Country     Austria Belarus Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Hungary Italy Norway Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain Sweden
Year     2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008
Definition Working group definition 1a         X   X       X 30)  X X 39)        X
National criteria 1b   X X X   X   X X X 25)        41)      X  
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   493 2)  145 20)  222 455 272 224 326 6.190 671 435 166 36)  572 42)  688 180 1.455 55)  175
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 118 126 143 68 259 67   1.057 185 435 116 226   122 679 130
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 58 11 20 2 18 26     24)  153   28 139   38 355 28
  2d Other museums 313 8 59 385   131   5.130 333   22 207   20 421 17
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 28 13 30 31   80 36 480 96 435 14 360 43)    30 156 38
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 249 132 184 328   83 201 2.510 503   24     80 780 117
other public-owned museums 3c Total 3 1.000 8 43     2 429 6   128       37 81
private-owned museums 3d Total 213 2   53   61 87 2.771 66 26)      212 44)    51 482  
  3e Of which
ppp
              205             27  
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 4 13   31   80 36   84 431 14   45)      80 56
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 163 132   328   83 201   479 2 24       810 104
other public-managed museums 4c Total 51 1.000   43   2 1   6   128       56 67
private-managed museums 4d Total 275 2   53   61 87   102 26)  2         509  
  4e Of which
ppp
                  1         37  
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a               85   66              
Public > 50% 5b     145 222       241   605              
Number of visits Total 6a   12.097.500 3.977.205 4.631.338 9.586.707 10.626.668 2.058.817 5.141.377 104.852.334 10.123.438 33.106.648 10.195.986 8.382.260 47)  10.687.056 2.454.878 54.862.584 18.465.918
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
2.450.000 860.144 1.714.323 2.679.641   477.362 2.387.853   4.416.600 17.503.913 5.141.449 3.310.803 47)    1.793.734 32.149.474 11.749.296
  6c free admissions
%
24,50 3)  22,00 37,00 28,00   23,20 46,40   43,60 53,00 50,40 39,50   73,10 58,60 64,00
  6d foreigners
Total
  75.682 1.136.633     626.370 405.630   1.583.643 27)      2.176.325 47)    219.650 6.254.335  
  6e foreigners
%
  1,90 24,50     30,40 7,90   15,60     26,00   9,00 11,40  
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
  2.282.700 4.208.602                          
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
  57,00 90,90                          
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
5.015 4)  3.317 2.398 5.592   1.826     5.548   3.298 37)  3.385 48)    2.150 14.790  
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.239 5)  1.283 1.615 2.933   1.080     2.660     2.001 48)    1.279 4.122  
  7c FTES a year
Total
      5.592     2.606   4.557   3.638         4.640
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
      2.933,00     1.188,00   2.427,00              
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
3.349     925   401     259         237 1.021  
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
                152         130 335  
  7g FTES a year
Total
            19       203          
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                               
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 77 145         26 1.583   73 7       354 9
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 204 2         75 1.132   97 31)  42       246 66
  8c > 5,- 99           50 21)  210   49 32)  101       92 40
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 113 6)    119     125 13 1.626   179 16 268 49)      651 65
  8e with museum card   2       22       69 33)             
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a     2.583 2.011 3.801   1.503 1.189 9.145     1.119 245 50)    1.591 3.367  
Of which 9b Own production   1.815 1.221 1.407   911 704                  
  9c Joined productions   768 790 2.394   592 221                  
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   264.806.900 7)    17.621.025 142.770.492   31.211.829 189.129.364   223.532.544         57.866.681    
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
          30.667.238 189.129.364   218.327.811   364.141.935         394.715.130
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
          15.364.041 91.324.550   83.500.000   186.214.401     29.947.976   198.818.990
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
    507.692     544.591     5.204.734              
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
    231.282 2.721.583   544.591 2.287.397 22)    1.885.207              
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   252.652.800 8)    18.835.897 145.306.854   36.748.048 189.129.364   237.133.728 104.010.426 371.733.641     56.031.115   393.260.300
Of which 11b Entry fees 27.040.400 9)    2.484.615     2.415.924 11.070.260   19.010.059 104.010.426 27.885.945     7.741.360   35.822.039
  11c Public subsidies 182.041.800 10)    13.594.358     26.163.064 144.048.046   128.979.290         42.310.607    
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a       13.594.358 159.274.832   26.163.064 144.048.046   158.163.905   256.257.258         262.448.338
Of which 12b Investments       45.352.835   9.333.402     3.320.710              
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   338 11)  140 184 287   156 164 23)    486   166   51)    180 1.194 237
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 294 140 166     156 164       166     180 944  
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 172 2 30 127   79 50               608  
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 230 140 100       149   160         180 457 213
  13e having an Internet access 269 140 145 287   152 164   279       51)    180 683 237
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total   68       174 164 23)              180 1.050 237
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 276 11)  10 85 351         230   161       498  
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
  10                            
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
          173 164 23)    279 28)    166       176  
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                            86  
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)   10                            
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total   145 107 284     99 23)        147       774 209
  17b Of which
for school children
  145 95 209     99   148   147 240 52)      614 191
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
    21 15     19               58  
  17d for senior citizens   4 47 95     27         170 52)      274  
  17e for others   89 12 54     34         123 52)      511  
