Country     Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Norway Poland Portugal Romania Serbia Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland The Netherlands United Kingdom
Year     2021 2009 2004 2015 2017 2014 2022 2017 2018 2022 2017 2020 2007 2021 2014 2017 2020 2022 2020 2009 2013 2022 2017 2018 2020 2022 2018 2020 2018 2021 2021 2012
Definition Working group definition 1a   X X         X   X       X 312)      X X       X   X 599)  X                
National criteria 1b         X X X 171)    X   X 263)    X   X X     X X 465)  X   X X 600)    X X 630)  X X 638)  X X X X
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   510 95)  155 162 35 191 284 172)  459 209 250 326 263)  1.224 273)  6.854 176 313)  773 230 336)  472 156 110   23 723)  127 493)  963 680 787 146 137 631)  93 1.474 370 1.081 629 1.732
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 168 136 192 19 140 114 173)  102   58   805 1.271 176           25 22 724)    622 269 266 65 738)  132 632)    683 113 308 527  
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 60 12 58   16 61 53   23   341               6     146 170 211 12 742)  5   406 28 221 102  
  2d Other museums 282 7 56 16 35 109 173)  304   169   78 5.583             7 1   195 241 272 69 736)      385 229 552    
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 31 13 8 106)    25 33 174)  30 5 72 14 254)  70 439 176 314)  114   472 40 20 19 16 13 100 517 76 13 42   166 28     58
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 225 137 74 31 162 167 175)  319 17 90 210 254)  994 2.613   501     99 54 11 7 15 583   585 121 80   883 93     581
other public-owned museums 3c Total 5 5 6   4 83 175)  23     11 254)  26 447         10 25 1   99 8     8     39 34     83
private-owned museums 3d Total 249   47 4   1 175)  95 187 88 91 254)  134 274)  3.095   158     7 11 7     272 163 104 3 15   386 45     910
  3e Of which
ppp
                      260             3           1     27        
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 1 13 8     33 176)  30   65 14 254)  59   176 114 15 472 40 20 8 16 13       13 42   97 41      
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 135 137 53 31   167 177)  319   90 210 254)  983     501 23   99 54 12 7 15       121 80   900 128      
other public-managed museums 4c Total 52 5 7     83 177)  23   7 11 254)  55       10   10 25 1   99       8     60        
private-managed museums 4d Total 322   76 4   1 178)  95   88 91 254)  23 274)      158 48   7 11 17           3 15   417 201      
  4e Of which
ppp
                            5       13           1     33        
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a       66     1                         22           5 137            
Public > 50% 5b     155 72   191 283             176 773         16 23 721)          141              
Number of visits Total 6a   7.896.846 4.586.306 3.706.139 346.195 5.109.135 4.771.230 179)  11.166.042 16.185.412 3.384.322 6.856.674 63.199.181 275)  70.113.727 4.755.535 315)  5.725.457 6.108.480 50.263.520 1.725.927 4.968.334 241.325 957.182 725)  10.944.898 36.705.236 17.174.986 601)  17.610.029 655.507 3.987.522 2 20.365.712 26.212.435 10.254.392 713)  12.340.000 87.624.176
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
1.261.498 917.261 1.039.337   1.221.005 1.087.271 179)  3   556.968 2.956.354 25.061.274 275)    940.561 316)  1.947.560   26.194.888 607.746   111.884   5.579.320 14.225.773 5.221.508 601)  3.621.158 228.945 905.894   12.423.084     1.962.000  
  6c free admissions
%
18,40 62)  20,00 35,00   23,90 23,00 28,90   16,00 43,10 40,00   19,80 34,02   52,10 35,20   0,46   51,00 39,00 30,40   34,90 23,00   61,00     16,00  
  6d foreigners
Total
  91.726     1.112.496   829.856   1.222.666         721.478     35.703 454)    9.749 37.500     7.731.700 601)      249.953 817 2.016.205     1.501.000  
  6e foreigners
%
  2,00 70,00   21,80   7,40   36,00         12,60     2,10 455)            45,00         9,90     12,00  
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
  3.718.607       729.911 179)                2.262.669         65.835       10.271.027                  
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
  81,00       15,00               39,52                 59,80                  
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
7.259 96)  3.517 2.045 319 3.224 1.673 6.524   2.381         7.386     2.013 3.472 387 449 3.405 474)  17.029 4.197 602)  7.412   2.269 2 14.508   11.427 714)  9.849  
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
2.259 1.583   15 1.874 1.073 3.186   1.687         4.004 162   977 1.636   280   6.906 2.508 602)  3.762   1.247   4.883        
  7c FTES a year
Total
          1.673 6.524     2.709                 309 449 3.863         2.211     5.793 6.162 715)  6.614  
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
          1.073,00 3.186,00     1.386,00                   280,00 2.036,00 480)          1.247,00            
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
3.555           984   440 2.190       476         184       479       281 914   7.465 716)  25.091  
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
525                         251                 356         275        
  7g FTES a year
Total
                                        202                   2.514  
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                                                               
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 15 155   12 147 110         264)    276)  528 63       73     22               264        
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 85 2     22 55       19 264)    277)  1.138 37       33   17   2     603)          369        
  8c > 5,- 294         5       103 264)    278)  681 13       12   6   108             137        
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 98   100 23 22 65       24 264)    279)  1.216 38     209 36   15 1 17   419         704 187     416
  8e with museum card   5       9             176           12                       428  
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   653 2.908     2.189 1.191 3.404   1.606 867   4.643   1.030     816 1.905 42 214 1.066 4.491 333 575)  4.101 623 918 1 1.912   1.346 717)  1.247  
Of which 9b Own production   2.315     1.156   2.470   1.273 450                   158   2.728   2.595 497 437            
  9c Joined productions   593     1.033   934   333 196                   56   1.015   1.506 126 171            
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   439.706.620 97)        29.773.977   299.500.948   68.238.314 291.422.730             50.163.009   38.298.869             72.032.435 50.493.673   593.100.000   1.008.000.000  
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
                67.606.608 291.422.730             40.285.421   33.453.379   524.977.653         72.032.435            
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
                30.399.954 125.948.513             25.003.416   19.825.605   281.237.466         25.950.026 26.594.481       451.000.000  
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
        851.470       631.706               9.833.220   5.062.470                          
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
        121.302   3.882.911   631.706 3.639.137 210)              1.350.391   2.069.513             328.924         34.000.000  
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   401.518.996 98)        31.686.550   304.961.264   84.042.921 291.422.730           193.915.670 48.560.025 162.268.835 23.616.645   534.756.233         80.429.184 51.709.818   580.300.000   1.105.000.000  
Of which 11b Entry fees 38.893.807 99)        4.462.982   32.976.407   9.770.800 29.364.508     27.809.631       2.577.901   397.149   34.382.035         10.902.905 7.614.727   63.833.000   99.000.000  
  11c Public subsidies 258.301.336 100)        24.247.763   245.482.537   45.048.558 213.143.552             43.118.718   20.053.168               42.331.250       562.000.000  
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a           24.247.763   245.482.537   45.048.558 213.143.552             43.118.718   66.384.733 6.113.935 726)  387.987.244 223.776.511       72.032.435         729.000.000  
Of which 12b Investments             56.692.411   17.552.815               893.172         64.720.000                    
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   381 155 112   190       180 151 265)              156     23 127     594)      137 93 1.468        
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 349 155 83   187       180 151 265)              154     23 127     594)      52 93 1.391        
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 229 2 34   79       50         277     99                 16   600        
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 255 125 80   140 181               249     137     8           85 93 761        
  13e having an Internet access 310 100 102   187 247 180)      172 151 265)      176 317)  476     153     22 127         137 93 944        
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total 413 72 114     227 435   218 151 265)      176 318)  346   472       5   732       137 93 1.391     629  
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 344 21 68   126 121 288         280)    2             5           95 93 826     629  
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
  21       121             2             5           20            
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
    46     284       151 265)                    2           83   312        
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                                                  19   136        
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)   10       101                                                    
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total 413 155 88   144 94 181)  259   164         562     130 106 18 5   635       32   682     478  
  17b Of which
for school children
  155 78   143 49 181)  182   157     281)      429         18 5     374 577)          617     449  
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
        29   23             76                           109     67  
