Country     Austria Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Hungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Portugal Romania Serbia Spain Sweden Switzerland The Netherlands
Year     2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016
Definition Working group definition 1a   X   X   X       X     X X          
National criteria 1b     X   X   X 15)  X X   X X 22)      X X   X 29)  X 28) 
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   553 2)  195 484 227 246 326 15)  6.712 745 151 103 944 684 761 141 33)  1.504 301 1.108 694
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 158 149 101   59   1.214       281 271 262 62 34)  740 99 320 496
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 59 17 52   22           141 176 242 12 35)  381 26 213 158
  2d Other museums 336 29 331   165   5.498       522 237 257 67 36)  383 176 575 40
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 36 25 30 5 78 16 16)  431 113 41 19 76 506 77 13 172 30   61
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 252 166 350 17 86 213 16)  2.585 485 95 54 605   592 115 861 80    
other public-owned museums 3c Total 1 4 48     9 16)  441 36 10 22 70     8 32 33    
private-owned museums 3d Total 264   56 205 82 88 16)  2.995 111 5 8 193 178 92 4 439 40   633
  3e Of which
ppp
            260             1 33 4   694
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 3   30   70 16 16)    113 41 19       13 97 47    
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 162   350   86 213 16)    485 95 54       115 879 105    
other public-managed museums 4c Total 56   48   8 9 16)    36 10 22       8 60      
private-managed museums 4d Total 332   56   82 88 16)    111 5 8       4 468 160    
  4e Of which
ppp
                          1 33      
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                             5       602
Public > 50% 5b     195                       136       92
Number of visits Total 6a   18.172.165 5.229.606 13.071.769 16.185.412 3.456.886 6.687.069 111.877.085 10.395.847 3.534.066 3.981.126 36.081.555 15.532.379 14.196.944 1.955.544 59.909.098 28.060.031 13.156.641 30)  34.357.000
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
3.098.498 1.222.540 3.634.190   771.815 3.443.343   4.115.153 1.273.648   13.749.059 5.275.691 3.954.295 835.226 38.341.823     6.072.000
  6c free admissions
%
19,18 3)  23,40 27,80   22,33 51,50   39,58 36,00   38,00 34,00   42,70 64,00     18,00
  6d foreigners
Total
  1.008.888 2.703.166   1.246.157     1.961.195 273.939 20)      6.696.930     7.488.637     9.672.000
  6e foreigners
%
  19,30 20,68   36,00     18,86 7,80 21)    7,00 43,10     12,50     28,00
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
                      8.923.914            
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                      57,50            
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
5.845 4)  3.150 5.894   2.340     6.873 2.005 3.288 15.775 3.962 6.915   14.726     9.986
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.852 5)  1.927 2.933   1.769     2.034 930 1.219 6.775 2.420 3.683   4.577      
  7c FTES a year
Total
    5.894     2.630                   5.831   6.874
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
    2.933,00     1.095,00                        
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
3.508   962   463 1.763   703     2.779 535     1.031     34.895
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
624             117     956 23)  442     315      
  7g FTES a year
Total
          25                        
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                                   
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 18 150       3 17)  928   86           328      
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 151 17       33 17)  1.326   26           416      
  8c > 5,- 265         89 17)  606   6           113      
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 118 6)  28     47 18 18)  1.557   31           647 129   58
  8e with museum card                       395           423
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   819 2.316 4.101   1.551 1.024 8.546 1.864 1.180 1.881 5.563   3.088 879 4.359   1.618 31)  2.323
Of which 9b Own production   1.193 2.693   1.235 514         3.696   2.087 531        
  9c Joined productions   1.123 1.408   312 217           332 1.001 348        
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   341.604.348 7)  26.949.687 179.240.015   50.140.684 249.801.744   160.898.702 39.783.769 52.757.844           547.000.000   1.069.000.000
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
        49.505.522 249.801.744     34.460.444                 588.000.000
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
        24.407.120 106.306.265   66.826.025 19.566.355                 440.000.000
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
  738.580     635.162       5.323.325                  
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
  118.378 2.047.968   635.162 5.141.674 19)    363.270 1.011.425                 41.000.000
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   338.765.274 8)  28.824.682 179.377.920   75.240.054 249.801.744   212.242.468 39.812.793 52.757.844           537.600.000   1.055.000.000
Of which 11b Entry fees 81.746.515 9)  3.932.137     8.072.491 19.643.555   12.968.555 4.673.198             53.760.000   229.000.000
  11c Public subsidies 186.937.144 10)  21.985.780     43.699.449 188.548.759   146.384.499 32.172.839                 522.000.000
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a     21.985.780 173.820.207   43.699.449 188.548.759   146.397.679 32.172.839   275.100.943 25)              513.000.000
Of which 12b Investments     36.694.856   20.873.509       295.552   183.860.377 25)               
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   406 192     171 154 18)    600 145           1.427      
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 343 187     171 154 18)      143           1.210      
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 216 76 122   51     201 84           524      
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 281 141           99 127           731      
  13e having an Internet access 300 187     162 154 18)    405 145           782      
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total 439       208 154 18)    303   100 822       1.313     694
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 358 123 443                       720     694
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                                   
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
          154 18)    218             266      
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                            99      
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                                    
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total 482 138 249   153     612 122 95 588 24)        888     534
  17b Of which
for school children
  137 216   172     545       350     823     645
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
  25 15                       85     62
