Country     Austria Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Hungary Italy Luxembourg Norway Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Switzerland United Kingdom
Year     2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012
Definition Working group definition 1a       X   X       X 24)  X X X X        
National criteria 1b   X X   X   X 15)  X X           X X X 40)  X
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   449 2)  188 482 274 245 325 15)  6.355 734 459 54 128 31)  635 663   1.464 1.105 1.732
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 113 138 104 220 75   1.139   459 20   32)  275     707 299  
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 50 18 47 54 28     21)      17   159     376 208  
  2d Other museums 282 32 331   142   5.216     17   201     381 598  
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 30 26 29 7 86 22 481 29 459 6 13 423     151   58
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 234 158 346   83 213 2.522 548   11 18       809   581
other public-owned museums 3c Total 3 4 45     8 440 128   4 97       32   83
private-owned museums 3d Total 182   62 130 76 82 2.694 6   33   212     472   910
  3e Of which
ppp
            218 44             33    
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 3   29   82 22   29 450 6 13       76    
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 157   346   83 213   548 7 9 18       833    
other public-managed museums 4c Total 49   45   4 8   128   3 97       59    
private-managed museums 4d Total 240   62   76 82   6 2 36         496    
  4e Of which
ppp
              44 2           32    
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a             82       28              
Public > 50% 5b     188       243       25              
Number of visits Total 6a   12.047.400 4.105.948 9.577.260 13.285.740 3.039.567 5.254.171 112.807.633 8.372.374 37.138.436 516.000 10.665.595 10.066.934 10.076.330 3.548.276 57.215.857 18.027.500 87.624.176
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
2.905.500 801.979 2.794.482   668.946 2.693.710   3.187.590 20.392.588 291.000 4.938.794 3.933.407   2.635.825 34.730.025 1.979.100 41)   
  6c free admissions
%
28,90 3)  19,50 29,20   22,01 51,00   38,10 54,90 56,40 46,30 39,10   74,30 60,70 25,00  
  6d foreigners
Total
  830.087 59.335   1.050.831 440.926   1.596.015   198.000   3.211.124   758.700 8.124.652    
  6e foreigners
%
  20,20 0,62   35,00 8,40   20,00   38,40   31,90   21,00 14,20    
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
  3.783.241                   5.066.178          
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
  92,10                   50,30          
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
6.281 4)  2.697 5.507   1.660     6.313   352 3.380 33)  3.768   1.910 14.118    
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.765 5)  1.682 2.611   1.072     3.330       2.161   1.067 4.504    
  7c FTES a year
Total
    5.507     2.749   366   311 3.778            
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
    2.611,00     1.276,00         2.114,00 34)             
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
3.441   1.359   653     540   209   236   311 1.045    
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
                      134   128 472    
  7g FTES a year
Total
          17       9 195            
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                                 
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 33 154       12 16)  1.273   60 25)  2   35)        319    
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 191 16       50 1.284 3.237.769 103 26)  29 5 35)        355    
  8c > 5,- 128         77 405 2.447.015 62 27)  5 107 35)        97    
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 97 6)  18     52 15 1.609 3.187.590 210 18 17 327     638 514 42)  416
  8e with museum card         20       77 28)                 
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a     2.090 4.005   1.905 1.267 8.940 1.756   64 1.056 252   1.867 3.469    
Of which 9b Own production   1.054 2.715   1.504 708                      
  9c Joined productions   1.036 1.290   401 244                      
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   324.912.300 7)  18.933.249 157.391.058   35.072.824 219.209.600   121.012.210   37.700.000       49.823.395      
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
        34.582.521 219.209.600   117.347.943   33.900.000 543.207.192            
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
        16.336.338 105.535.923   53.829.017   20.700.000 291.883.803     30.226.889      
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
  680.181     490.304     3.664.267   3.100.000              
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
  322.257 1.713.488   490.304 2.658.183   854.160   1.300.000              
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   316.001.100 8)  20.394.880 156.747.967   42.812.548 219.209.600   129.216.737 117.942.759 35.400.000 545.319.983     50.396.816      
Of which 11b Entry fees 46.991.600 9)  3.127.495     5.815.242 13.180.406   10.723.164 117.942.759 665.000 39.021.659     5.361.404      
  11c Public subsidies 208.613.600 10)  14.411.290     26.176.942 167.871.204   79.340.840   32.500.000       42.288.980      
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a     14.411.290 149.548.516   26.176.942 167.871.204       42.300.000 389.703.310            
Of which 12b Investments     23.169.196   11.463.790     44.469.530   11.000.000              
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   312 11)  184     186 154 17)    378     128 317     1.308    
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 248 181     186 154   378     128 199     1.067    
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 173 52 106   119 62   67             515    
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 271 139     51 150   147       70     684    
  13e having an Internet access 201 175     183 154   378     128 286     746    
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total           154 17)    285       286     1.196    
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 251 11)  111 425                 165     597    