  17d for senior citizens   4     78 2 181)  96                               345 604)          305        
  17e for others   151 37   27   57   130         557                 214 577)          368        
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   8,10 1,60     2,70   4,20   18,91       1,60     0,78 8,20   6,00 1,10 2,50   6,60     2,52            
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19     1,60   0,99 2,70 6,60 182)        5,90 254)        7,90     8,20 3,80   1,10 2,50 2,55 4,20   2,08 2,52 4,47 3,10   12,40 3,60  
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   88.217,93 48.447,00   9.841,00 72.204,00 111.350,00 182)  103.126,00   256.004,61 123.233,00     42.567,00 58.839,00   82.958,00 90.473,00 173,72 38.543,67 47.859,00 214,22 97.361,00 166.743,00 605)    9.337,00 73.451,36 131.365,59 43.026,81     70.613,00  
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   74.125,38 70)  41.282,00     54.949,00 85.976,00 183)      213.873,16 70.100,00     34.148,00 38.824,00     58.645,00   20.673,91   105.021,00 59.627,00 116.050,00 605)    6.076,00 58.761,08   16.780,45     59.386,00  
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   15.762,17 71)  29.589,00     26.749,00   24.327,00   13.537,29       45.726,00     106.491,00 11.064,00   6.350,66   86.180,00         29.106,00            
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23     29.589,00 37.061,00 9.891,00 26.749,00 16.800,00       22.190,00 254)  62.450,00     7.407,00     11.064,00 45,17   41.616,00 86.180,00 38.116,00 39.942,00 605)    4.490,00   29.393,52 13.817,00   9.486,00 718)  19.618,00  
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   128,44 48,00 23,10 9,11 45,60 25,00 184)  60,30   180,11 48,70       76,00     106,00 121,00 61,81 22,45 75,60 494)  45,17 44,60 605)      41,79 133,00 30,70     56,00  
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   49,12       4,20   27,70   51,62 52,40             26,30   61,17   102,80         4.669,00 24,30       58,00  
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26           342.679,00   2.267.207,00   3.407.665,79 3.830.782,00             2.260.275,90   10.602.760,73   7.594.108,00 316.223.708,30                 4.171.575,00  
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   236 155 132 107)  23 186   273   165 168 254)      146 371 106 451 96   19 23 102   422         1.302        
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   170 115 100 108)  9 112 77 185)  215   96 204 254)  714 1.175 65 184 56 310 53 84 14   113 498 276     72   535   289    
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   16       15         29 254)      5 26         3   17   16   73     52        
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   51       39         74 254)      13 79         8   36   57   109     183        
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   185 101)  155   13 189 184 288   153 151 265)        438     134 100   23 115     606)      121   1.474        
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   9,30 73)  0,40   109)      2,75     3,07 9,80     7,30       2,27   3,07 0,90 6,41         2,73 4,02   7,00   9,54  
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   180 155   110)    113 114 186)  145   109 48 265)        215     70 65   23 87 288     59 57   756        
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     10   111)    65 5 186)  8                             109       23   274        
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34       22,70                                                 40,50 643)         
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35     9.466.600 105)  10.396.421 3.518.290 7.101.859 4.246.809 10.827.529 5.748.769 1.321.977 5.563.970     11.171.740 9.730.772 4.628.949 60.589.445 1.907.675 2.860.002   2.048.619 5.051.275 37.654.247 10.300.300 19.530.631   5.428.792 2.080.908 47.332.614 10.120.242 8.738.791 17.475.415 62.989.550
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36     16,00 105)  343,60 68,74 63,90   137,30   29,20       85,60 105,00   201,00   43,80   82,30   123,00 111,60     11,80     27,70   519,00 256,80 681) 
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37       121,000   49,000 59,000   125,000         97,800 75,000 177,000 0,989 70,000     36,000 191,000 79,000   64,000   68,000 77,000   121,000     110,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) out of 333 museums
3) Austria: Out of 332 museums
4) Austria: Out of 455 museums and museum-like institutions
5) Austria: Out of 184 museums
6) Austria: Out of 166 museums
7) Austria: Out of 127 museums
8) Austria: Out of 447 museums and museum-like institutions
9) Austria: Out of 333
10) Austria: Visits with unknown payment-status not taken into account
11) Austria: Employees and freelancers
12) Austria: Employees only
13) Austria: Inclusive museums expecting a donation
14) Austria: n = 203
15) Austria: n = 212
16) Austria: n = 214
17) Austria: n = 213
18) Austria: Calculated for those museums which delivered data on the payment-status as well as entry fees (n = 187). The suggested calculation method would result in an average price of 2,9.-€.
19) Austria: Reference period 2nd quarter 2006 - 1st quarter 2007
20) Austria: in contrast to previous years the figures on the number of museums represent museum sites (local units) instead of institutions (organisational units)
21) Austria: visits with unknown payment-status not taken into account
22) Austria: employees and freelancers
23) Austria: employees only
24) Austria: inclusive museums expecting a donation
25) Austria: n = 209
26) Austria: n = 251
27) Austria: n = 264
28) Austria: n = 266
29) Austria: out of 415 museums
30) Austria: visits with unkonwn payment-status not taken in account
31) Austria: figure refers to sites instead of institutions
32) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
33) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
34) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
35) Austria: calculated for the museums which delivered data on both the payment-status and admission fees (n = 182)
36) Austria: out of 391 responding institutions
37) Austria: according to the Adult Education Survey 2007: population of age 25 to 64 that visited during the last 12 months museums, exhibitions or monuments
38) Austria: Number of museums participating in the non-compulsory survey
39) Austria: Inclusive museums expecting only a donation
40) Austria: n=199
41) Austria: n=215
42) Austria: n=198
43) Austria: n=173
44) Austria: Out of 372 institutions
45) Austria: Calculated for the museums which delivered data on both the payment-status and admission fees (n=189)
46) Austria: Out of 364 responding institutions
47) According to the Adult Education Survey 2011/12: population of age 25 to 64 that visited during the last 12 months museums, exhibitions or monuments.
48) Break in time series
49) The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2014 is 700. However, 138 units did not participate in the survey.
50) Not taking into account unknown admission status in the denominator
51) plus 695 freelancers
52) plus 293 freelancers
53) incuding museums which ask for a voluntary contribution
54) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 265 out of 496
55) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 296 out of 496
56) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 318 out of 496
57) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 314 out of 496
58) Inclusive visits with unknown admission status
59) not taking into account museums with unknown number of visits in the denominator
60) out of 479 organisational units (comprising partly more than one museum) which reported staff figures
61) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2016 is 747. However, 194 units did not participate in the survey.
62) Austria: Not taking into account unknown admission status in the denominator.
63) Austria: plus 779 freelancers.
64) Austria: plus 415 freelancers.
65) Austria: Incuding museums which ask for a voluntary contribution.
66) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 263 out of 483.
67) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 315 out of 483.
68) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 287 out of 483.
69) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 288 out of 483.
70) Austria: Inclusive visits with unknown admission status.
71) Austria: Not taking into account museums with unknown number of visits in the denominator.
72) Austria: Out of 468 organisational units (comprising partly more than one museum) which reported staff figures.
73) Austria: The ratio is based only on units, for which both 'income from entries' and 'payment status of visitors' is known.
74) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2017 is 745. However, 193 units did not participate in the survey.
75) Austria: plus 740 freelancers.
76) Austria: plus 357 freelancers.
77) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 243 out of 273.
78) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 223 out of 273.
79) Austria: units (which may comprise more than one museum): 190 out of 273.
80) Austria: Out of 427 units which reported on specialised staff.
81) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2019 is 760. However, 246 units did not participate in the survey.
82) Austria: plus 785 freelancers.
83) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 215 out of 252.
84) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 238 out of 252.
85) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 214out of 252.
86) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 180 out of 252.
87) Austria: Out of 348 units which reported on specialised staff.
88) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2020 is 762. However, 290 units did not participate in the survey.
89) Austria: plus 468 freelancers.
90) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 217 out of 238.
91) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 229 out of 238.
92) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 205 out of 238.
93) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 181 out of 238.
94) Austria: Out of 298 units which reported on specialised staff.
95) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2021 is 728. However, 218 units did not participate in the survey.
