Country Year Definition
    Working group definition National criteria
    1a 1b
       
Bulgaria 2010   X
Czech Republic 2010 X  
Denmark 2010   X
Estonia 2010 X  
France 2010   X
Germany 2010   X
Italy 2010 X 6)   
Latvia 2010 X  
Norway 2010 X  
Poland 2010   X
Portugal 2010 X 22)    21) 
Romania 2010 X  
Slovenia 2010    
Spain 2010   X
Sweden 2010   X
Switzerland 2010   X
 
Country Year Number of museums according to type of collection
    total of which
    2a 2b 2c 2d
      Art, archaeology and history museums Science and technology museums, ethnology museums Other museums
Bulgaria 2010 201 34)  137 18 46
Czech Republic 2010 471 67 2 402
Denmark 2010 267 232 35  
Estonia 2010 247 76 29 140
France 2010 330      
Germany 2010 6.281 1.003   5)  5.278
Italy 2010 452 452    
Latvia 2010 141      
Norway 2010 137 17)  93 27 17
Poland 2010 782 252 94 436
Portugal 2010 616 22)  244 158 214
Romania 2010 687      
Slovenia 2010 163 112 34 17
Spain 2010 1.479 31)  717 370 392
Sweden 2010 169 115 25 29
Switzerland 2010 1.064 293 588 189
 
Country Year Ownership
    state-owned museums local-, regional-owned museums other public-owned museums private-owned museums
    3a 3b 3c 3d 3e
    Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
Bulgaria 2010 27 171 3 35)     
Czech Republic 2010 32 339 44 56  
Denmark 2010 7     117  
Estonia 2010 89 81   73  
France 2010 36 214 2 78  
Germany 2010 475 2.535 439 2.832 214
Italy 2010 452        
Latvia 2010 40 87 8 6  
Norway 2010 13 20 104    
Poland 2010 54 547 181 117  
Portugal 2010 417     199  
Romania 2010          
Slovenia 2010          
Spain 2010 149 809 41 480 31
Sweden 2010 39 94   33 6
Switzerland 2010 15 128 110 811 300
 
Country Year Management
    state-managed museums local-, regional-managed museums other public-managed museums private-managed museums
    4a 4b 4c 4d 4e
    Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
Bulgaria 2010          
Czech Republic 2010 32 339 44 56  
Denmark 2010          
Estonia 2010 89 81 3 75  
France 2010 36 214 2 78  
Germany 2010          
Italy 2010 451 5   1 1
Latvia 2010 40 87 8 6  
Norway 2010 13 20 104    
Poland 2010 54 547 181 117  
Portugal 2010          
Romania 2010          
Slovenia 2010          
Spain 2010 79 836 57 507 36
Sweden 2010 39 94   33 6
Switzerland 2010 15 128 110 811 300
 
Country Year Ownership of permanent collection
    Public ≤ 50% Public > 50%
    5a 5b
       
Bulgaria 2010   201
Czech Republic 2010    
Denmark 2010    
Estonia 2010    
France 2010 78 252
Germany 2010    
Italy 2010    
Latvia 2010    
Norway 2010    
Poland 2010 782 117
Portugal 2010    
Romania 2010    
Slovenia 2010    
Spain 2010    
Sweden 2010    
Switzerland 2010 206 175
 
