Country     Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Hungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Portugal Romania Sweden Switzerland The Netherlands
Year     2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015
Definition Working group definition 1a       X   X       X     X X      
National criteria 1b   X X   X   X 3)  X X   X X 12)      X X 23)  X 21) 
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   35 201 484 254 255 331 3)  6.710 743 149 104 926 669 738 310 1.111 692
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 19 154 106 181 65   1.207       279 262 258 110 325 494
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums   17 51 73 20     8)        144 171 233 24 212 158
  2d Other museums 16 30 327   170   5.503       503 236 247 148 574 40
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total   26 31 5 85 19 4)  432 124 41 19 75 484 74 38   69
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 31 170 349   88 218 4)  2.586 474 94 56 603   574 83    
other public-owned museums 3c Total   5 47     8 4)  437 38 9 22 64     44    
private-owned museums 3d Total 4   57 124 82 86 4)  2.994 107 5 7 184 185 90 132   623
  3e Of which
ppp
            261             6    
Management state-managed museums 4a Total     31   77 19 4)    124 41 19       38    
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 31   349   88 218 4)    474 94 56       83    
other public-managed museums 4c Total     47   8 8 4)    38 9 22       44    
private-managed museums 4d Total 4   57   82 86 4)    107 5 7       132    
  4e Of which
ppp
                          6    
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                                 551
Public > 50% 5b     201                           134
Number of visits Total 6a   346.195 4.763.472 11.768.168 16.185.412 3.253.634 5.605.374 114.423.192 9.563.281 3.259.783 3.896.254 33.271.294 13.660.668 13.051.886 15.066.851 19)  12.081.844 24)  31.429.000 22) 
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
  1.246.561 3.347.369   700.762 2.935.844   3.813.724 1.304.343   14.771.292 5.122.275 4.106.357     5.113.000
  6c free admissions
%
  26,20 28,40   22,00 52,40   39,87 40,00   44,00 37,50       16,00
  6d foreigners
Total
  737.642 2.203.479   1.142.639     1.846.241 241.652 9)      5.247.009       8.591.000
  6e foreigners
%
  15,50 18,72   35,00     19,30 7,40 10)      38,40       27,00
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
                      7.581.168        
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                      55,50        
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
319 3.021 5.699   2.076     6.603 1.933 3.245 15.271 13)  3.891 6.589     9.606
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
15 1.866 2.868   1.551     1.632 934 11)  1.096 6.494 14)  2.279 3.505      
  7c FTES a year
Total
    5.699     2.645               4.716   6.669
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
    2.868,00     997,00                    
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
    1.138   474 1.148   701     2.388 507       33.867
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
              60     943 15)  397        
  7g FTES a year
Total
          23                    
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                               
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 12 159       4 5)  907   88           20)     
  8b 2,5 - 5,-   14       34 5)  1.353   25              
  8c > 5,-           84 5)  569   3         23    
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 23 28     48 16 1.546   27         2   61
  8e with museum card                       375       394
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a     2.068 4.254   1.750 1.089 9.025 1.775 1.129 1.835 5.316   3.061   1.595 25)  2.275
Of which 9b Own production   1.133 2.840   1.375 567         3.505   2.128      
  9c Joined productions   935 1.414   375 235           308 933      
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a     23.495.062 163.872.186   48.923.829 244.643.579   175.536.218 38.176.341 54.884.436       4.662.163   1.047.000.000
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
        48.550.873 244.643.579     32.109.902             573.000.000
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
        22.713.187 107.485.166   74.914.045 19.295.951             423.000.000
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
  545.440     372.956       6.066.439              
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
  109.131 1.830.266   372.956 5.545.623 6)    226.607 844.446             51.000.000
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a     25.616.330 167.621.524   58.054.189 244.643.579   206.377.968 39.225.323         4.601.062   1.053.000.000
Of which 11b Entry fees   3.599.937     7.023.930 14.497.999   12.032.871 3.577.088             221.000.000
  11c Public subsidies   18.925.703     30.530.563 188.840.075   127.020.375 31.697.754             554.000.000
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a     18.925.703 170.459.800   30.530.563 188.840.075   127.031.811 31.697.754   327.018.469 16)          546.000.000
Of which 12b Investments     39.783.785   28.689.450       315.353   92.345.430 16)           
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a     194     151 150 7)    597 139 11)      356        
Of which 13b for administrative purpose   188     151 150     134     223        
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system)   71 120   49     159 80              
  13d having a database for electronic inventory   140       144 7)    100 121     87        
  13e having an Internet access   188     142 150 7)    396 137     322        
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total         200 150 7)    309   98 795 320       692
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total   118 438                 176       692
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                               
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
          150 7)            98        
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                      55        
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                                