96) Austria: plus 683 freelancers.
97) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 213 out of 234.
98) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 222 out of 234.
99) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 197 out of 234.
100) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 192 out of 234.
101) Austria: Out of 249 units which reported on specialised staff.
102) Only museums registered by Ministry of Culture of Belarus
103) only museums registered by Ministry of Culture of Belarus
104) Belarus: Only museums registered by Ministry of Culture of Belarus
105) Belarus: data provided by Yanka Kupala State Literary Museum
106) In 2004, the Federal level + Brussels Museum Council + Flanders have sent out together a questionnaire to 254 museums. 201 museums (response rate of 80%) have sent in answers, but only 162 questionnaires (response rate 63%)could be used for the survey.
107) 132 answers, 87 museums more than 200 days open
108) 100 answers, 97 more than 5.000 visits
109) - Permanent collections: 3,57.- euros - Temporary collections: 4,50.- euros
110) 31 publications in Dutch, 12 in French, 2 in German, 10 in English and 3 in other languages
111) 6 publications in Dutch, 5 in French, 2 in German, 3 in English and 2 in other languages
112) Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself, cf page
113) Data are based mostly on the Register of Museums, Galleries and collections in RH. And include sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archæological sites…). The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings.
114) Estimation based on Statistical report for 2000 by the State Institute for Statistics
115) Data from Annual Reports for 2001
116) Estimation based on Annual Reports 2003
117) Estimation based on Statistical Report for 2001 by The State Institute for Statistics
118) Data are based mostly on the Register of Museums, Galleries and collections in RH and include sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archaeological sites, ...). The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings
119) Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself
120) Not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex/local history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have put only specialized art, archaeology and history museums
121) Estimation based on Statistical report for 2000 by State Institute of Statistics
122) Data from Annual Reports for 2001. All the museums open to public have free entrance for some categories of visitors (no museum-card is needed)
123) Estimation based on data from Museum Annual Reports for 2004 All the museums open to public have free entrance for some categories of visitors (no museum-card is needed)
124) Museums are funded by the Ministry of culture and local authorities and they are obliged to give financial reports to them. There is no institution that collects data on total income and expenditure(s) of all museums in Croatia.
125) Estimation based on Museum Annual Reports 2003
126) Estimation based on Museum Annual Reports 2005
127) Source: Central Bureau of Statistics – population – (estimation for 2004: 3.439.000 inhabitants); the figure refers to specialized staff only
128) Croatia: Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
129) Croatia: The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archaeological sites...)
130) Croatia: category not applicable; most of the "other" museums are complex/local or regional history museums which can be included in this category where are enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
131) Croatia: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
132) Croatia: category not applicable; most these museums are complex/local or regional history museums which can be included in this category where are enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
133) Croatia: in the category "Ownership" are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field.
134) Croatia: in the category "Management" are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field.
135) Croatia: Source: Statistical Information published by the Central Bureau of Statistics, 2006
136) Croatia: Source: First Releases - Education, Research And Development, Culture And Social Welfare, 2007 (research 2006)
137) Croatia: estimation (some museums are connected to local authorities portals, some on tourist boards portals, some on zhe Ministry of Culture portal etc.)
138) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2006
139) Croatia: the figure regarding total number of specialised staff would be 21,64
140) Croatia: estimation
141) Croatia: source: MDC - 25th exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2006.
142) Croatia: available data for 85 (of 222 museums) - price for adults.
143) Croatia: estimation; all the museums have free entrance for some categories of visitors
144) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2007 (include data by 145 museums)
145) Croatia: the figure is equivalent of the number of museums with at least 1 employee
146) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2007 (include data regarding visits for 140 sites - the real average is 18.312)
147) Croatia: the figure regarding total number of specialized staff is 21,64.
148) Croatia: source: MDC - 26th exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2007.
149) Croatia: Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
150) Croatia: The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archæological sites…).
151) Categories 2b, 2c and 2d, especially 2c in Croatia are not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex /local or regional history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
152) Croatia: in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites.
153) Croatia: in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
154) Croatia: in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites.
155) Croatia: in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
156) Croatia: the data refer to FTES
157) Croatia: the number refers to number of museums – no. of volunteers is estimation
158) Croatia: available data for 124 museums; the price refers to the price paid by an adult person (prices for children and students are usually 50% of regular price)
159) Croatia: the number refers to the museums that have free entrance for all visitors; all the museums have free entrance for some categories of visitors
160) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data by 133 museums i.e. sites)
161) Croatia: Museums are funded by the Ministry of Culture (which data are available) and local authorities; they are obliged to give financial reports to them. There is no institution that collects data on total income and expenditure of all museums in Croatia.
162) Croatia: the figure is equivalent of the number of museums with at least 1 professional (<20)
163) Croatia: 17 museums are connected to a regional museum association portal, 4 on tourist boards portals, 4 on Croatian Accademy of Arts and Sciences portal, 13 on local authorities portal, 8 on other portals
164) Croatia: estimation based on MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data by 124 museums i.e. 133 sites)
165) Croatia: source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2009: 4.430,000
166) Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data regarding visits for 116 sites – the real average is 20.298)
167) Croatia: source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2009: 4.430,000; the figure referes to specialised staff only; the figure regarding total number of staff would be 35,9
168) Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data for 133 sites)
169) Croatia: source: MDC – 28th exhibition of publication activitiy by Croatian museums and galleries – catalogue, 2009
170) data from 2008
171) Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
172) The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archæological sites…).
173) Categories 2b, 2c and 2d, especially 2c in Croatia are not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex /local or regional history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
174) in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites.
175) in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
176) in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites
177) in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
178) Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
179) Source: MDC, table - number of visits to croatian museums and galleries, 2014.
180) museums which have access to the internet (e-mail)
181) estimation based on MDC - Museum annual reports 2014 (include data by 131 museum for 167 sites)
182) source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2011: 4.284,889
183) source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2011: 4.284,88
184) the figure refers to specialised staff only; the figure regarding total number of staff would be 39
185) Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2014 (include data by 131 museum for 167 sites)
186) source: MDC - 33rd exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2014.
187) Data collected for 2004 by the Statistics Denmark Jan-March 2005. Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 258 museums. Of these 258 are 147 approved by the state and the rest are associated members of a county museum advisory board. Museums in Denmark are divided into four categories with regard to their main area of collecting: cultural history (including technological museums), art museums, museums of natural history and other. So, the numbers of museums in this questionnaire concerning the different categories are not comparable but adjusted to the purpose.
188) Finland: The Finnish museum statistics cover the professionally-run museums only (total of 921 museums in 1995 (Statistics Finland: Cultural Statistics 1999)
189) The annual museum statistics cover 317 museum sites including 162 professionally-run museums
190) Finland: The 2002 annual museum statistics cover 162 professionally-run museums. All museum sites maintained by these museums are included.
191) Finland: Permanent full-time employees.
192) Finland: All professionnally-run museums have at least one computer but not all museum sites
193) Finland: Large public investments not included
194) Finland: Investments not included
195) Finland: The Finnish museum statistics cover 162 professionally-run museums responsible for 317 museum sites
196) The annual museum statistics cover 328 museum sites including 165 professionally-run museums
197) Finland: The 2005 annual museum statistics cover 165 professionally-run museums. All museum sites maintained by these museums are included.
198) All professionally-run museums (165) but not all museum sites have at least one computer
199) Finland: The 2006 annual museum statistics cover 163 professionally-run museums. All museum sites maintained by these museums are included.
200) Finland: Admission fee for the main site of a museum
201) Finland: included in the ordinary expenditure
202) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (165), not as museum sites
203) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditure
204) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (164) not as a museum site
205) Finland: included in the ordinary expenditures
206) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (157), not as museum sites
207) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (158), not as museum sites.
208) Finland: The statistics cover 156 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 325 museum sites.
209) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum.
210) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditures.
211) Finland: Answers by administrative units (156), not by museum sites.
212) Finland: Answers by museum sites.
213) Finland: Answers by administrative units.
214) Finland: Data from national source.
215) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 325 museum sites
216) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum
217) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
218) Finland: Answers by museum sites
219) Finland: Answers by administrative units
220) Finland: concerns year 2011
221) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 322 museum sites
222) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditures
223) Answers by administrative units (150)
224) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
225) Finland: Answers by museum sites
226) Finland: Answers by administrative units
227) Finland: refers to year 2014
228) The statistics cover 152 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 327 museum sites
229) Admission fees for the main site of a museum
230) Included in the ordinary expenditures
231) Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
232) Answers by administrative units (152), not by museum sites
233) Answers by museum sites
234) Answers by administrative units
235) The statistics cover 150 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 331 museum sites
236) Answers by museum sites (331)
237) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 326 museum sites.
238) Finland: Answers by museum sites (326)
239) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum
240) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154)
241) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 323 museum sites.
242) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 323 museum sites
243) Finland: Answers by museum sites (323)
244) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum / Answers by administrative units (154)
245) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum / Answers by administrative units (154)
246) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 325 museum sites.
247) Finland: Answers by museum sites (325)
248) Finland: Answers by museum sites (325)
249) Finland: The statistics cover 153 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 327 museum sites.
250) Finland: Answers by museum sites (327).
251) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum.
252) Finland: Answers by administrative units (153).
253) Finland Answers by museum sites (326).
254) Finland: Answers by museum sites (326).
255) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum. Answers by administrative units (150).
256) Finland: Answers by administrative units (150).
257) Finland: The statistics cover 150 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 326 museum sites.
258) Finland: Answers by museum sites (328)
259) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum. Answers by administrative units (151)
260) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum. Answers by administrative units (151)
261) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum. Answers by administrative units (151)
262) Finland: Answers by administrative units (151)
263) Finland: The statistics cover 151 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 326 museum sites.
264) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum. Answers by administrative units (151).
265) Finland: Answers by administrative units (151).
266) France: Only museums registered by the French Ministry of Culture
267) Only museums that have obtained the appellation "musées de France" according to the law. All the following figures are estimations based on 2003 national museum survey. It covers museums opened during the year 2003
268) These figures contain double accounting (museums which have declared that their collection covered 2 or 3 different main type of collection)
269) Ownership of the collections. These figures only concern the respondants of the survey
270) Other public management = public establishments. These figures onéy concern the respondents of the survey
271) Museums which have an electronic inventory
272) For the entire table: All the following figures are estimations based on 2003 national museum survey.
273) France: Musées ayant l'appellation "Musée de France".
274) France: Associations et Fondations.
275) France: sur 1,012 ouverts à la visite.
276) France: 25 sur 691 réponses.
277) France: 338 sur 691 réponses.
278) france: 211 sur 691 réponses.
279) France: environ 117.
280) France: 504 sur 870 répondants.
281) France: 661 sur 854 réponses.
282) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
283) Estimation (Materialien 57)
284) Public expenditures for non-scientific museums, collections and exhibitions in 2000. Source: Kulturfinanzbericht 2000, Wiesbaden: Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder, 2001, p. 45.
285) Data from 1998
286) In 1999; in 1998: 827
287) In 1997
288) In 1999
289) Details cf page
290) The number given here represents solely the State Archæological and Byzantine Museums, which were in operation in 2002.
291) In the category “Archæological Museums” belong all the museums holding a) collections of prehistoric and classical antiquities (Archæological Museums ) and b) Byzantine collections (Byzantine Mseums). Regarding the other categories of State Museums, see foot-note no 11.
292) In principle, all the Archaeological Museums operate on a permanent basis; there are, however, few museums that remain closed for long period of time due to extensive works of refurbishment or structural problems in their building (e.g. Museum of Thasos, of Philippoi). We also note that in 2002-2003, nine archaeological museums closed temporarily, for longer or shorter periods of time (National Archaeological Museum, Museums of Delphi, Olympia, Volos, Ioannina, Thessaloniki, Kerameikos, Nafplion, Lemnos) for refurbishment, extensions, redisplay which have to be completed by June 2004.All the Byzantine Museums and Collections operate on a permanent basis, except the Prosphorion Tower at Ouranoupoli of Chalkidiki, and the Collection of Icons and Relics at Pyrgos (Thera), which are open only during
293) 1.943.549 + 2.116.401 ( 13 for Museums located within Archaeological sites)
294) The free admissions are not counted in the major archaeological site & museum of Acropolis; therefore, it is not possible to estimate the total number of free admissions in the Archaeological Museums of Greece, as Acropolis is a very important museum to be disregarded in the final gathering of the data. Thus, you must take into account that the number of free admissions, as presented in this questionnaire, does not provide the whole picture.
295) 789.191 + 318.522 ( 12 for Museums located within Archaeological sites)
296) provisional or estimated statistical information
297) This number corresponds to the number of all tickets (full, reduced and free admission), issued in 86 Archaeological & Byzantine Museums in 2002. The data for 13 major Archaeological Museums and Byzantine Collections located within archaeological sites and monuments (the Acropolis Museum, the Museum of Ancient Agora, of Vravrona, of Eleusina, of Kerameikos, of Ancient Corinth, of Ancient Nemea, of Delos, of Vergina and Epidaurus, Byzantine Collection in the Castle of Corfu, Byzantine Collection in the Osios Loukas Monastery, Mystras Museum), are counted separately. This means that the number reflects the number of visitors visited the sites and possibly also the museums located within them. The number of visitors for 5 Byzantine Museums, where the admission is free, cannot be estimated with certainty, for these museums are not included in the Lists of the Archaeological Receipts Fund.
298) This number does not take into account the free admissions in museums located in archaeological sites. Therefore, it cannot be but an estimate of the total % of free admissions.
299) The structure of the Regional Services is such that it does not allow a straightforward account of the number of professionals, by category of occupation and specialization, for the scientific staff is entrusted both with field (archaeological excavation) and museum work.
300) According to the data collected for the year 2000.
301) If we exclude the eight (8) museums operating as separate Regional Units/Services, then the administrative structure of all other museums is the one of the Regional Services they belong to.
302) The web sites of the Greek Archaeological & Byzantine Museums are presented and managed through the main server of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture “OΔΥΣΣΕΑΣ» (www.culture.gr).
303) People with disabilities.
304) The museum definition suggested by the Working Group is a more general one, but still essentially in agreement with the respective provisions of the Greek Law, according to which, a museum is defined as “a service or an organization of non-profit character , with or without legal personality, which acquires, accepts, safeguards, conserves, records, documents, researches, interprets and primarily exhibits and promotes to the public collections of archaeological, artistic, ethnological or other material evidence of people and their environment, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment. As museums may also be considered services or organizations with similar objectives and functions, such as open-air museums”
305) The number given here represents solely the State Archeological Museums and Collections and includes 25 museums which were temporarily closed during 2005, due to works of extension, refurbishment etc.
306) Of which 147 were open 200 days and more in 2005
307) Total number of visits to 105 State Archaeological Museums & Collections, out of 151 in operation in 2005
308) Number of free admissions to 105 State Archaeological Museums & Collections, out of 151 in operation during 2005. Please note that free admissions are not counted at the major archaeological site & museum of the Acropolis, which is a very important museum to be disregarded in the final gathering of data; so the number of free admissions presented here, cannot be but an estimate.
309) With the exception of 8 museums which operate independently from the Ephorates of Antiquities, all other Archaeological Museums make use of the electronic facilities of the Ephorates they belong to.
310) The web sites of the Greek Archaeological & Byzantine Museums are presented and managed through the main server of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture “OΔΥΣΣΕΑΣ” (www.culture.gr)
311) People with disabilities
312) Greece: The museum definition suggested by the working group is a more general one, but still essentially in agreement with the respective provisions of the Greek Kaw, according to which, a museum is defined as "a service or an organisation of non-profit character, with or without legal personality, which acquires, accepts, safeguards, conserves, records, documents, researches, interprets and primarily exhibits and promotes to the public collections of archaeological, artistic, ethnological or other material evidence of people and their environment, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment. As museums may also be considered services or organisations with similar objectives and functions, such as open-air-museums".
313) Greece: Data available only for State Archaeological Museums and Collections; the number given here includes 25 museums that were temporarily closed during 2007, due to works of extension, refurnishment, etc
314) greece: Of which 146 were open 200 days and more in 2007.
315) Greece: Total number of visits to 104 State Archaeological Museums and Collections, out of 151 in operation during 2007.