Country Year Number of visits
    Total Of which
    6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6g
      free admissions
Total
free admissions
%
foreigners
Total
foreigners
%
temporary exhibitions
Total
temporary exhibitions
%
Bulgaria 2010 4.252.993 1.002.162 23,60 868.436 20,40 4.019.197 94,50
Czech Republic 2010 9.307.777 2.713.575 29,20 55.600 0,60    
Denmark 2010 12.030.411            
Estonia 2010 2.251.206 432.913 19,23 650.599 29,00    
France 2010 4.869.035 2.502.978 51,40 401.253 8,20    
Germany 2010 109.196.469            
Italy 2010 37 7)  21 7)  58,44        
Latvia 2010 2.372.247 1.020.567 42,40 147.232 15)  6,10 16)     
Norway 2010 10.548.193 5.406.356 51,30        
Poland 2010 22.216.000 8.368 37,60        
Portugal 2010 10.362.944 23)  4.072.284 23)  39,30 2.808.629 23)  27,10    
Romania 2010 8.900.425            
Slovenia 2010 2.882.440 1.839.968 63,80 518.954 18,00    
Spain 2010 55.978.067 32)  33.306.950 59,50 7.780.951 13,90    
Sweden 2010 16.788.436            
Switzerland 2010 12.526.600 3.590.000 30,00        
 
Country Year Staff
    Paid staff Volunteers
    7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 7g 7h
    Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
Bulgaria 2010 2.500 1.584            
Czech Republic 2010 5.703 2.957 5.703 2.957,00 1.336      
Denmark 2010                
Estonia 2010 1.486 1.000     617      
France 2010     2.644 1.276,00     18  
Germany 2010                
Italy 2010                
Latvia 2010 1.788 917            
Norway 2010 3.407 18)    3.727 2.038,00 19)      207  
Poland 2010                
Portugal 2010 3.810 24)  2.196 24)             
Romania 2010                
Slovenia 2010 2.032 1.244     261 135    
Spain 2010 14.784 4.511     902 353    
Sweden 2010     4.029          
Switzerland 2010     4.500          
 
Country Year Admissions
    Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) Number of museums
    8a 8b 8c 8d 8e
    < 2,5,- 2,5 - 5,- > 5,- with free entrance with museum card
Bulgaria 2010       71  
Czech Republic 2010          
Denmark 2010          
Estonia 2010       109 19
France 2010 19 62 58 18  
Germany 2010 1.433 1.220 285 1.622  
Italy 2010 72 8)  100 9)  54 10)  201 72 11) 
Latvia 2010 107 13   21  
Norway 2010   12 108 12  
Poland 2010          
Portugal 2010       304 25)   
Romania 2010          
Slovenia 2010          
Spain 2010 329 315 64 637  
Sweden 2010 6 27 77 59  
Switzerland 2010 10 115 75 300 860
 
Country Year Temporary exhibitions
    Total Of which
    9a 9b 9c
      Own production Joined productions
Bulgaria 2010 2.045 1.073 972
Czech Republic 2010 3.847 2.636 1.211
Denmark 2010      
Estonia 2010 1.539 1.163 376
France 2010 1.134 559 206
Germany 2010 9.172    
Italy 2010      
Latvia 2010 1.043    
Norway 2010 1.068    
Poland 2010 4.894 3.148 1.746
Portugal 2010 259 26)     
Romania 2010      
Slovenia 2010 1.501    
Spain 2010 2.986    
Sweden 2010      
Switzerland 2010      
 
Country Year Expenditure (of museums)
    Total (In EUR) Of which
    10a 10b 10c 10d 10e
      Ordinary expenditures
Total
Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
Extraordinary expenditures
Total
Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
Bulgaria 2010 17.314.131     460.498 123.056
Czech Republic 2010 158.940.617       2.149.616
Denmark 2010          
Estonia 2010 32.525.916 31.921.951 14.190.942 603.965 603.965
France 2010 199.645.883 199.645.883 95.818.576   2.746.841
Germany 2010          
Italy 2010          
Latvia 2010 21.208.423 20.149.215 12.078.569 1.059.208 169.296
Norway 2010   471.300.077 244.415.551    
Poland 2010          
Portugal 2010          
Romania 2010          
Slovenia 2010 45.675.761   26.951.802    
Spain 2010          
Sweden 2010 384.800.400 384.800.400 195.442.100    
Switzerland 2010   925.000.000      
 
