Country     Austria Czech Republic Estonia Finland Germany Latvia Lithuania Poland Portugal Romania Serbia Spain Switzerland The Netherlands
Year     2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016
Definition Working group definition 1a   X X X     X     X X        
National criteria 1b         X 15)  X   X X 22)      X X X 29)  X 28) 
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   553 2)  484 246 326 15)  6.712 151 103 944 684 761 141 33)  1.504 1.108 694
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 158 101 59   1.214     281 271 262 62 34)  740 320 496
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 59 52 22         141 176 242 12 35)  381 213 158
  2d Other museums 336 331 165   5.498     522 237 257 67 36)  383 575 40
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 36 30 78 16 16)  431 41 19 76 506 77 13 172   61
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 252 350 86 213 16)  2.585 95 54 605   592 115 861    
other public-owned museums 3c Total 1 48   9 16)  441 10 22 70     8 32    
private-owned museums 3d Total 264 56 82 88 16)  2.995 5 8 193 178 92 4 439   633
  3e Of which
ppp
        260           1 33   694
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 3 30 70 16 16)    41 19       13 97    
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 162 350 86 213 16)    95 54       115 879    
other public-managed museums 4c Total 56 48 8 9 16)    10 22       8 60    
private-managed museums 4d Total 332 56 82 88 16)    5 8       4 468    
  4e Of which
ppp
                    1 33    
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                       5     602
Public > 50% 5b                       136     92
Number of visits Total 6a   18.172.165 13.071.769 3.456.886 6.687.069 111.877.085 3.534.066 3.981.126 36.081.555 15.532.379 14.196.944 1.955.544 59.909.098 13.156.641 30)  34.357.000
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
3.098.498 3.634.190 771.815 3.443.343   1.273.648   13.749.059 5.275.691 3.954.295 835.226 38.341.823   6.072.000
  6c free admissions
%
19,18 3)  27,80 22,33 51,50   36,00   38,00 34,00   42,70 64,00   18,00
  6d foreigners
Total
  2.703.166 1.246.157     273.939 20)      6.696.930     7.488.637   9.672.000
  6e foreigners
%
  20,68 36,00     7,80 21)    7,00 43,10     12,50   28,00
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
                8.923.914          
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                57,50          
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
5.845 4)  5.894 2.340     2.005 3.288 15.775 3.962 6.915   14.726   9.986
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.852 5)  2.933 1.769     930 1.219 6.775 2.420 3.683   4.577    
  7c FTES a year
Total
  5.894   2.630                   6.874
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
  2.933,00   1.095,00                    
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
3.508 962 463 1.763       2.779 535     1.031   34.895
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
624             956 23)  442     315    
  7g FTES a year
Total
      25                    
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                           
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 18     3 17)  928 86           328    
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 151     33 17)  1.326 26           416    
  8c > 5,- 265     89 17)  606 6           113    
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 118 6)    47 18 18)  1.557 31           647   58
  8e with museum card                 395         423
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   819 4.101 1.551 1.024 8.546 1.180 1.881 5.563   3.088 879 4.359 1.618 31)  2.323
Of which 9b Own production   2.693 1.235 514       3.696   2.087 531      
  9c Joined productions   1.408 312 217         332 1.001 348      
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   341.604.348 7)  179.240.015 50.140.684 249.801.744   39.783.769 52.757.844             1.069.000.000
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
    49.505.522 249.801.744   34.460.444               588.000.000
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
    24.407.120 106.306.265   19.566.355               440.000.000
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
    635.162     5.323.325                
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
  2.047.968 635.162 5.141.674 19)    1.011.425               41.000.000
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   338.765.274 8)  179.377.920 75.240.054 249.801.744   39.812.793 52.757.844             1.055.000.000
Of which 11b Entry fees 81.746.515 9)    8.072.491 19.643.555   4.673.198               229.000.000
  11c Public subsidies 186.937.144 10)    43.699.449 188.548.759   32.172.839               522.000.000
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a     173.820.207 43.699.449 188.548.759   32.172.839   275.100.943 25)            513.000.000
Of which 12b Investments   36.694.856 20.873.509     295.552   183.860.377 25)             
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   406   171 154 18)    145           1.427    
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 343   171 154 18)    143           1.210    
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 216 122 51     84           524    
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 281         127           731    
  13e having an Internet access 300   162 154 18)    145           782    
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total 439   208 154 18)      100 822       1.313   694
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 358 443                   720   694
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                           
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
      154 18)                266    
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                      99    
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                            
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total 482 249 153     122 95 588 24)        888   534
  17b Of which
for school children
  216 172           350     823   645
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
  15                   85   62
  17d for senior citizens   112             314     417    
  17e for others   88 134           201     492   56
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   8,55 4,60 18,70     7,60     6,60          
