Country     Austria Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Hungary Ireland Latvia Lithuania Poland Portugal Romania Spain Switzerland
Year     2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014
Definition Working group definition 1a   X 2)        X   X         X     X X    
National criteria 1b     X X X 15)    X   X 31)  X X X   X X     X X 44) 
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   562 3)  42 204 284 16)  486 255 256 327 31)  6.372 750 230 39)  147 104 844 674 739 1.468 1.142
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 164   160 114 17)  101 184 65   1.155         252 261 754 722 307
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 73   13 61 50 71 18     38)          135 174 237 372 626
  2d Other museums 325   31 109 17)  335   173   5.217         457 239 248 374 209
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 41   29 33 18)  29 6 88 21 460 124   40 20 62 485 73 171  
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 231   170 167 19)  351   85 214 2.475 490   93 56 581   577 824  
other public-owned museums 3c Total 1   5 83 19)  45     8 436 33   8 20 52     35  
private-owned museums 3d Total 289     1 19)  61 126 83 84 2.748 103   6 8 149 189 89 438  
  3e Of which
ppp
                253               28  
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 2     33 20)  29   83 21   124 15 40 20       95  
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 164     167 21)  351   85 214   490 23 93 56       852  
other public-managed museums 4c Total 53     83 21)  45   5 8   33 10 8 20       62  
private-managed museums 4d Total 343     1 22)  61   83 84   103 48 6 8       459  
  4e Of which
ppp
                    5           25  
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a         1                            
Public > 50% 5b       204 283                            
Number of visits Total 6a   17.287.605 270.224 4.781.368 4.771.230 23)  11.651.327 14.608.839 3.398.249 5.445.468 111.984.066 9.557.052 6.108.480 2.970.514 3.757.133 30.609.390 11.749.732 10.823.706 58.418.342 20.799.800
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
3.152.209   763.692 1.087.271 23)  3.328.785   773.937 2.927.993   3.733.891   1.092.898   13.699.800 4.628.748 3.374.600 35.459.934 4.209.300 45) 
  6c free admissions
%
20,80 4)    16,00 23,00 28,60   23,00 53,80   39,06   36,80   45,00 39,40   60,70 20,00
  6d foreigners
Total
    792.329   1.974.831   1.119.586 511.408   1.755.178   268.235 40)      4.289.128   5.666.579  
  6e foreigners
%
    16,60   16,95   33,00 9,20   18,36   9,00 41)      36,50   9,70  
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
      729.911 23)                      6.053.137      
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
      15,00                     51,50      
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
5.631 5)  252 3.106 1.673 5.654   2.118     6.047   1.911 3.140   3.835 6.554 14.189  
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.551 6)  16 1.846 1.073 2.879   1.518     3.524 162 907 42)  1.053   2.293 3.601 4.569  
  7c FTES a year
Total
      1.673 5.654     2.639                    
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
      1.073,00 2.879,00     1.104,00                    
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
3.670       1.123   602 1.240   756         341   993  
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
542                 367         219   376  
  7g FTES a year
Total
              22                    
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                                   
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 30   159 110       6 32)  1.077     94         361  
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 179   10 55       19 1.341     21         396  
  8c > 5,- 235     5       107 505     3         108  
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 111 7)    35 65     17 11 1.591     26     373   603 869
  8e with museum card       9     20                      
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   814   2.448 1.191 4.207   1.795 1.146 9.058 1.842   1.083 1.796 5.102 312 3.088 4.887  
Of which 9b Own production     1.470   2.717   1.457 522           3.327   2.161    
  9c Joined productions     978   1.490   338 236               927    
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   359.795.135 8)    21.454.749   152.792.633   41.947.840 244.782.696   165.537.176   33.632.922 51.506.596          
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
            41.647.003 244.782.696       30.003.540            
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
            21.496.303 107.468.168   68.748.766   16.821.558            
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
    492.439       300.837         7.092.456            
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
    106.157   1.980.209   300.837 3.321.079 33)    726.584   574.002            
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   346.003.109 9)    22.550.844   152.139.546   62.340.112     199.273.847   32.518.781            
Of which 11b Entry fees 81.096.450 10)    3.396.547       7.816.723 13.919.953   12.609.647   3.213.968            
  11c Public subsidies 194.265.017 11)    16.909.429       28.202.823 188.300.668   135.352.515   25.906.230            
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a       16.909.429   141.197.202   28.202.823 188.300.668   135.437.568   25.906.230   1.210.948.000        
Of which 12b Investments         22.961.760   28.721.160         295.553   297.397.000        
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   393   198       142 152 34)    605   137 42)          1.371  
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 334   194       142 152       132         1.141  
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 197   65   130   122     178   72         486  
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 260   141 181     140 147   90   122         686  
  13e having an Internet access 292   190 247 24)      140 152   389   135       43)    708 1.100
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total 437     227     191 152   311     93 766     1.264  
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 338   116 121 438   206                   646  
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
      121                            
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
