Country     Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Germany Italy Latvia Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland
Year     2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010
Definition Working group definition 1a     X   X     X 6)  X X   X 22)  X        
National criteria 1b   X   X   X X       X   21)      X X X
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   201 34)  471 267 247 330 6.281 452 141 137 17)  782 616 22)  687 163 1.479 31)  169 1.064
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 137 67 232 76   1.003 452   93 252 244   112 717 115 293
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 18 2 35 29     5)      27 94 158   34 370 25 588
  2d Other museums 46 402   140   5.278     17 436 214   17 392 29 189
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 27 32 7 89 36 475 452 40 13 54 417     149 39 15
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 171 339   81 214 2.535   87 20 547       809 94 128
other public-owned museums 3c Total 3 35)  44     2 439   8 104 181       41   110
private-owned museums 3d Total   56 117 73 78 2.832   6   117 199     480 33 811
  3e Of which
ppp
          214               31 6 300
Management state-managed museums 4a Total   32   89 36   451 40 13 54       79 39 15
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total   339   81 214   5 87 20 547       836 94 128
other public-managed museums 4c Total   44   3 2     8 104 181       57   110
private-managed museums 4d Total   56   75 78   1 6   117       507 33 811
  4e Of which
ppp
            1             36 6 300
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a           78         782           206
Public > 50% 5b   201       252         117           175
Number of visits Total 6a   4.252.993 9.307.777 12.030.411 2.251.206 4.869.035 109.196.469 37 7)  2.372.247 10.548.193 22.216.000 10.362.944 23)  8.900.425 2.882.440 55.978.067 32)  16.788.436 12.526.600
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
1.002.162 2.713.575   432.913 2.502.978   21 7)  1.020.567 5.406.356 8.368 4.072.284 23)    1.839.968 33.306.950   3.590.000
  6c free admissions
%
23,60 29,20   19,23 51,40   58,44 42,40 51,30 37,60 39,30   63,80 59,50   30,00
  6d foreigners
Total
868.436 55.600   650.599 401.253     147.232 15)      2.808.629 23)    518.954 7.780.951    
  6e foreigners
%
20,40 0,60   29,00 8,20     6,10 16)      27,10   18,00 13,90    
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
4.019.197                              
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
94,50                              
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
2.500 5.703   1.486       1.788 3.407 18)    3.810 24)    2.032 14.784    
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.584 2.957   1.000       917     2.196 24)    1.244 4.511    
  7c FTES a year
Total
  5.703     2.644       3.727           4.029 4.500
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
  2.957,00     1.276,00       2.038,00 19)               
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
  1.336   617                 261 902    
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
                        135 353    
  7g FTES a year
Total
        18       207              
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                               
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,-         19 1.433 72 8)  107           329 6 10
  8b 2,5 - 5,-         62 1.220 100 9)  13 12         315 27 115
  8c > 5,-         58 285 54 10)    108         64 77 75
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 71     109 18 1.622 201 21 12   304 25)      637 59 300
  8e with museum card       19     72 11)                  860
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   2.045 3.847   1.539 1.134 9.172   1.043 1.068 4.894 259 26)    1.501 2.986    
Of which 9b Own production 1.073 2.636   1.163 559         3.148            
  9c Joined productions 972 1.211   376 206         1.746            
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   17.314.131 158.940.617   32.525.916 199.645.883     21.208.423         45.675.761   384.800.400  
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
      31.921.951 199.645.883     20.149.215 471.300.077           384.800.400 925.000.000
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
      14.190.942 95.818.576     12.078.569 244.415.551       26.951.802   195.442.100  
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
460.498     603.965       1.059.208                
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
123.056 2.149.616   603.965 2.746.841     169.296                
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   17.643.975 154.114.986   38.323.218 199.645.883   104.484.306 21.954.241 480.509.269       46.113.760   382.142.200  
Of which 11b Entry fees 2.638.284     2.438.868 10.158.536   104.484.306 2.087.159 33.275.232       6.264.821   37.790.000  
  11c Public subsidies 13.193.914     23.722.866 157.484.240     15.194.697         37.104.871   264.190.600  
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a   13.193.914 162.897.734   23.722.866 157.848.240     15.194.697 334.615.860           190.605.936  
Of which 12b Investments   63.196.868   14.552.874       267.124             207.004.300  
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   192 312   173 158     124 137   307 27)    163 1.252    
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 174     173 158     118 137       163 932    
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 42 137   100 57     53           586    
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 120       147     113         163 536    
  13e having an Internet access 158 312   171 158     120 137   289 27)    163 703    
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total         158               163 1.172   950
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 97 399             133         660    
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                               
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
        158       137         176    
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                          72    