316) Greece: Free admissions to 104 State Archaeological Museums and Collections, out of 151 in opetation during 2007. Free admissions to the major site and museum of the Acropolis of Athens are not counted; therefore the number given cannot be but an estimation.
317) Greece: With the exception of 8 Museums which operate independently from the Ephorates of Antiquities, all other Archaeological Museums make use of the electronic facilities of the Ephorates they belong to.
318) Greece: The web sites of all State Archaeological Museums and Collections are presented and managed through the main server of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture Culture “OΔΥΣΣΕYΣ” (http://odysseus.culture.gr)
319) On the basis of the Act 140. of 1997: “On the protection of Cultural goods, Museum Institutions, Libraries and Archives”: 1. A museum is a museum institution consisting of on scientifically arranged collection of cultural goods. 2. The task of a museum is to continuously collect, register, preserve and restore a certain form of cultural goods and to scientifically research, publish and display such at exhibitions and in other manners. Cultural goods: any outstanding, characteristic products of the creation and development of animate and inanimate nature, humanity, the Hungarian nation and the history of the people of Hungary, be they in the form of physical objects, images, written documents or in any other form (audio, multimedia documents) as well as works of art. Museum institution: museums, museum collections of public interest and museum exhibition sites of public interest.
320) The definition currently being applied by the museum sector is the definition devised by the sector for the purposes of developing a national museum policy framework. This framework was developed by the Heritage Council in consultation with the sector. The definition is follows: “Museums are not for profit institutions that collect, safeguard, hold in trust, research, develop and interpret collections of original objects and original objects on loan, for the public benefit. They function publicly as places where people learn from and find inspiration and enjoyment through the display and research of original objects
321) National museums, specialised museums with national collection scope, county, district, thematic museums, exhibitions sites. Licence is given by the Ministry of Cultural Heritage.
322) permanent exhibitions of the national museums
323) Hungary: museums and sites of museum nature must have a license of operation to be considered a museum institution and only these are included in the statistics
324) Hungary: including church museums
325) Hungary: estimation
326) Hungary: www.museum.hu
327) Hungary: in 2003, Gallup (http://ec.europa.eu/culture/pdf/doc973_en.pdf
328) Hungary: break in time series
329) Hungary: data concern year 2011
330) The National Museum of Ireland is under the ægis of the Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism and regularly advises the Minister concerning museum issues. The Director of the National Museum of Ireland has a comprehensive range of legal powers and functions under Statute law which are relevant to museum operation in Ireland. There is statutory provision for the designation of museums in the ownership and control of local authorities under the terms of the National Cultural Institutions Act 1997. Curators may also be designed to carry out certain functions of the Director of the National Museum under the terms of the National Monuments Acts 1930 to 1994. The representative body for the museum sector in Ireland id the Irish Museums Association. The Museums and Archives Committee of the Heritage Council is (the only body) charged with proposing policy, providing advice and providing grant aid and funding to the sector. The Council of National Cultural Institutions is a recent formed body (1997) which includes the Heritage Council, The national Museums, The National Gallery, The Arts Council, The Irish Museum of Modern Art and two others. The Local Authority Curators Group represents museum curators in this particular sector of the museum profession. The Designated Museums Liaison Committee meets regularly to provide dialogue and exchange of ideas and information between designated museums, the National Museum of Ireland and the Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism.
331) Referring to criteria sub 1a)
332) Number of full-staff is 1.724 including full-time, part-time, community employment schemes and voluntary workers.
333) The definition currently being applied by the museum sector is the definition devised by the sector for the purposes of developing a national museum policy framework. This framework was developed by the Heritage Council in consultation with the sector. The definition is follows: “Museums are not for profit institutions that collect, safeguard, hold in trust, research, develop and interpret collections of original objects and original objects on loan, for the public benefit. They function publicly as places where people learn from and find inspiration and enjoyment through the display and research of original objects.
334) The National Museum of Ireland is under the ægis of the Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism and regularly advises the Minister concerning national museum issues. The Director of the National Museum of Ireland has a comprehensive range of legal powers and functions under Statute law which are relevant to the national museum’s operation in Ireland. There is statutory provision for the designation of museums in the ownership and control of local authorities under the terms of the National Cultural Institutions Act 1997. Curators may also be designed to carry out certain functions of the Director of the National Museum under the terms of the National Monuments Acts 1930 to 1994. The representative body for the museum sector in Ireland is the Irish Museums Association. The Heritage Council is (the only body) charged with proposing policy advice, providing advice and providing small-scale grant aid and funding to the sector. It operates an accreditation programme for Irish museums under its Museums Standards Programme: www.museumsireland.ie The Council of National Cultural Institutions was established in 1997 and includes the Heritage Council, The National Museum, The National Gallery, The Arts Council, The Irish Museum of Modern Art and the Crawford Arts Gallery (Cork) and the Chester Beatty Library, the National Theatre, National Concert Hall and National Library. The Local Authority Curators Group represents museum curators in this particular sector of the museum profession.
335) Number of full-staff is 1.724 including full-time, part-time, community employment schemes and voluntary workers
336) 118 museums responded to and participated in the survey.
337) The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2003, there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 75 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price.
338) The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only the State-owned museums existing on Italian territory in 2003 (of which 400 opened)
339) 4 Museum cards equal to 10 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
340) 4 Museum cards equal to 8 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
341) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2003, there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 75 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price.
342) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the museums managed by the State (400 opened museums in total).
343) Istat 2002 (Citizens and Leisure). Visits to museums and galleries in own country at least once during the last 12 months. Population: 6 years and older.
344) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only the State-owned museums existing on Italian territory in 2005 (of which 402 opened).
345) Italy: 4 Museum cards equal to 12 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
346) Italy: 4 Museum cards equal to 13 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
347) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2005 there are 34 circuits of museums, equal to 70 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
348) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the 402 museums opened.
349) Italy: Data on 402 state-owned museums (managed directly by the Ministry) are collected every year by the Ministry of Culture. Data on 4.340 other public and private museums are collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics.
350) Italy: 402 State-owned museums and 2.383 other public and private museums, includes archaeological sites, churches, historical buildings (villas, castles) and musealized historical gardens and monuments.
351) Italy: includes monuments of civil and industrial architecture ( 0 State-owned museums and 1.071) other public and private museums
352) Italy: includes mausoleums, memorials ( of which 0 State-owned museums and 886 other public and private museums).
353) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 79 other public and private museums
354) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.158 other public and private museums
355) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 321 other public and private museums
356) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 1.782 other public and private museums
357) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 373 other public and private museums
358) Italy: of which 398 State-owned museums and 68 other public and private museums
359) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 1.518 other public and private museums
360) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 360 other public and private museums
361) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 2.385 other public and private museums
362) Italy: of which 1 State-owned museums and 26 other public and private museums
363) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.348 other public and private museums
364) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 1.992 other public and private museums
365) Italy: of which 34.574.591 visits in State-owned museums and 62.701.994 visits in other public and private museums
366) Italy: of which 18.110.074 free admissions in State-owned museums and 27.139.149 free admissions in other public and private museums
367) Italy: of which 52,4% free admissions in State-owned museums and 43,3% of free admissions in other public and private museums
368) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not avaialble.
369) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not available.
370) Italy: of which 184 State-owned museums with free entrance and 2.462 other public and private museums with free entrance.
371) The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2006 there are 35 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
372) Italy:of which 69 State-owned museums with museum card and 1.137 other public and private museums with museum card. For State-owned Museums, 2008 data.
373) The value concerns the gross-income of the 402 opened museums.
374) Italy: of which 104.411.477 entry fees related to State-owned museums and 149.302.875 entry fees related to other public and private museums
375) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 658 other public and private museums
376) Italy: 58.471 related to State-owned museums and 106.039 related to other public and private museums
377) Italy: 27.844 related to State-owned museums and 60.142 related to other public and private museums
378) Italy: 86.006 related to State-owned museums and 14.447 related to other public and private museums
379) Italy: of which 395 State-owned museums and 2.481 other public and private museums
380) Italy: of which 275 State-owned museums and 1.226 other public and private museums
381) Italy: for State-owned museums 9 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 55 museums are necessary.