  17d for senior citizens   69 112                 314     417      
  17e for others   27 88   134     67       201     492     56
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   8,55 2,70 4,60   18,70       7,60     6,60            
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19     2,70       5,90 16)    7,60 7,60 3,57 2,46 3,90   2,00 3,20     4,10
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   207.924,12 73.369,00 123.724,00   262.723,23 121.510,00   106.037,00 179.489,00 137.824,00 93,96 150.428,00   27,71 128.987,04     202.351,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   172.471,41 11)  56.217,00     204.065,31 58.942,00   64.063,00 114.803,00   58,16 99.334,00   15,87 46.435,00     166.590,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   33.966,66 12)  26.818,00 27.008,00   14.052,38       23.404,00                  
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23     26.818,00       21.853,00 16)    13.954,00 23.404,00 38.652,00 38.221,98 38.352,00   13.869,00 40.452,00   11.874,00 32)  49.506,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   118,59 44,20 55,80   177,84 47,80   69,40 102,00 114,00 41,08 41,60     31,70     59,00
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   39,09 3,80 16,96   38,11 45,40   0,06 20,20                 63,00
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26     308.450,00 1.645.201,00   3.321.156,80 3.426.105,00     1.634.004,00   716.408,71 25)              3.021.358,00
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   248 185 380   163 169 16)      123     393   141 1.329     461
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   223 117 247   99 189 16)  2.129 280 88 76 583 265     847   315 480
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   9 15       21 16)    372       17   70 49     32
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   35 39       67 16)    559       57   105 167     97
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   308 13)  191 286   148 154 18)    287 126 92   405     1.489      
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   7,30 14)        2,55 7,19     2,07   2,83 26)          6,00    
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   206 119 161   113 75 18)    298 66 73 475     61 899      
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     61 11               91       278      
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34                 41,10                    
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   8.700.471 7.153.784 10.565.284 5.707.251 1.315.790 5.503.297 82.175.684 9.830.485 1.968.957 2.888.558 37.967.209 10.325.452 19.760.314 7.076.372 46.440.099 9.747.355 8.327.126 16.979.120
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36     64,80 134,00 136,40 30,30 18,00   106,00 32,00 44,20 123,00 27)  111,80       24,40 210,10 504,00
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   128,000 49,000   124,000 74,000   123,000 59,600     69,000   59,000 36,000 92,000 123,000 161,000 110,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Austria: The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2016 is 747. However, 194 units did not participate in the survey.
3) Austria: Not taking into account unknown admission status in the denominator.
4) Austria: plus 779 freelancers.
5) Austria: plus 415 freelancers.
6) Austria: Incuding museums which ask for a voluntary contribution.
7) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 263 out of 483.
8) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 315 out of 483.
9) Austria: Number of reporting units (which may comprise more than one museum): 287 out of 483.
10) Austria: Units (which may comprise more than one museum): 288 out of 483.
11) Austria: Inclusive visits with unknown admission status.
12) Austria: Not taking into account museums with unknown number of visits in the denominator.
13) Austria: Out of 468 organisational units (comprising partly more than one museum) which reported staff figures.
14) Austria: The ratio is based only on units, for which both 'income from entries' and 'payment status of visitors' is known.
15) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 326 museum sites.
16) Finland: Answers by museum sites (326)
17) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum
18) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154)
19) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditures
20) Latvia: 273.393 (in groups only)
21) Latvia: 7,8 % (in groups only)
22) Definition: A museum is a non-profit organisational unit the aim of which is to collect and preserve natural and cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, to inform about the values and contents of its collections, to promote fundamental values of the Polish and world history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity and provide access to the collected holdings. (The Act on Museums of 21 November 1996) The term “museum” is not a protected designation in Poland. Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
23) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject.
24) As there is no definition on education programme, number above refers to museums which conduct education lessons.
25) Data: Ministry of Finance Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities.
26) Estimation made on the basis of results of Museum Statistics Project (conducted by National Institute for Museums and Public Collections). Data for 189 museums (without branches).
27) Source: Central Statistical Office of Poland
28) The Netherlands: ICOM-defintion: All registered museums are included. Unregistered museums that meet a number of criteria based on the ICOM definition are also included in the population. These criteria are: - the museum has a fixed location, is permanently open and is at least 28 weeks a year and three days a week, accessible; - the museum is a non- profit organisation; - the museum has its own collection and is researching this collection; - the museum has a website or is accessible through a larger on line platform. Also some museums are included in the populatiion that do not meet these criteria, but are seen as a (major) museum by the public. They are classified as an expection to the rule. These new criteria are applied since 2015. So this means a break in the series form previous years. The number of museums counted changed from 799 (in 2013 to 6925 (in 2015)
29) Switzerland: Switzerland: Slightly definition change: Switzerland does not take into accounts a) Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on libraries and archives centres; b) Natural, archaeological and ethnographic monuments and sites and historical monuments and sites of a museum nature, owing to their acquisition, conservation and communication activities.
30) Switzerland: +/-379664
31) Switzerland: +/-63
32) Switzerland: +/-344
33) Serbia: There are 152 in total, but 141 completed the form and were included in the analysis.
34) Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (art) 2. Special (socio-historical)
35) Types in Serbian classification: 1. Special (economic - technical) 2. Special (natural history)
36) Types in Serbian classification: Complex museums