Country Year Income (of museums)
    Total (in EUR) Of which
    11a 11b 11c
      Entry fees Public subsidies
Bulgaria 2010 17.643.975 2.638.284 13.193.914
Czech Republic 2010 154.114.986    
Denmark 2010      
Estonia 2010 38.323.218 2.438.868 23.722.866
France 2010 199.645.883 10.158.536 157.484.240
Germany 2010      
Italy 2010 104.484.306 104.484.306  
Latvia 2010 21.954.241 2.087.159 15.194.697
Norway 2010 480.509.269 33.275.232  
Poland 2010      
Portugal 2010      
Romania 2010      
Slovenia 2010 46.113.760 6.264.821 37.104.871
Spain 2010      
Sweden 2010 382.142.200 37.790.000 264.190.600
Switzerland 2010      
 
Country Year Public expenditure (for museums)
    Total (in EUR) Of which
    12a 12b
      Investments
Bulgaria 2010 13.193.914  
Czech Republic 2010 162.897.734 63.196.868
Denmark 2010    
Estonia 2010 23.722.866 14.552.874
France 2010 157.848.240  
Germany 2010    
Italy 2010    
Latvia 2010 15.194.697 267.124
Norway 2010 334.615.860  
Poland 2010    
Portugal 2010    
Romania 2010    
Slovenia 2010    
Spain 2010    
Sweden 2010 190.605.936 207.004.300
Switzerland 2010    
 
Country Year Number of museums making use of computers
    Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer Of which
    13a 13b 13c 13d 13e
      for administrative purpose for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) having a database for electronic inventory having an Internet access
Bulgaria 2010 192 174 42 120 158
Czech Republic 2010 312   137   312
Denmark 2010          
Estonia 2010 173 173 100   171
France 2010 158 158 57 147 158
Germany 2010          
Italy 2010          
Latvia 2010 124 118 53 113 120
Norway 2010 137 137     137
Poland 2010          
Portugal 2010 307 27)        289 27) 
Romania 2010          
Slovenia 2010 163 163   163 163
Spain 2010 1.252 932 586 536 703
Sweden 2010          
Switzerland 2010          
 
Country Year Information - Diffusion - Education
    Number of museums possessing a web-site Number of museums possessing an own web-site Number of museums Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme
    14 15a 15b 16a 16b 16c 17a 17b 17c 17d 17e
    Total Total Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
connected to a museum portal
Total
connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
connected to (an)other portal(s) Total Of which
for school children
Of which
for ethnic minorities
for senior citizens for others
Bulgaria 2010   97         116 97 14 48 16
Czech Republic 2010   399         294 209 16 100 55
Denmark 2010                      
Estonia 2010                      
France 2010 158     158     103 103 22 35 36
Germany 2010                      
Italy 2010                      
Latvia 2010             98        
Norway 2010   133   137     122 122      
Poland 2010                      
Portugal 2010               298 28)    239 28)  161 28) 
Romania 2010                      
Slovenia 2010 163                    
Spain 2010 1.172 660   176 72   783 631 78 302 526
Sweden 2010                      
Switzerland 2010 950                    
 
Country Year
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
     
    18
     
Bulgaria 2010 2,70
Czech Republic 2010 4,50
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 16,30
France 2010  
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010 0,75
Latvia 2010 6,20
Norway 2010 2,80
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010 5,80
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010 8,00
Spain 2010  
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
     
    19
     
Bulgaria 2010 2,70
Czech Republic 2010  
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010  
France 2010 6,10
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010 0,75
Latvia 2010 6,20
Norway 2010 2,80
Poland 2010 2,03
Portugal 2010 3,20
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 3,20
Sweden 2010 1,81
Switzerland 2010 13,52
 
Country Year
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
     
    20
     
Bulgaria 2010 56.448,00
Czech Republic 2010 88.370,00
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 167.980,00
France 2010 90.502,00
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010 61.878,00
Latvia 2010 105.509,00
Norway 2010 217.121,00
Poland 2010 57.703,00
Portugal 2010 97.420,00 29) 
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010 140.594,00
Spain 2010 120.418,00
Sweden 2010 179.735,00
Switzerland 2010 159,24
 