382) Italy: for State-owned museums 32 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 276 museums are necessary.
383) The number includes also the Circuits.
384) Italy: State-owned museums only.
385) Italy: Source: Multipurpose survey on households: aspects of daily life, the Italian National Institute of Statistics
386) concerns Year 2005
387) Italy: The data (visits and incomes) of the whole table, collected by the Ministry of Culture, Heritage and Activities, concern only the State-owned opened museums (n. 400) existing on Italian territory in 2007.
388) Italy: 5 museums with no applied fees are included.
389) Italy: 4 museum cards equal to 12 museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in)).
390) Italy: 7 museum cards equal to 20 museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in)).
391) Italy: the value concerns the number with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2007 there are 35 circuits of museums, equal to 73 museums. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
392) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the 400 opened museums.
393) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits.
394) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2008 (of which 400 opended)
395) Italy: 9 museum cards included
396) Italy: 24 museum cards included
397) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2008 there are 33 circuits of museums, equal to 69 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
398) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
399) Italy: concerns year 2007
400) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2009 (of which 423 opened)
401) Italy: 10 in 2008 and 2009 and 9 in 2010 museum cards included
402) Italy:23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
403) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2009 there are 34 circuits of museums, equal to 71 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
404) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
405) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2010 (of which 424 opened)
406) Italy: Please note that, at the Pantheon, to free admission, was adopted from April 2010, a sample detection method that has provided more inflows than the previous one, based on the attendance register.
407) Italy: 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
408) Italy: 23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
409) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2010 there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
410) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
411) Italy: Data on state-owned museums (managed directly by the Ministry) are collected every year by the Ministry of Culture. Data on other public and private museums are collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics
412) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2012 (of which 433 opened)
413) 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
414) Italy: 7 museum cards included in 2012
415) Italy: 26 museum cards included in 2012
416) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
417) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums
418) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2013 (of which 431 opened)
419) Italy: 1 museum card included in 2013 (53 + 1)
420) Italy: 8 museum cards included in 2013 (100 + 8)
421) Italy: 25 museum cards included in 2013 (35 + 29)
422) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
423) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
424) Italy: Total museums and similar Institutions.
425) State and municipal museums.
426) 113.012 (in groups only)
427) 6,7% (in groups only)
428) Normal working hours in Latvia: 40 hours a week
429) 573 (with higher education)
430) There are no public museums with free entrance in Latvia. In many museums there are free entrance days (for all or for some categories of visitors) within the week or within the year.
431) There are currently no overarching categories used in the classification of museum collections – each museum defines their own categories according to the themes of their collection and their own traditions.
432) State and municipal museums
433) in groups only
434) with higher education
435) Latvia: 147.232 (in groups only)
436) Latvia: 6,1% (in groups only)
437) Latvia: 180.575 (in groups only)
438) Latvia: 7,1% (in groups only)
439) Latvia: 223.404 (in groups only)
440) Latvia: 8,5 % (in groups only)
441) Latvia: No KK sadaļas "Informācijas tehnoloģijas"
442) Latvia: 268.235 (in groups only)
443) Latvia: 9,0 % (in groups only)
444) Latvia: data source – The digital Cultural Map of Latvia www.kulturaskarte.lv
445) Latvia: 241,652 (in groups only)
446) Latvia: 7,4 % (in groups only)
447) Latvia: 273.393 (in groups only)
448) Latvia: 7,8 % (in groups only)
449) Latvia: 315.412 (in groups only)
450) Latvia: 348341 (visits in groups only)
451) Latvia: 9,3 % (visits in groups only)
452) Latvia: 368.839 (in groups only).
453) Latvia: 9,9 % (in groups only).
454) Latvia: 35.703 (in groups only).
455) Latvia: 2,1 % (in groups only).
456) Includes only scientific staff
457) Normal working hours in Luxembourg: 40 hours a week.
458) Data from 27 museums.
459) Data from 29 museums
460) Luxembourg: out of 39 museums having answered on the questionnaire
461) Out of 46 museums opened in 2006 and registered by the Ministry of Culture on the territory of the Grand-Duchy and having answered on the questionnaire
462) data from 24 museums
463) Luxembourg: out of 55 museums
464) Luxembourg: survey on cultural participation 2009
465) Luxembourg: Response rate 77,6%
466) Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 274 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2002.
467) 146 museums were opened 1.000 hours or more in 2002.
468) All 274 museums had at least 1 FTE, but profession is not registered.
469) National survay: population 9 – 79 years.
470) OECD figure 1999.
471) Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 188 museums that were open to the public and hat at least one full-time employee in 2005. These188 museums are administrative units that consist of several sites. The number of museums is decreasing due to the Norwegian museum’ reform where small museums are merged into larger units.
472) Norway: Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 175 museums that were open to the public and had ar least one full-time employee in 2007
473) Norway: Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 173 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2007
474) Norway: Only regular staff, number of persons
475) Norway: including archivist, educationalist, librarian, guides as well as staff with museum education.
476) Norway: 166 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2008
477) Norway: only regular staff, number of persons
478) Norway: including archivist, educationalist, librarian, guides as well as staff with museum education
479) Norway: 148 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2009
480) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librarians
481) Norway: Including archivist, educationalist, librarian, guides as well as staff with museum education
482) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2010.
483) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librians.
484) Norway: Excluding the director of the museum, but including archivists, educationalists, librarians, guides as well as staff with museum education.
485) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2011
486) Norway: includes museum directors, archivists and librarians
487) Norway: excluding the director of the museum, but including archivists, educationalists, librarians, guides as well as staff with museum education
488) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2012
489) Norway: Number of museums according to type of collection: Not asked 2012
490) Norway: based on ticket prices for adult visitors and exchange rate as of 31.12.2013 (source: http://www.norges-bank.no/en/price_stability/exchange-rates/eur/.)
491) Norway: Source for information on number of inhabitants in Norway: http://www.ssb.no/befolkning/statistikker/folkemengde/aar/2013-03-13#content
492) Norway: Total number of man-years per 100.000 inhabitants
493) Norway: 127 museums were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2013
494) Norway: Total number of FTEs per 100.000 inhabitants
495) Includes: Art, Archæology, History, Martyrdom.
496) Includes: Ethnography, Natural science, Technology, Regional.
497) Includes: Biography, Others.
498) Poland: according to the Polish law, state owned museums may be managed only by state.
499) Poland: own production includes exhibitions in spot (in the museum which has organized it) and in other venues.
500) Poland: joined production includes visiting exhibitions from native and foreign museums.
501) Definition: museums are non-profit organisational units whose aim is to gather and to permanently protect the natural and cultural heritage of both material and non-material character, as well as to provide information on the values and contents of collections, to popularise the fundamental values of history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity, and to provide access to their collections (The Act of 21 November 1996 on Museums). Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
502) 28820 (including people working on contracts and civil-law agreements)
503) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject. 13261 (including people working on contracts and civil-law agreements)
504) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject.
505) Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities. Exchange rate: 18.10.2016 r.
506) As there is no definition on education programme, number above refers to museums which conduct education lessons.
507) Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities. Exchange rate: 18.10.2016 r.
508) Definition: A museum is a non-profit organisational unit the aim of which is to collect and preserve natural and cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, to inform about the values and contents of its collections, to promote fundamental values of the Polish and world history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity and provide access to the collected holdings. (The Act on Museums of 21 November 1996) The term “museum” is not a protected designation in Poland. Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
509) Data: Ministry of Finance Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities.
510) Estimation made on the basis of results of Museum Statistics Project (conducted by National Institute for Museums and Public Collections). Data for 189 museums (without branches).
511) Source: Central Statistical Office of Poland
512) Poland: A museum is a non-profit organisational unit the aim of which is to collect and preserve natural and cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, to inform about the values and contents of its collections, to promote fundamental values of the Polish and world history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity and provide access to the collected holdings. (The Act on Museums of 21 November 1996) The term “museum” is not a protected designation in Poland. Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
513) Source: GUS
514) Portugal: 198 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
515) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE
516) Portugal: The number of visits is from the museums on national criteria
517) Portugal: The data on Paid Staff is from the museums on national criteria
518) Portugal: 226 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
519) Includes 16 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
520) Includes 16 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquariums
521) On national criterion..