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                                 
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
          154           88     198    
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                      51     90    
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                                  
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total   124 241     111 17)    564     118       845    
  17b Of which
for school children
  120 109     111   506     118 293     700    
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
  22 14     23                 79    
  17d for senior citizens   67 117     50           264     312    
  17e for others   31 68     44   315       161     424    
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18     2,60 4,80   18,52     7,41 0,77 10,50 2,50 36)  6,00          
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   5,30 2,60       6,00 18)    7,41 0,77   2,50 36)  3,30     3,10    
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   142.690,70 56.210,00 91.131,00   229.800,88 97.299,00 18)      62.224,00 98.341,00 211.147,00 37)  95.740,00   172.345,00 122.209,00    
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   84.615,20 3)  45.231,00     179.226,44 47.415,00 18)    83,00 28.057,00 42.831,00 113.373,00 58.332,00     49.037,00    
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22     21.840,00 19.870,00   12.406,40     11.345,00 85,77 29)  9.385,00 83.333,00            
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23   26.831,60 21.840,00     12.406,00 16.523,00 18)    11.345,00     83.333,00 29.180,00     40.265,00 16.314,48  
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   74,40 36,90 52,40   125,50 50,90   0,60   67,10 78,60 37)  38,90   107,90 30,10    
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   38,50 2,60 14,98   26,52 40,40       70,70 107,50     24,20      
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26     197.256,00 1.423.013,00   1.979.059,59 3.108.726,00       8.069.000,00 7.714.949,00            
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   232 177 375   157 176 18)    734 428 25 100 337     1.284 305  
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   206 106 240   83 186 2.171 245 294 30)  21 112 223     803 327  
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   16 14       33   480 7 30)  6 16 17     37 20  
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   46 38       87   394 69 30)  11 38 57     141 98  
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   124 13)  188 267   158 154 19)    426   17 113 38)  345     1.158    
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   7,60 12)        2,45 6,07     7,04 2,60 6,84            
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   200 13)  123 165   137 91 19)    183     86 268     734    
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     59 16     2 19)            94     212    
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34   60,30 14)                  50,00              
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   8.443.018 7.327.224 10.509.286 5.580.516 1.322.696 5.401.267 80.327.900 9.931.925 22)  59.685.227 524.900 4.985.870 10.487.289 20.095.996 2.058.821 46.818.219 8.036.917 62.989.550
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   100,70 67,50 43)  133,30 130,40 30,50 17,70 20)  229,40 107,20 23)  197,00   16,10 113,70 87,10 101,40 93,20 194,67 256,80 39) 
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   130,000 47,000 81,000 127,000 74,000 115,000 123,000 66,000 100,000   194,000 77,000 54,000 84,000 25,000 160,000 110,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Austria: Number of museums participating in the non-compulsory survey
3) Austria: Visits with unknown payment-status not taken into account
4) Austria: Employees and freelancers
5) Austria: Employees only
6) Austria: Inclusive museums expecting only a donation
7) Austria: n=199
8) Austria: n=215
9) Austria: n=198
10) Austria: n=173
11) Austria: Out of 372 institutions
12) Austria: Calculated for the museums which delivered data on both the payment-status and admission fees (n=189)
13) Austria: Out of 364 responding institutions
14) According to the Adult Education Survey 2011/12: population of age 25 to 64 that visited during the last 12 months museums, exhibitions or monuments.
15) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 325 museum sites
16) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum
17) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
18) Finland: Answers by museum sites
19) Finland: Answers by administrative units
20) Finland: concerns year 2011
21) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
22) Hungary: break in time series
23) Hungary: data concern year 2011
24) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2012 (of which 433 opened)
25) 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
26) Italy: 7 museum cards included in 2012
27) Italy: 26 museum cards included in 2012
28) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
29) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums
30) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
31) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2012
32) Norway: Number of museums according to type of collection: Not asked 2012
33) Norway: Only regular staff, number of persons
34) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librarians
35) Norway: based on ticket prices for adult visitors and exchange rate as of 31.12.2013 (source: http://www.norges-bank.no/en/price_stability/exchange-rates/eur/.)
36) Norway: Source for information on number of inhabitants in Norway: http://www.ssb.no/befolkning/statistikker/folkemengde/aar/2013-03-13#content
37) Norway: Total number of man-years per 100.000 inhabitants
38) Norway: Excluding the director of the museum, but including archivists, educationalists, librarians, guides as well as staff with museum education.
39) United Kingdom: This figure concerns year 2010
40) Including zoos and botanical gardens
41) This data is generated by the statistics of 514 museums who gave us this - not required - data
42) This information is only given by 514 museums. The total of their visits count 25% as free entrances
43) Bulgaria: data concerns 2011