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total   129 255   154     561 103 96 603 17)  338       541
  17b Of which
for school children
  126 224   158     539               529
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
  21 19                         5
  17d for senior citizens   62 111                 310        
  17e for others   26 86   130     22       197       18
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18     2,80 4,60   19,40       7,50     6,50        
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   0,99 2,80       6,00 4)    8,00 7,50 3,56 2,41 3,70       4,10
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   9.841,00 66.362,00 111.621,00   247.498,42 102.152,00   97.034,00 164.130,00 133.376,00 86.644,00 131.884,00       185.964,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21     48.996,00     194.192,64 48.649,00   58.338,00 98.456,00   48.177,00 82.432,00       163.239,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22     23.699,00 24.314,00   12.759,35       21.878,00              
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23   9.891,00 23.699,00       18.082,00 4)    12.871,00 21.878,00 37.464,00 35.930,12 35.208,00     10.875,00 26)  45.418,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   9,11 42,10 54,10   157,92 48,20   66,60 97,30 111,00 39,77 40,60       57,00
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25     3,30 15,54   37,22 44,60   0,06 19,22             62,00
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26     263.663,00 1.616.814,00   2.322.408,12 3.441.397,00     1.595.983,00   851.610,60 18)          3.230.630,45
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   23 186 380   177 172 4)      118 94   383       487
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   9 115 236   97 193 4)  2.210 269 80 75 572 254   197 308 469
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a     16       33 4)    372       16       32
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b     39       83 4)    558       55       96
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   13 197 280   136 150 7)    341 121 94   388        
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31           2,71 6,82     1,83         10,00    
Number of museums with at least one publication   32     111 165   112 71 7)    269 72 63 478 265        
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     70 13               86 93        
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34           45,20     34,80                
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   3.518.290 7.202.198 10.542.942 5.659.715 1.314.608 5.487.308 81.197.537 9.855.571 1.986.096 2.921.262 38.437.239 10.358.076 19 9.747.355 8.237.666 16.900.726
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   68,74 66,20 133,70 132,40 30,20 18,10 228,60 106,00 31,00 44,70 123,00 112,10 86,10 24,10 207,10 502,00
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37     47,000   127,000 75,000   124,000 57,600     69,000   57,000 124,000 166,000 108,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) plus 695 freelancers
3) The statistics cover 150 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 331 museum sites
4) Answers by museum sites (331)
5) Admission fees for the main site of a museum
6) Included in the ordinary expenditures
7) Answers by administrative units (150)
8) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
9) Latvia: 241,652 (in groups only)
10) Latvia: 7,4 % (in groups only)
11) Latvia: data source – The digital Cultural Map of Latvia www.kulturaskarte.lv
12) Definition: museums are non-profit organisational units whose aim is to gather and to permanently protect the natural and cultural heritage of both material and non-material character, as well as to provide information on the values and contents of collections, to popularise the fundamental values of history, science and culture, to develop cognitive and aesthetic sensitivity, and to provide access to their collections (The Act of 21 November 1996 on Museums). Every time when number of museums are mentioned data includes branches.
13) 28820 (including people working on contracts and civil-law agreements)
14) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject. 13261 (including people working on contracts and civil-law agreements)
15) Given data is about professional staff, which doesn’t have to refer to formal education in the subject.
16) Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities. Exchange rate: 18.10.2016 r.
17) As there is no definition on education programme, number above refers to museums which conduct education lessons.
18) Including transfers to local self-government entities and transfers between local self-government entities. Exchange rate: 18.10.2016 r.
19) Change of definition. Now only visitors that go into the exhibitions.
20) Only some of the state-owned museums answer the questions about fees. The rest of the museums do not get the questions.
21) The Netherlands: ICOM-defintion: All registered museums are included. Unregistered museums that meet a number of criteria based on the ICOM definition are also included in the population. These criteria are: - the museum has a fixed location, is permanently open and is at least 28 weeks a year and three days a week, accessible; - the museum is a non- profit organisation; - the museum has its own collection and is researching this collection; - the museum has a website or is accessible through a larger on line platform. Also some museums are included in the populatiion that do not meet these criteria, but are seen as a (major) museum by the public. They are classified as an expection to the rule. These new criteria are applied since 2015. So this means a break in the series form previous years. The number of museums counted changed from 799 (in 2013 to 6925 (in 2015)
22) Zoos are included
23) Switzerland: Slightly definition change: Switzerland does not take into accounts a) Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on libraries and archives centres; b) Natural, archaeological and ethnographic monuments and sites and historical monuments and sites of a museum nature, owing to their acquisition, conservation and communication activities.
24) Switzerland: +/- 399082
25) Switzerland: +/-62
26) Switzerland: +/-361