522) On national criterion.
523) On national criteria, included 2.397.637 visitors from 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquatic gardens.
524) Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 10a and 10b enclose 492 and 117 employees in 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers ). 2.855 full-time and 285 part-time employees (column 10a) and 1.238 full-time and 112 part-time employees (column 10b)
525) On national criteria: included 3 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium.
526) On national criteria, enclosed 3 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
527) On national criteria, included 7 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium.
528) On national criteria. Number refers to museums having organized in 2001 specific activities with scholar public (185) and guided visits (220), enclosed 7 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium.
529) 0n national criteria. 5,4 including 16 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants).
530) 0n national criteria. 2,2 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants).
531) 0n national criteria. 59.466 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium and considering only paid staff (full- and part-time employees) (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants)
532) 0n national criteria. 27.249 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants)
533) 0n national criteria. 25,6 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants)
534) On national criteria, enclosed 13 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
535) On national criteria, enclosed 6 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
536) On national criteria, enclosed 10 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
537) On national criteria, enclosed 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
538) Portugal: 235 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
539) Portugal: 248 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
540) Portugal: 247 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
541) Portugal: Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 7a and 7b includes 493 and 142 employees in 11 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time.. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers and 1 dpecialized part-time worker) 3.292 full-time and 332 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.609 full-time and 98 part-time employees (column 7b).
542) Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 7a and 7b includes 493 and 142 employees in 11 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time.. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers and 1 dpecialized part-time worker) 3.292 full-time and 332 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.609 full-time and 98 part-time employees (column 7b).
543) Portugal: 269 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
544) The ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same
545) On national criteria, 269 museums are considered
546) Portugal: Data concerning FFE for part-time employers are not available. Based on national criteria (285 museums), data of columns 7a and 7b include 644 and 181 mostly full-time employees in 16 zoological gardens and aquarium (only 4 specialized and 3 non specialized part-part-workers). 3.580 full-time and 319 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.818 full-time and 97 part-time employees (column 7b).
547) On national criteria: it reports to the museums that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them
548) On national criteria: numbers refers to museums having organized in 2005 these specific activities and not the number of them
549) On national criteria (269 museums), 3.255 paid employees and 10.569.592 inhabitants in 2005
550) On national criteria
551) Portugal: 276 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
552) include 21 zoological, botanic gardens and aquarium
553) Include 21 zoological, botanic gardens and aquarium
554) Portugal 2006: on national criteria, 291 museums are considered. Included 2.558.516 visitors from 15 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquatic gardens.
555) Portugal: includes 637 from 15 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium.
556) Portugal: includes 187 from 15 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium.
557) 291 museums are considered, included 7 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium. It reports to the museums that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
558) Included 15 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
559) Population 2006: 10.584.344 inhabitants
560) Included 19 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
561) Included 3 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
562) Included 8 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
563) Included 18 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
564) Included 13 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
565) Portugal: 275 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
566) Portugal: some Museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and other Museums have free and paid entrances.
567) Portugal: 605 questionnaires had been sent out. 597 questionnaires had been returned. 592 museums had an activity in 2008. Museums that had answered to the INE
568) Portugal: 321 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
569) Portugal: museums that had answered the INE. Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permantly or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least, one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory
570) Portugal: estimated information from total museums. In Portugal the ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same.
571) Portugal: estimated information from total museums
572) Portugal: In Portugal the ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same.
573) Portugal: The number of visits are from the museums on national criteria.
574) Portugal: The Paid Staff are from the museums on national criteria.
575) Portugal: It reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
576) Portugal: It reports to the museums on national criteria (data collected every 3 years).
577) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme.
578) Portugal: only considered the Visits on national criteria Museums.
579) Portugal: On national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff (data collected every 3 years).
580) Portugal: 343 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
581) Portugal: some Museums have only free entrance and other Museums have free and paid entrances.
582) Portugal: Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: a) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; b) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; c) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician); d) existence of budget and e) existence of inventory.
583) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE.
584) Portugal: The paid staff are from the museums on national criteria.
585) Portugal: some museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and payed entrances.
586) Portugal: it reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
587) Portugal: it reports to the museums on national criteria.
588) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education program.
589) Portugal: only considered the visits on national criteria museums.
590) Portugal: on national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff (data collected every 3 years).
591) Portugal: Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: . 1. existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2. opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3.museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician); 4. existence of budget and 5. existence of inventory
592) Portugal: The number of visits are from the museum on national criteria.
593) Portugal: some museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and paid entrances.
594) Portugal: It reports to the museums on national criteria.
595) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria with at least one special museum education program.
596) Portugal: on national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialised staff.
597) Portugal: data collected every 3 years.
598) Portgal: data collected every 3 years.
599) Portugal: 680 museums
600) Portugal: 430 museums
601) Portugal: The Number of Visits are from the museums on national criteria.
602) Portugal: The Paid Staff are from the museums on national criteria.
603) Portugal: Some Museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and payed entrances.
604) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme
605) Portugal: Only considered the Visits On national criteria Museums.
606) On national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff.
607) It represents the total number of exhibitions organized in museums in Romania in 2002. There are no specific data concerning the period of time for which the exhibitions were organized.
608) Romania had a general census on the 18th of March, 2002. The data of this chapter refers to those considered at the 1st of July, 2002. However, the number of museums, visits and staff was by the end of the year. Concerning staff, only the specialized staff was considered.
609) According to the statistics museal collections and museum from Romania, held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC - Institute for Culture Memory
610) Romania: forecast
611) According to the statistics museal collections and museum from Romania, held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC- Institute for Culture Memory
612) include: Art, history, numismatics, archaeology, memorials, rare books, military history
613) include: Science and technology, ethnography
614) include: Local rural collections, Natural Sciences
615) according to the information received from 109 institutions until 2007 (03.03.2008); other source: total number of visits: 5.053.996
616) According to the information received from 96 institutions between 2003 – 2006 (16.10.2006)
617) according to the information received from 109 museums until 2007 (03.03.2008)
618) museums have received for free from cIMeC the software application for recording the cultural movable heritage DOCPAT (Programme financed by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs)
619) Museums that have received the software application for recording the cultural movable heritage DOCPAT (Programme financed by Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs)
620) according to the statistics for collections and museums held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC - Institute for Culture Memory
621) According to the information received from 96 institutions between 2003 – 2006 (16.10.2006)
622) Romania had a general census on the 18th of March, 2002. The data of this chapter refers to those considered at the 1st of July, 2002. However, the number of museums visits and staff was by the end of the year. Concerning staff, only the specialized staff was considered
623) Only the specialized staff is considered
624) according to informations received from 109 institutions between 2003 - 2007 (03.03.2008)
625) From "Romania by figures issued by the National Institute of Statistics", 1 July 2005, population density in 2002
626) Figures issued by the National Institute of Statistics, June 2005
627) Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 115/1998 Code of Acts
628) According to National criteria: 125
629) According to National criteria: 126
630) Slovak Republic: The definition of the museum in the Slovak Republic used by members of the museum profession is identical with that defined by ICOM. Moreover, the Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 206/2009 of the Code defines the museum in Article 2, Section 5 as follows: „The museum is a specialised corporate entity or an organisational body of the corporate entity, which based on its exploration and scientific research, acquires objects of cultural value, which it professionally manages as a collection items. These items are scientifically researched and make available to the public especially for the purposes of study, cognition, education and aesthetic experience through specific means of museum communication.“ In Slovakia there are museums and museum facilities. Museum facility by law is "A museum facility or gallery facility is a specialized legal entity or an organizational unit of a legal entity or a specialized facility that acquires objects of cultural value and makes them available to the public for the purpose of knowledge and aesthetic experience through specific means of museum presentation or gallery presentation." It´s like lower grade of museums, they have to present cultural objects, but they don´t need to do for example scietific research. In this statistics are information only about museums and galleries from Register of Museums anf Galleries of Slovak Republic.
631) Slovak Republic: In statistics in Slovakia museums and galleries are two separate groups, inspite of for both groups one law is mandatory. There are 94 museums registered in the Register of Museums and Galleries of the Slovak Republic, but National Slovak Museum has 18 specialized museums, which are reported separately in the statistics. That´s why here is the number of the museums 112 plus 25 galeries.
