,93
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 29,87
Finland 2013 40,20
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013  
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013 15,07
Norway 2013 102,80
Portugal 2013  
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013 24,40
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013 53,00
 
Country Year
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)
     
    26
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 218.707,00
Czech Republic 2013 1.260.248,00
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 1.885.121,23
Finland 2013 3.111.571,00
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013  
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013 1.073.421,10
Norway 2013 7.594.108,00
Portugal 2013  
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013 2.908.298,00
 
Country Year
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year
     
    27
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 173
Czech Republic 2013 377
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 164
Finland 2013 175 7) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013  
Italy 2013 418
Latvia 2013 115
Norway 2013 102
Portugal 2013 345
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013 295
The Netherlands 2013 550
 
Country Year
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
     
    28
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 111
Czech Republic 2013 234
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 91
Finland 2013 197
Germany 2013 2.155
Hungary 2013 246
Italy 2013 279 17) 
Latvia 2013 68
Norway 2013 113
Portugal 2013 220
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013 369
The Netherlands 2013 443
 
Country Year Number of museums necessary to reach
    50 % of total visits (including free entries) 75 % of total visits (including free entries)
    29a 29b
       
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013    
Bulgaria 2013 14 37
Czech Republic 2013    
Denmark 2013    
Estonia 2013    
Finland 2013 35 86
Germany 2013    
Hungary 2013    
Italy 2013 7 17)  29 17) 
Latvia 2013    
Norway 2013 17 36
Portugal 2013 17 50
Romania 2013    
Slovenia 2013    
Switzerland 2013    
The Netherlands 2013 28 97
 
Country Year
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff
     
    30
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 186
Czech Republic 2013 274
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 155
Finland 2013 154 8) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013  
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013 122
Norway 2013 115
Portugal 2013 353
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013  
 
Country Year
Average price paid
(in EUR)
     
    31
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013  
Czech Republic 2013  
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 2,33
Finland 2013 6,23
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013  
Italy 2013 7,15
Latvia 2013 1,75
Norway 2013 6,41
Portugal 2013  
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013  
 
Country Year
Number of museums with at least one publication
     
    32
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 121
Czech Republic 2013 158
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 105
Finland 2013 83 8) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013 148
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013 68
Norway 2013 87
Portugal 2013   26) 
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013  
 
Country Year
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier
     
    33
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 69
Czech Republic 2013 14
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013  
Finland 2013 2 8) 
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013  
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013  
Norway 2013  
Portugal 2013   26) 
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013  
 
Country Year
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
     
    34
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013  
Czech Republic 2013  
Denmark 2013  
Estonia 2013 66,40
Finland 2013  
Germany 2013  
Hungary 2013  
Italy 2013  
Latvia 2013  
Norway 2013  
Portugal 2013  
Romania 2013  
Slovenia 2013  
Switzerland 2013  
The Netherlands 2013  
 
Country Year
Population
Source: Eurostat
     
    35
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 3.530.766
Bulgaria 2013 7.284.552
Czech Republic 2013 10.510.719
Denmark 2013 5.602.628
Estonia 2013 1.317.997
Finland 2013 5.451.270 9) 
Germany 2013 80.523.746
Hungary 2013 9.897.000
Italy 2013 59.685.227
Latvia 2013 2.023.825
Norway 2013 5.051.275
Portugal 2013 10.427.301
Romania 2013 20
Slovenia 2013 2.061.085
Switzerland 2013 8.139.600
The Netherlands 2013 16.779.575
 
Country Year
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
     
    36
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013 68,90
Bulgaria 2013 66,70
Czech Republic 2013 133,30
Denmark 2013 130,80
Estonia 2013 30,40
Finland 2013 17,90 9) 
Germany 2013 230,00
Hungary 2013 108,50
Italy 2013 197,00
Latvia 2013 31,00
Norway 2013  
Portugal 2013 113,10
Romania 2013 86,90
Slovenia 2013 101,60
Switzerland 2013 203,50
The Netherlands 2013 498,00
 
Country Year
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
     
    37
     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013  
Bulgaria 2013 46,000
Czech Republic 2013 80,000
Denmark 2013 128,000
Estonia 2013 75,000
Finland 2013 112,000
Germany 2013 122,000
Hungary 2013 67,000
Italy 2013 98,000
Latvia 2013  
Norway 2013 191,000
Portugal 2013 77,000
Romania 2013 55,000
Slovenia 2013 83,000
Switzerland 2013 158,000
The Netherlands 2013 108,000
 
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 322 museum sites
3) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum
4) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditures
5) Answers by administrative units (150)
6) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
7) Finland: Answers by museum sites
8) Finland: Answers by administrative units
9) Finland: refers to year 2014
10) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
11) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2013 (of which 431 opened)
12) Italy: 1 museum card included in 2013 (53 + 1)
13) Italy: 8 museum cards included in 2013 (100 + 8)
14) Italy: 25 museum cards included in 2013 (35 + 29)
15) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
16) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
17) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits.
18) Latvia: 223.404 (in groups only)
19) Latvia: 8,5 % (in groups only)
20) Latvia: No KK sadaļas "Informācijas tehnoloģijas"
21) Norway: 127 museums were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2013
22) Norway: Only regular staff, number of persons
23) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librarians
24) Norway: Total number of FTEs per 100.000 inhabitants
25) Portgal: data collected every 3 years.
26) Portugal: data collected every 3 years.
27) The Netherlands: ICOM-definition.
28) Switzerland: Including zoos and botanical gardens.
29) Switzerland: data generated by 669 museums.
30) Switzerland: data generated by 528 museums.