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19         5,90 16)    7,60 3,57 2,46 3,90   2,00 3,20   4,10
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   207.924,12 123.724,00 262.723,23 121.510,00   179.489,00 137.824,00 93,96 150.428,00   27,71 128.987,04   202.351,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   172.471,41 11)    204.065,31 58.942,00   114.803,00   58,16 99.334,00   15,87 46.435,00   166.590,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   33.966,66 12)  27.008,00 14.052,38     23.404,00                
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23         21.853,00 16)    23.404,00 38.652,00 38.221,98 38.352,00   23,87 40.452,00 11.874,00 32)  49.506,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   118,59 55,80 177,84 47,80   102,00 114,00 41,08 41,60     31,70   59,00
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   39,09 16,96 38,11 45,40   20,20               63,00
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26     1.645.201,00 3.321.156,80 3.426.105,00   1.634.004,00   716.408,71 25)            3.021.358,00
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   248 380 163 169 16)    123     393   141 1.329   461
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   223 247 99 189 16)  2.129 88 76 583 265     847 315 480
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   9     21 16)          17   70 49   32
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   35     67 16)          57   105 167   97
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   308 13)  286 148 154 18)    126 92   405     1.489    
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   7,30 14)    2,55 7,19   2,07   2,83 26)             
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   206 161 113 75 18)    66 73 475     61 899    
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     11           91       278    
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34                              
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   8.700.471 10.565.284 1.315.790 5.503.297 82.175.684 1.968.957 2.888.558 37.967.209 10.325.452 19.760.314 7.076.372 46.440.099 8.327.126 16.979.120
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36     134,00 30,30 18,00   32,00 44,20 123,00 27)  111,80       210,10 504,00
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   128,000   74,000   123,000     69,000   59,000 36,000 92,000 161,000 110,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2016 is 747. However, 194 units did not participate in the survey.
3) Austria: Not taking into account unknown admission status in the denominator.
4) Austria: plus 779 freelancers.
5) Austria: plus 415 freelancers.
6) Austria: Incuding museums which ask for a voluntary contribution.
7) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 263 out of 483.
8) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 315 out of 483.
9) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 287 out of 483.
10) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 288 out of 483.
11) Austria: Inclusive visits with unknown admission status.
12) Austria: Not taking into account museums with unknown number of visits in the denominator.
13) Austria: Out of 468 organisational units (comprising partly more than one museum) which reported staff figures.
14) Austria: The ratio is based only on units, for which both 'income from entries' and 'payment status of visitors' is known.
15) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 326 museum sites.
16) Finland: Answers by museum sites (326)
17) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum
18) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154)
19) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditures
20) Latvia: 273.393 (in groups only)
21) Latvia: 7,8 % (in groups only)
22) Definition: A museum is a non-profit organisational unit the aim of which is to collect and preserve natural and cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, to inform about the values and contents of its collections, to promote fundamental values of the Polish and world history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity and provide access to the collected holdings. (The Act on Museums of 21 November 1996) The term “museum” is not a protected designation in Poland. Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
23) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject.
24) As there is no definition on education programme, number above refers to museums which conduct education lessons.
25) Data: Ministry of Finance Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities.
26) Estimation made on the basis of results of Museum Statistics Project (conducted by National Institute for Museums and Public Collections). Data for 189 museums (without branches).
27) Source: Central Statistical Office of Poland
28) The Netherlands: ICOM-defintion: All registered museums are included. Unregistered museums that meet a number of criteria based on the ICOM definition are also included in the population. These criteria are: - the museum has a fixed location, is permanently open and is at least 28 weeks a year and three days a week, accessible; - the museum is a non- profit organisation; - the museum has its own collection and is researching this collection; - the museum has a website or is accessible through a larger on line platform. Also some museums are included in the populatiion that do not meet these criteria, but are seen as a (major) museum by the public. They are classified as an expection to the rule. These new criteria are applied since 2015. So this means a break in the series form previous years. The number of museums counted changed from 799 (in 2013 to 6925 (in 2015)
29) Switzerland: Switzerland: Slightly definition change: Switzerland does not take into accounts a) Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on libraries and archives centres; b) Natural, archaeological and ethnographic monuments and sites and historical monuments and sites of a museum nature, owing to their acquisition, conservation and communication activities.
30) Switzerland: +/-379664
31) Switzerland: +/-63
32) Switzerland: +/-344
33) Serbia: There are 152 in total, but 141 completed the form and were included in the analysis.
34) Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (art) 2. Special (socio-historical)
35) Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (economic - technical) 2. Special (natural history)
36) Types in Serbian classification: Complex museums