632) Slovak Republic: Categories 2b, 2c and 2d, especially 2c in Slovakia are not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex/local or regional history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
633) The data includes 10 national museums and 38 other museums.
634) The data includes 91 management/administration staff, 278 curators and 162 technicians.
635) This data does not include 582.000.- for individual projects, 409.000.- purchase for museum objects and 15.000.000.- for salary. The estimate budget of 15.000.000.- constitute approx. 15% of the whole budget.
636) In 2006, of the 177 museums, museum collections, exhibition grounds and galleries that transmitted data on their activity 46 were museums (26% of all museums and exhibition organizations), 28 were museum collections (15,8%), 3 were special museums for art heritage (1,7%), 64 were exhibitions grounds and galleries (36,2%) and the rest (20,3%) were other types of museums and exhibition grounds.
637) Slovenia: In 2015-2016 Statistical Office of Republic of Slovenia underwent a revision of cultural statistics, which introduced a new methodology for collection of statistics in this field. Therefore, the data from 2016 onwards are incomparable with the data up to 2015. In this context, a backward revision of the data (up to 2004) was also carried out.
638) Spain: Definition National criteria. Both for-profit and non-for-profit institutions are considered. Museum Collections are included. See Spain National Report. February 2023 for further details.
639) Spain. Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2002-2003. Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. Spain.
640) Spain. Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2006-2007. Ministry of Culture. Spain.
641) Spain. Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2010-2011. Ministry of Culture. Spain.
642) Spain. Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2014-2015.Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. Spain.
643) Spain. Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2018-2019. Ministry of Culture and Sport. Spain.
644) All museums subsidized by the central government are managed by a Board of Trustees.
645) Data from 2000.
646) Change of definition. Now only visitors that go into the exhibitions.
647) Only some of the state-owned museums answer the questions about fees. The rest of the museums do not get the questions.
648) The Netherlands: of which 565 professionally-run museums.
649) The Netherlands: 25 museums are subsidited by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property. 45 museums are dependant on state subsidies for at least 50% of their income.
650) The Netherlands: Municipal and provincial museums. The collections as well as the buildings of these museums are state, municipal or provincial property.
651) The Nertherlands: including a number of provincial museums.
652) The Netherlands: Including all museums subsidized by the central government.
653) The Netherlands: 1.725 temporary exhibitions were organized in the museums themselves; 346 in another venue in The Netherlands; 64 abroard.
654) The Netherlands: including the income from museum card.
655) The Netherlands: This is the total number of museums with or without an own website offering information on the Internet museum portals included.
656) The Netherlands: All museums with own website are connected to a museum portal.
657) The Netherlands: For FTE's of paid staff.
658) Of which 565 professionally-run museums.
659) Approximately 25 museums are subsidized by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property.
660) Municipal and provincial museums. The collections as well as the buildings of these museums are state, municipal or provincial property
661) Including a number of provincial museums.
662) 1.725 temporary exhibitions were organized in the museums themselves; 346 in another venue in The Netherlands; 64 abroad.
663) Including the income from museum card: 4.980.000.-€
664) All 515 museums with own website are connected to a museum portal.
665) For FTE’s of paid staff.
666) 8 biggest museums attract 25% of total visits.
667) 2,24 (adults) / 1,47 (children)
668) The Netherlands: Approximately 25 museums are subsidized by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property.
669) Netherlands: Approximately 25 museums are subsidized by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property.
670) Netherlands: this question is no longer asked because all museums are supposed to use computers, access to internet and websites
671) The Netherlands: ICOM-definition.
672) The answers provided below have been taken from the Digest of Museum Statistics or DOMUS. DOMUS is both a questionnaire and a database which contains data on over 1.700 museums in the Registration Scheme that was run by the Museums & Galleries Commission (NGC). Questionnaires were sent annually to museums within the UK between 1994 and 1999. The museum population, to which the questionnaires were sent, consisted mostly of those museums applying or having applied to join the Registration Scheme. Questions asked ranged from contact details, plans and policies, collections held, opening periods and times, staff numbers, facilities to number of visits. Answers were entered onto the DOMUS database held at the Museums & Galleries Commission. In 2000 MGC was dissolved and Resource “The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries” was created. The database is currently held by Resource. For 2005, the total number of museums is 1.984.
673) Total number of visits to 1.182 responding museums.
674) This figure is the actual number of staff and includes permanent, temporary and freelance staff.
675) The figure for FTE staff is for permanent and temporary staff.
676) The question asked in DOMUS is the charge for entering the core collection. Therefore, figures given as the answers to column 8 are the number of museums asking for an admission fee to the core collection.
677) The figure given is the number for museums that indicated having a temporary exhibition program.
678) There was a considerable amount of data collected on IT in Museums. However, much of the data do not tie-up with the wording of the columns. For more details of the use of computer in museums, contact Resource.
679) This is the number of museums open for more months a year.
680) United Kingdom: The only data concerning year 2005, all the other data concern year 1999
681) United Kingdom: This figure concerns year 2010
682) Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
683) Czech Republic: Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
684) Czech Republic: Estimation
685) Czech Republic: Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
686) Czech Republic: Estimation
687) Czech Republic: density on 1.1.2007
688) Czech Republic: concerns year 2008
689) Including zoos and botanical gardens
690) This data is generated by the statistics of 514 museums who gave us this - not required - data
691) This information is only given by 514 museums. The total of their visits count 25% as free entrances
692) Switzerland: Including zoos and botanical gardens.
693) Switzerland: data generated by 669 museums.
694) Switzerland: data generated by 528 museums.
695) Including zoos and botanical gardens
696) Data generated by 869 museums
697) Switzerland: +/- 392617
698) Switzerland: +/-63
699) Switzerland: +/-349
700) Switzerland: +/-379132
701) Switzerland: +/-336
702) Switzerland: +/- 454928
703) Switzerland: +/-68
704) Switzerland: +/-403
705) Switzerland: +/- 148070
706) Switzerland: +/-55
707) Switzerland: +/-131
708) Switzerland: +/- 150501
709) Switzerland: +/-133
710) Switzerland: +/- 143112
711) Switzerland: +/-51
712) Switzerland: +/-136
713) Switzerland: +/- 168637
714) Switzerland: +/- 396
715) Switzerland: +/- 219
716) Switzerland: +/- 526
717) Switzerland: +/-60
718) Switzerland: +/-156
719) Republic of Macedonia, State Statistical Office - Museums and museum collections, 2006
720) The number includes the ethnology museums, too. (The statistical report refers only to the type of the museums by the founder).
721) Macedonia: The permanent collections in the museums in Macedonia are 100% state-owned.
722) Macedonia: 2005 Annual Report of the Ministry of Culture
723) Macedonia: Republic of Macedonia: State Statistical Office: Museums and museum collections, 2009
724) Macedonia: The number includes the ethnology museums, too (the statistical report refers only to the type of the museums by the founder).
725) Macedonia: The number of visits in 2009 is nearly 6 times bigger than in 2006 and should be taken with precaution.
726) Macedonia: including the National Cinemateque
727) Estonia: Adult Education Survey 2007
728) Estonia: Time Use Survey 2009 - 2010. Number is for 2 years
729) Estonia: Adult Education Survey 2011
730) Bulgaria: The 2010 annual museum statistics cover 201 professionally-run museums, whose collections are movables cultural values - without museum sites whose collections are with public importance.
731) Bulgaria: Other public museum is understood here as a museum run by a foundation or association.
732) Bulgaria: data concerns 2011
733) Serbia: There are 152 in total, but 141 completed the form and were included in the analysis.
734) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (art) 2. Special (socio-historical)
735) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (economic - technical) 2. Special (natural history)
736) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: Complex museums
737) Serbia: There are still 152 museums in total as in 2016. Compared to data from 2016, there are additional three museums opened to public and included in this analysis.
738) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Speciial (art) 2. Special (socio-historical)
739) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (economic - technical) 2. Special (natural history)
740) Serbia: Types in Serbian classification: Complex museum
741) Serbia: Note: There are still 152 museums in total as in 2017. Compared to data from 2017, there are additional five museums opened to public and included in this analysis.
742) Serbia: classification: 1. Special (economic - technical) 2. Special (natural history)