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                                
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total 116 294     103     98 122         783    
  17b Of which
for school children
97 209     103       122   298 28)      631    
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
14 16     22                 78    
  17d for senior citizens 48 100     35           239 28)      302    
  17e for others 16 55     36           161 28)      526    
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   2,70 4,50   16,30     0,75 6,20 2,80   5,80   8,00      
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   2,70       6,10   0,75 6,20 2,80 2,03 3,20     3,20 1,81 13,52
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   56.448,00 88.370,00   167.980,00 90.502,00   61.878,00 105.509,00 217.121,00 57.703,00 97.420,00 29)    140.594,00 120.418,00 179.735,00 159,24
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   43.147,00     135.677,00 43.979,00   25.715,00 60.118,00 105.838,00 35.969,00 59.137,00 29)      50.088,00    
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   21.159,00 19.762,00   9.114,00     88,06 12)  16.824,00 76.994,00       17.684,00      
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23   21.159,00     9.114,00 15.408,00     16.824,00 76.994,00 28.265,00 30.479,00 29)      39.927,00 99.340,00 11.773,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   33,20 54,10   111,00 49,10     79,30 81,00   39,90 29)    111,80 32,10    
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   2,30 15,09   24,30 37,10     9,43 97,20       22,30   41,20  
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26   175.118,00 1.546.580,00   1.612.322,00 2.933.982,00     675.808,25 6.903.650,00           2.216.158,00  
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   185 371   136 179   418 114 107   332     1.310 143  
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   106 232   77 185 2.170 289 13)  67 122   217     811 156 349
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   15       34   7 14)    15   17     39   30
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   38       86   28 14)    38   57     149   135
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   201 267   137 158     125 122 20)  782 340     1.131    
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31         1,34 5,30   6,73 1,54 8,09              
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   152 156   125 88     63 92   234     813    
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33   49 32     7           77     243    
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34                             30,60 33)     
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   7.563.710 10.506.813 5.534.738 1.337.666 64.694.497 81.802.257 60.340.328 2.248.374 4.858.199 38.167.329 10.572.721 20.294.683 2.050.189 45.989.016 9.415.570 7.785.806
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   69,10 136,20 128,70 30,90 102,50 229,00 200,00 36,00 16,00 122,10 115,40 93,20 101,10 91,80 22,90 195,60
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   44,000 80,000 128,000 65,000 108,000 118,000 103,000 55,000 181,000 63,000 81,000 52,000 84,000 25,000 124,000 154,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Finland: Admission fee for the main site of a museum
3) Finland: included in the ordinary expenditures
4) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (158), not as museum sites.
5) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
6) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2010 (of which 424 opened)
7) Italy: Please note that, at the Pantheon, to free admission, was adopted from April 2010, a sample detection method that has provided more inflows than the previous one, based on the attendance register.
8) Italy: 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
9) Italy: 10 in 2008 and 2009 and 9 in 2010 museum cards included
10) Italy: 23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
11) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2010 there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
12) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
13) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
14) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
15) Latvia: 147.232 (in groups only)
16) Latvia: 6,1% (in groups only)
17) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2010.
18) Norway: only regular staff, number of persons
19) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librians.
20) Norway: Excluding the director of the museum, but including archivists, educationalists, librarians, guides as well as staff with museum education.
21) Portugal: Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: a) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; b) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; c) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician); d) existence of budget and e) existence of inventory.
22) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE.
23) Portugal: The number of visits are from the museums on national criteria.
24) Portugal: The paid staff are from the museums on national criteria.
25) Portugal: some museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and payed entrances.
26) Portugal: it reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
27) Portugal: it reports to the museums on national criteria.
28) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education program.
29) Portugal: only considered the visits on national criteria museums.
30) Portugal: on national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff (data collected every 3 years).
31) Spain: Museums that answered the statistical questionnaire. Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on libraries and archives centers are not included.
32) Spain: Estimation
33) Spain: Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2010 - 2011, Ministry of Culture
34) Bulgaria: The 2010 annual museum statistics cover 201 professionally-run museums, whose collections are movables cultural values - without museum sites whose collections are with public importance.
35) Bulgaria: Other public museum is understood here as a museum run by a foundation or association.