Country Year Definition
    Working group definition National criteria
    1a 1b
       
Belgium 2004    
Denmark 2004   X 8) 
Germany 2004   X
Luxembourg 2004 X  
Portugal 2004 X   10) 
Slovenia 2004    
Spain 2004   X
 
Country Year Number of museums according to type of collection
    total of which
    2a 2b 2c 2d
      Art, archaeology and history museums Science and technology museums, ethnology museums Other museums
Belgium 2004 162 192 58 56
Denmark 2004 267 242 16 6
Germany 2004 6.177 1.022   9)  5.155
Luxembourg 2004 37 10 15 12
Portugal 2004 563 11)  205 153 205
Slovenia 2004 164 112 38 6
Spain 2004 1.238 595 289 354
 
Country Year Ownership
    state-owned museums local-, regional-owned museums other public-owned museums private-owned museums
    3a 3b 3c 3d 3e
    Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
Belgium 2004 8 2)  74 6 47  
Denmark 2004 20 40   198  
Germany 2004 474 2.550 425 2.728 194
Luxembourg 2004 9 19 5 4  
Portugal 2004 349     214  
Slovenia 2004          
Spain 2004 155 639 13 431 22
 
Country Year Management
    state-managed museums local-, regional-managed museums other public-managed museums private-managed museums
    4a 4b 4c 4d 4e
    Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
Belgium 2004 8 53 7 76  
Denmark 2004 20 40   198 20
Germany 2004          
Luxembourg 2004 2 7 2 26  
Portugal 2004          
Slovenia 2004          
Spain 2004 84 673 23 458 27
 
Country Year Ownership of permanent collection
    Public ≤ 50% Public > 50%
    5a 5b
       
Belgium 2004 66 72
Denmark 2004    
Germany 2004    
Luxembourg 2004 15 22
Portugal 2004    
Slovenia 2004 48 30
Spain 2004    
 
Country Year Number of visits
    Total Of which
    6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6g
      free admissions
Total
free admissions
%
foreigners
Total
foreigners
%
temporary exhibitions
Total
temporary exhibitions
%
Belgium 2004 3.706.139 1.039.337 35,00   70,00    
Denmark 2004 10.077.458            
Germany 2004 103.235.469            
Luxembourg 2004 255.023 79.833 31,30        
Portugal 2004 6.559.379 12)             
Slovenia 2004 2.456.941 1.593.148 64,00        
Spain 2004 48.889.822 25.911.606 53,00 7.186.804 14,70    
 
Country Year Staff
    Paid staff Volunteers
    7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 7g 7h
    Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
Belgium 2004 2.045              
Denmark 2004                
Germany 2004 19.490 16.144            
Luxembourg 2004 225 25 205 23,50 300   7  
Portugal 2004 3.131 13)  1.565 14)             
Slovenia 2004 1.899 1.051     193   8  
Spain 2004 13.014 3.269     1.457 330    
 
Country Year Admissions
    Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) Number of museums
    8a 8b 8c 8d 8e
    < 2,5,- 2,5 - 5,- > 5,- with free entrance with museum card
Belgium 2004       100  
Denmark 2004          
Germany 2004 1.829 901 127 1.722  
Luxembourg 2004 3 18 2 14 11
Portugal 2004          
Slovenia 2004          
Spain 2004 299 189 28 497  
 
Country Year Temporary exhibitions
    Total Of which
    9a 9b 9c
      Own production Joined productions
Belgium 2004      
Denmark 2004      
Germany 2004 9.042    
Luxembourg 2004 39    
Portugal 2004 182    
Slovenia 2004 1.434    
Spain 2004 2.842    
 
Country Year Expenditure (of museums)
    Total (In EUR) Of which
    10a 10b 10c 10d 10e
      Ordinary expenditures
Total
Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
Extraordinary expenditures
Total
Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
Belgium 2004          
Denmark 2004          
Germany 2004          
Luxembourg 2004 12.422.863 11.247.683 10.479.609 1.175.181 779.801
Portugal 2004          
Slovenia 2004 221.362.250 88.406.000 167.761.041    
Spain 2004          
 
Country Year Income (of museums)
    Total (in EUR) Of which
    11a 11b 11c
      Entry fees Public subsidies
Belgium 2004      
Denmark 2004      
Germany 2004      
Luxembourg 2004 14.368.008 494.860 13.103.890
Portugal 2004      
Slovenia 2004 245.970.037 31.822.791 249.428.083
Spain 2004      
 
Country Year Public expenditure (for museums)
    Total (in EUR) Of which
    12a 12b
      Investments
Belgium 2004    
Denmark 2004    
Germany 2004    
Luxembourg 2004    
Portugal 2004    
Slovenia 2004 311.349.833 35.395.791
Spain 2004    
 
Country Year Number of museums making use of computers
    Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer Of which
    13a 13b 13c 13d 13e
      for administrative purpose for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) having a database for electronic inventory having an Internet access
Belgium 2004 112 83 34 80 102
Denmark 2004          
Germany 2004 2.107 1.888   1.158 595
Luxembourg 2004 17 17 6 2 13
Portugal 2004 221       186
Slovenia 2004 164 164 164 164 164
Spain 2004 906 658 579 266 468
 