Country Year
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
     
    21
     
Bulgaria 2010 43.147,00
Czech Republic 2010  
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 135.677,00
France 2010 43.979,00
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010 25.715,00
Latvia 2010 60.118,00
Norway 2010 105.838,00
Poland 2010 35.969,00
Portugal 2010 59.137,00 29) 
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 50.088,00
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
     
    22
     
Bulgaria 2010 21.159,00
Czech Republic 2010 19.762,00
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 9.114,00
France 2010  
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010 88,06 12) 
Latvia 2010 16.824,00
Norway 2010 76.994,00
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010  
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010 17.684,00
Spain 2010  
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
     
    23
     
Bulgaria 2010 21.159,00
Czech Republic 2010  
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 9.114,00
France 2010 15.408,00
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010 16.824,00
Norway 2010 76.994,00
Poland 2010 28.265,00
Portugal 2010 30.479,00 29) 
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 39.927,00
Sweden 2010 99.340,00
Switzerland 2010 11.773,00
 
Country Year
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants
     
    24
     
Bulgaria 2010 33,20
Czech Republic 2010 54,10
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 111,00
France 2010 49,10
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010 79,30
Norway 2010 81,00
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010 39,90 29) 
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010 111,80
Spain 2010 32,10
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)
     
    25
     
Bulgaria 2010 2,30
Czech Republic 2010 15,09
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 24,30
France 2010 37,10
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010 9,43
Norway 2010 97,20
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010  
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010 22,30
Spain 2010  
Sweden 2010 41,20
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)
     
    26
     
Bulgaria 2010 175.118,00
Czech Republic 2010 1.546.580,00
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 1.612.322,00
France 2010 2.933.982,00
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010 675.808,25
Norway 2010 6.903.650,00
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010  
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010  
Sweden 2010 2.216.158,00
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year
     
    27
     
Bulgaria 2010 185
Czech Republic 2010 371
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 136
France 2010 179
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010 418
Latvia 2010 114
Norway 2010 107
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010 332
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 1.310
Sweden 2010 143
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
     
    28
     
Bulgaria 2010 106
Czech Republic 2010 232
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 77
France 2010 185
Germany 2010 2.170
Italy 2010 289 13) 
Latvia 2010 67
Norway 2010 122
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010 217
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 811
Sweden 2010 156
Switzerland 2010 349
 
Country Year Number of museums necessary to reach
    50 % of total visits (including free entries) 75 % of total visits (including free entries)
    29a 29b
       
Bulgaria 2010 15 38
Czech Republic 2010    
Denmark 2010    
Estonia 2010    
France 2010 34 86
Germany 2010    
Italy 2010 7 14)  28 14) 
Latvia 2010    
Norway 2010 15 38
Poland 2010    
Portugal 2010 17 57
Romania 2010    
Slovenia 2010    
Spain 2010 39 149
Sweden 2010    
Switzerland 2010 30 135
 
Country Year
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff
     
    30
     
Bulgaria 2010 201
Czech Republic 2010 267
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 137
France 2010 158
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010 125
Norway 2010 122 20) 
Poland 2010 782
Portugal 2010 340
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 1.131
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Average price paid
(in EUR)
     
    31
     
Bulgaria 2010  
Czech Republic 2010  
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 1,34
France 2010 5,30
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010 6,73
Latvia 2010 1,54
Norway 2010 8,09
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010  
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010  
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Number of museums with at least one publication
     
    32
     
Bulgaria 2010 152
Czech Republic 2010 156
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010 125
France 2010 88
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010 63
Norway 2010 92
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010 234
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 813
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier
     