      284       152                 203  
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                                86  
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)       101                            
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total 486   139 94 25)  240   152 140 35)    597   112 97       768  
  17b Of which
for school children
    136 49 25)  209   164     527         329   708  
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
    28   15                       68  
  17d for senior citizens     69 2 25)  100                   291   320  
  17e for others     32   71   132     70         186   451  
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   8,19   2,80   4,60   19,50         7,30     6,50      
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19     0,91 2,80 6,60 26)        6,00 36)    7,60   7,30 3,50 2,22 3,80   3,20 14,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   202.337,81 7.664,00 66.188,00 111.350,00 26)  110.704,00   258.511,42 99.552,00 36)    95.570,00   148.417,00 127.643,00 80.551,00 112.967,00   125.598,00 252.500,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   165.444,00 12)    55.616,00 85.976,00 27)      199.636,53 46.023,00 36)    37.846,00   93.812,00   44.499,00 68.464,00   49.360,00 201.400,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   32.373,79 13)    23.438,00   23.974,00   13.274,41         20.208,00            
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23     8.445,00 23.438,00 16.800,00       16.653,00 36)    12.742,00   20.208,00 36.126,00 36.267,05 29.974,00   40.766,00 18.200,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   117,00 7,20 43,00 25,00 28)  53,70   161,12 48,20   61,00   95,50 107,00   39,70   30,50  
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   42,11   3,00   14,52   31,91 44,70   0,06   16,80            
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26       234.075,00   1.341.569,00   2.145.443,71 3.442.425,00       1.294.361,00            
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   229   190   380   170 170 36)      106 112 94   381   1.303 367
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   220   112 77 29)  237   93 192 2.197 266 56 72 73 550 252   822 385
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   10   14         33   375         18   46 12
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   34   37         85   563         60   161 12
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   151 14)    198 184 273   141 152 37)    157   120 92   392   1.403  
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   7,20     2,75     2,45 6,87       1,71            
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   198   127 114 30)  163   110 72 37)    269   80 56 478   43)    854  
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33       73 5 30)  20     3 37)            87   43)    260  
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34                     28,00                
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   8.506.889 3.526.207 7.245.677 4.246.809 10.524.783 5.627.235 1.314.545 5.474.289 80.767.463 9.877.365 4.628.949 2.001.468 2.943.472 38.005.614 10.374.822 19.947.311   8.237.000
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   103,60 68,85 66,30   133,50 131,50 30,30 19,00 226,60 106,00   31,00   121,70 112,50 86,50   203,00
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   130,000   47,000 59,000 84,000 127,000 76,000 110,000 124,000 57,900 177,000     68,000 78,000 55,000   161,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Break in time series
3) The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2014 is 700. However, 138 units did not participate in the survey.
4) Not taking into account unknown admission status in the denominator
5) plus 695 freelancers
6) plus 293 freelancers
7) incuding museums which ask for a voluntary contribution
8) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 265 out of 496
9) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 296 out of 496
10) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 318 out of 496
11) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 314 out of 496
12) Inclusive visits with unknown admission status
13) not taking into account museums with unknown number of visits in the denominator
14) out of 479 organisational units (comprising partly more than one museum) which reported staff figures
15) Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
16) The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archæological sites…).
17) Categories 2b, 2c and 2d, especially 2c in Croatia are not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex /local or regional history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
18) in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites.
19) in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
20) in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites
21) in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
22) Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
23) Source: MDC, table - number of visits to croatian museums and galleries, 2014.
24) museums which have access to the internet (e-mail)
25) estimation based on MDC - Museum annual reports 2014 (include data by 131 museum for 167 sites)
26) source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2011: 4.284,889
27) source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2011: 4.284,88
28) the figure refers to specialised staff only; the figure regarding total number of staff would be 39
29) Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2014 (include data by 131 museum for 167 sites)
30) source: MDC - 33rd exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2014.
31) The statistics cover 152 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 327 museum sites
32) Admission fees for the main site of a museum
33) Included in the ordinary expenditures
34) Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
35) Answers by administrative units (152), not by museum sites
36) Answers by museum sites
37) Answers by administrative units
38) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
39) 118 museums responded to and participated in the survey.
40) Latvia: 268.235 (in groups only)
41) Latvia: 9,0 % (in groups only)
42) Latvia: data source – The digital Cultural Map of Latvia www.kulturaskarte.lv
43) Portugal: data collected every 3 years.
44) Including zoos and botanical gardens
45) Data generated by 869 museums