Country Year Information - Diffusion - Education
    Number of museums possessing a web-site Number of museums possessing an own web-site Number of museums Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme
    14 15a 15b 16a 16b 16c 17a 17b 17c 17d 17e
    Total Total Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
connected to a museum portal
Total
connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
connected to (an)other portal(s) Total Of which
for school children
Of which
for ethnic minorities
for senior citizens for others
Belgium 2004 114 68   46     88 78     37
Denmark 2004                      
Germany 2004 935             2.510 304 1.119  
Luxembourg 2004 16 10 8       20 17   6 7
Portugal 2004               205      
Slovenia 2004                      
Spain 2004 612     238 52   514 390 30 175 307
 
Country Year
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
     
    18
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004 5,40
Slovenia 2004 8,20
Spain 2004  
 
Country Year
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
     
    19
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004 2,40
Slovenia 2004 0,60
Spain 2004 2,90
 
Country Year
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
     
    20
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004 62.459,00
Slovenia 2004 123.031,00
Spain 2004 114.907,00
 
Country Year
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
     
    21
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004  
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004 54.932,00
 
Country Year
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
     
    22
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004 21.164,00
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004  
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004  
 
Country Year
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
     
    23
     
Belgium 2004 37.061,00
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004 16.705,00
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004 26.556,00
Slovenia 2004 14.981,00
Spain 2004 39.491,00
 
Country Year
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants
     
    24
     
Belgium 2004 23,10
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004 33,50
Slovenia 2004 95,00
Spain 2004 30,70
 
Country Year
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)
     
    25
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004  
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004  
 
Country Year
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)
     
    26
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004 1.216.653,00
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004  
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004  
 
Country Year
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year
     
    27
     
Belgium 2004 132 3) 
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004 2.338
Luxembourg 2004 18
Portugal 2004 242
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004 855
 
Country Year
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
     
    28
     
Belgium 2004 100 4) 
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004 2.219
Luxembourg 2004 10
Portugal 2004 150
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004 674
 
Country Year Number of museums necessary to reach
    50 % of total visits (including free entries) 75 % of total visits (including free entries)
    29a 29b
       
Belgium 2004    
Denmark 2004    
Germany 2004    
Luxembourg 2004 4 9
Portugal 2004 14 46
Slovenia 2004    
Spain 2004 35 127
 
Country Year
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff
     
    30
     
Belgium 2004  
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004 2.704
Luxembourg 2004 4
Portugal 2004 247
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004 672
 
Country Year
Average price paid
(in EUR)
     
    31
     
Belgium 2004   5) 
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004 2,82
Portugal 2004  
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004  
 
Country Year
Number of museums with at least one publication
     
    32
     
Belgium 2004   6) 
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004 3.430
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004 198
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004 578
 
Country Year
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier
     
    33
     
Belgium 2004   7) 
Denmark 2004  
Germany 2004  
Luxembourg 2004  
Portugal 2004  
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004  
 
Country Year
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
     
    34
     
Belgium 2004 22,70
Denmark 2004 46,40
Germany 2004 32,60
Luxembourg 2004 32,10
Portugal 2004  
Slovenia 2004  
Spain 2004 27,50 15) 
 
Country Year
Population
Source: Eurostat
     
    35
     
Belgium 2004 10.396.421
Denmark 2004 5.397.640
Germany 2004 82.531.671
Luxembourg 2004 454.960
Portugal 2004 10.501.970
Slovenia 2004 1.996.433
Spain 2004 42.345.342
 
Country Year
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
     
    36
     
Belgium 2004 343,60
Denmark 2004 125,40
Germany 2004 231,10
Luxembourg 2004 177,10
Portugal 2004 114,10
Slovenia 2004 99,20
Spain 2004 84,40
 
Country Year
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
     
    37
     
Belgium 2004 121,000
Denmark 2004 126,000
Germany 2004 115,000
Luxembourg 2004 253,000
Portugal 2004 76,000
Slovenia 2004 87,000
Spain 2004 22,000
 
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) In 2004, the Federal level + Brussels Museum Council + Flanders have sent out together a questionnaire to 254 museums. 201 museums (response rate of 80%) have sent in answers, but only 162 questionnaires (response rate 63%)could be used for the survey.
3) 132 answers, 87 museums more than 200 days open
4) 100 answers, 97 more than 5.000 visits
5) - Permanent collections: 3,57.- euros - Temporary collections: 4,50.- euros
6) 31 publications in Dutch, 12 in French, 2 in German, 10 in English and 3 in other languages
7) 6 publications in Dutch, 5 in French, 2 in German, 3 in English and 2 in other languages
8) Data collected for 2004 by the Statistics Denmark Jan-March 2005. Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 258 museums. Of these 258 are 147 approved by the state and the rest are associated members of a county museum advisory board. Museums in Denmark are divided into four categories with regard to their main area of collecting: cultural history (including technological museums), art museums, museums of natural history and other. So, the numbers of museums in this questionnaire concerning the different categories are not comparable but adjusted to the purpose.
9) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
10) Portugal: 247 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
11) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE
12) Portugal: The number of visits is from the museums on national criteria
13) Portugal: Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 7a and 7b includes 493 and 142 employees in 11 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time.. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers and 1 dpecialized part-time worker) 3.292 full-time and 332 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.609 full-time and 98 part-time employees (column 7b).
14) Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 7a and 7b includes 493 and 142 employees in 11 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time.. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers and 1 dpecialized part-time worker) 3.292 full-time and 332 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.609 full-time and 98 part-time employees (column 7b).
15) Spain: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2002-2003, Ministry of Culture