    33
     
Bulgaria 2010 49
Czech Republic 2010 32
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010  
France 2010 7
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010  
Norway 2010  
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010 77
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 243
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
     
    34
     
Bulgaria 2010  
Czech Republic 2010  
Denmark 2010  
Estonia 2010  
France 2010  
Germany 2010  
Italy 2010  
Latvia 2010  
Norway 2010  
Poland 2010  
Portugal 2010  
Romania 2010  
Slovenia 2010  
Spain 2010 30,60 33) 
Sweden 2010  
Switzerland 2010  
 
Country Year
Population
Source: Eurostat
     
    35
     
Bulgaria 2010 7.563.710
Czech Republic 2010 10.506.813
Denmark 2010 5.534.738
Estonia 2010 1.337.666
France 2010 64.694.497
Germany 2010 81.802.257
Italy 2010 60.340.328
Latvia 2010 2.248.374
Norway 2010 4.858.199
Poland 2010 38.167.329
Portugal 2010 10.572.721
Romania 2010 20.294.683
Slovenia 2010 2.050.189
Spain 2010 45.989.016
Sweden 2010 9.415.570
Switzerland 2010 7.785.806
 
Country Year
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
     
    36
     
Bulgaria 2010 69,10
Czech Republic 2010 136,20
Denmark 2010 128,70
Estonia 2010 30,90
France 2010 102,50
Germany 2010 229,00
Italy 2010 200,00
Latvia 2010 36,00
Norway 2010 16,00
Poland 2010 122,10
Portugal 2010 115,40
Romania 2010 93,20
Slovenia 2010 101,10
Spain 2010 91,80
Sweden 2010 22,90
Switzerland 2010 195,60
 
Country Year
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
     
    37
     
Bulgaria 2010 44,000
Czech Republic 2010 80,000
Denmark 2010 128,000
Estonia 2010 65,000
France 2010 108,000
Germany 2010 118,000
Italy 2010 103,000
Latvia 2010 55,000
Norway 2010 181,000
Poland 2010 63,000
Portugal 2010 81,000
Romania 2010 52,000
Slovenia 2010 84,000
Spain 2010 25,000
Sweden 2010 124,000
Switzerland 2010 154,000
 
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Finland: Admission fee for the main site of a museum
3) Finland: included in the ordinary expenditures
4) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (158), not as museum sites.
5) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
6) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2010 (of which 424 opened)
7) Italy: Please note that, at the Pantheon, to free admission, was adopted from April 2010, a sample detection method that has provided more inflows than the previous one, based on the attendance register.
8) Italy: 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
9) Italy: 10 in 2008 and 2009 and 9 in 2010 museum cards included
10) Italy: 23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
11) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2010 there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
12) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
13) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
14) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
15) Latvia: 147.232 (in groups only)
16) Latvia: 6,1% (in groups only)
17) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2010.
18) Norway: only regular staff, number of persons
19) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librians.
20) Norway: Excluding the director of the museum, but including archivists, educationalists, librarians, guides as well as staff with museum education.
21) Portugal: Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: a) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; b) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; c) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician); d) existence of budget and e) existence of inventory.
22) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE.
23) Portugal: The number of visits are from the museums on national criteria.
24) Portugal: The paid staff are from the museums on national criteria.
25) Portugal: some museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and payed entrances.
26) Portugal: it reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
27) Portugal: it reports to the museums on national criteria.
28) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education program.
29) Portugal: only considered the visits on national criteria museums.
30) Portugal: on national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff (data collected every 3 years).
31) Spain: Museums that answered the statistical questionnaire. Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on libraries and archives centers are not included.
32) Spain: Estimation
33) Spain: Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2010 - 2011, Ministry of Culture
34) Bulgaria: The 2010 annual museum statistics cover 201 professionally-run museums, whose collections are movables cultural values - without museum sites whose collections are with public importance.
35) Bulgaria: Other public museum is understood here as a museum run by a foundation or association.