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18       2,90 4,40   16,70       0,73 3,50 5,40       2,70
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   5,90 1,40 2,90 4,40   16,70 6,10   6,70 0,73 3,50 3,00     3,20 2,70
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   145.427,30 2)  38.979,00 60.751,00 93.191,00   153.566,00 96.642,00     55.530,00 215.234,00 78.911,00 53)      120.131,00 197.012,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   90.992,60 12)  30.404,00 38.264,00     117.960,00 51.758,00   101.234,40 26.171,00 106.699,00 47.743,00     50.825,00 71.659,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22       20.862,00 21.070,00   9.110,00       82.560,00 61.422,00   53)    13.638,00    
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23   25.522,20 27.429,00 20.862,00 21.070,00   9.191,00 16.857,00   15.087,00   61.422,00 26.113,00 53)      39.929,00 73.569,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   60,30 39,00 31,50 54,40   136,20 49,00   55,50   81,10 36,80 53)    117,40 32,70 50,00
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   31,80   2,30 13,87   23,30 35,50   22,30   76,90     28,50   42,60
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26       178.324,00 1.548.282,00   1.951.484,00 2.707.670,00   1.581.639,00   5.409.500,00         2.835.440,00
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   237 145 192 355   140 180   497 395 127 288     1.258 176
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   216 13)  100 117 224   142 197 2.176 274 277 148 187     778 210
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   17 15)  145 15     85 35   22 9 34)  18 16     40  
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   52 16)  145 38       86   74 32 34)  50 55     149  
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   122 18)  145 222 248   136.140 164 23)    281   143 38)  321     1.094 185
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   4,80 17)  0,40       1,53 4,90   3,34 6,67 5,52         5,30
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   225 18)  100 139 170   108 91 23)    120   104       797 169
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     10 38 21     9 23)                322  
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34   62,20 19)                33,00 29)               
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   8.318.592 10.203.800 7.640.238 10.381.130 5.475.791 1.341.199 5.300.484 82.217.837 10.045.401 58.652.875 4.737.171 10.622.413 20.635.460 2.032.362 45.283.259 9.182.927
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   101,10 17,00 68,70 135,00 56)  127,50 30,90 17,50 229,90 107,90 199,30 35)  15,60 115,30 93,60 99,80 90,80 22,50
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   124,000   43,000 81,000 125,000 69,000 119,000 116,000 64,000 104,000 192,000 78,000 49,000 91,000 26,000 124,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Austria: in contrast to previous years the figures on the number of museums represent museum sites (local units) instead of institutions (organisational units)
3) Austria: visits with unknown payment-status not taken into account
4) Austria: employees and freelancers
5) Austria: employees only
6) Austria: inclusive museums expecting a donation
7) Austria: n = 209
8) Austria: n = 251
9) Austria: n = 264
10) Austria: n = 266
11) Austria: out of 415 museums
12) Austria: visits with unkonwn payment-status not taken in account
13) Austria: figure refers to sites instead of institutions
14) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
15) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
16) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
17) Austria: calculated for the museums which delivered data on both the payment-status and admission fees (n = 182)
18) Austria: out of 391 responding institutions
19) Austria: according to the Adult Education Survey 2007: population of age 25 to 64 that visited during the last 12 months museums, exhibitions or monuments
20) Belarus: Only museums registered by Ministry of Culture of Belarus
21) Finland: Admission fee for the main site of a museum
22) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditure
23) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (164) not as a museum site
24) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
25) Hungary: museums and sites of museum nature must have a license of operation to be considered a museum institution and only these are included in the statistics
26) Hungary: including church museums
27) Hungary: estimation
28) Hungary: www.museum.hu
29) Hungary: in 2003, Gallup (http://ec.europa.eu/culture/pdf/doc973_en.pdf
30) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2008 (of which 400 opended)
31) Italy: 9 museum cards included
32) Italy: 24 museum cards included
33) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2008 there are 33 circuits of museums, equal to 69 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
34) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
35) Italy: concerns year 2007
36) Norway: 166 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2008
37) Norway: only regular staff, number of persons
38) Norway: including archivist, educationalist, librarian, guides as well as staff with museum education
39) Portugal: 605 questionnaires had been sent out. 597 questionnaires had been returned. 592 museums had an activity in 2008. Museums that had answered to the INE
40) Portugal: 321 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
41) Portugal: museums that had answered the INE. Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permantly or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least, one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory
42) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE
43) Portugal: estimated information from total museums. In Portugal the ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same.
44) Portugal: estimated information from total museums
45) Portugal: In Portugal the ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same.
46) Portugal: The number of visits are from the museums on national criteria.
47) Portugal: The number of visits is from the museums on national criteria
48) Portugal: The Paid Staff are from the museums on national criteria.
49) Portugal: some Museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and other Museums have free and paid entrances.
50) Portugal: It reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
51) Portugal: It reports to the museums on national criteria (data collected every 3 years).
52) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme.
53) Portugal: only considered the Visits on national criteria Museums.
54) Portugal: On national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff (data collected every 3 years).
55) Spain: Museums that answered the statistical questionnaire. Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on librairies and archives centers are not included.
56) Czech Republic: density on 1.1.2007