Country     Austria Belarus Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Finland Germany Italy Latvia Luxembourg Macedonia Norway Portugal Romania Slovenia Spain
Year     2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006
Definition Working group definition 1a         X       X X 68)  X   X X X    
National criteria 1b   X X X 12)    X X X       X     78)      X
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   399 137 200 13)  442 257 322 26)  6.175 4.742 30)  127 69)  39 76)  22 102)  175 575 80)  742 93)  177 95)  1.343 96) 
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 79 118 56 14)  62 246 131 1.084 2.785 31)    13 21 103)  125 210 333 126 636
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 53 11 23 15)  2 16 43   29)  1.071 32)    15   25 148 175 33 316
  2d Other museums 267 8 121 16)  383   148 5.091 886 33)    11 1 25 217 81)  342 7 391
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 17 15 33 17)  33   37 476 481 34)  36 14 15 15 357     157
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 185 122 145 316   197 2.529 2.158 35)  84 17 7 25       720
other public-owned museums 3c Total 2 1.000 21 41     425 321 36)    5   132       17
private-owned museums 3d Total 196   1 52   88 2.745 1.782 37)    3   1 218 57   449
  3e Of which
ppp
            207 373 38)                27
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 3 15 33 18)  33   37   466 39)  36 3 15 15       92
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 139 122 145 316   197   1.520 40)  84 6 7 25       741
other public-managed museums 4c Total 21 1.000 21 41       360 41)    3   132       32
private-managed museums 4d Total 236 2 1 52   88   2.387 42)  7 27   1   57   478
  4e Of which
ppp
              27 43)                31
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a       1     88   2.348 44)              48  
Public > 50% 5b     137 199     234   2.394 45)      22 104)        30  
Number of visits Total 6a   11.579.900 3.630.800 2.505.700 9.763.171 10.175.139 4.527.830 102.645.078 97.276.585 46)  2.174.654 384.219 163.395 9.330.587 7.756.630 82)  2.711.604 2.340.558 52.173.104 97) 
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
2.542.400 969.418   2.456.483   1.721.957   45.249.223 47)    132.362   4.462.322   667.804 1.583.050 28.695.207
  6c free admissions
%
27,50 2)  27,00   25,20   38,00   46,50 48)    34,40   47,80   26,52 67,63 55,00
  6d foreigners
Total
  54.850             179.033 70)  109.450       225.396   8.973.774
  6e foreigners
%
  1,50             8,20 71)  28,50       8,95   17,20
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
  2.080.300                 80.096     1.729.000    
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
  57,00                            
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
4.662 3)  3.160 1.383 19)  5.421 100)        19.839 49)  1.997 72)  324 449 2.997 3.277 83)  4.934 2.343 14.370 97) 
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
1.270 4)  1.208 907 2.734 100)          923 73)  52 280   1.814 84)  2.946 1.162 3.857
  7c FTES a year
Total
    907 5.421 100)    2.238       291 449 3.579   348    
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
    88,00 2.734,00 100)    921,00       47,90 280,00          
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
3.158     20)          12.262 50)              203 1.796
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
                              382
  7g FTES a year
Total
          44           182        
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                               
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 84 135         1.660   122   21     428 12 332
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 203 2       145 974         31   8 46 239
  8c > 5,- 76         45 153         122       44
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 115 5)          30 1.654 2.646 51)  5 74)  9 1 17   306 72 583
  8e with museum card               1.206 53)                 
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a     2.212   3.760   1.179 9.198   1.240 35 211 1.040 200 85)    1.477 3.506
Of which 9b Own production   1.489   1.612   641         147          
  9c Joined productions   723   2.148   207         64          
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a   215.651.900 6)      113.387.075 101)          19.950.494 20.105.000 77)          425.630.416  
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
          164.749.237     11.292.252 19.370.000   357.115.104     132.904.208  
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
          79.613.500     8.126.201 9.805.000   178.225.260     248.684.208  
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
                7.984.374 735.000            
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
                247.722 602.000            
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   212.348.600 7)      114.868.988 101)    164.749.237     54)  20.133.417 16.550.000   363.723.047     405.600.708  
Of which 11b Entry fees 25.936.500 8)          9.904.575   253.714.352 55)  1.604.162 342.600   26.333.594     34.555.791  
  11c Public subsidies 151.842.600 9)          122.546.378     14.042.605 14.100.000         335.774.708  
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a         115.230.518 100)    122.546.378     16.500.111 41.000.000 740.000 105)  243.127.734     425.630.416  
Of which 12b Investments       24.533.547 101)          987.472 17.900.000         15.225.791  
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a   318 130 158 267   163 27)    1.060 56)  88   22 175 247 86)  347 164 1.026
Of which 13b for administrative purpose 268 130 20     163     85   22 175     164 786
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) 169   20 107       1.060 56)  41           164 555
  13d having a database for electronic inventory 220 76 114     142     52   8     115 164 450
  13e having an Internet access 240 40 162 267   163     122   22   218 86)  306 164 577
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total   27 111     159       20 5     238 164 768
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total 248 17                 5     148 164  
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
  10                 5       164  
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
    200     159         2 175   238 164 221
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
    173                       11 67
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)   17 100 21)                        11  
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total   137 130 24)      99     84 21 1 161     51 620
  17b Of which
for school children
  137 125 24)      98       19 1 160 222   51 493
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
          16                   40
  17d for senior citizens   10       18       8         48 216
  17e for others   137       30       12           370
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18       4,50 4,30         5,50 8,30 1,10 3,80 5,40 2,50 8,90  
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   4,80 1,30 4,50 4,30   6,10     5,50   1,10 3,80 2,60 3,42 0,60 3,10
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   140.092,00 35.582,00 56.434,00 96.906,00   85.430,00   164.510,00 57)  95.195,00 81.906,00 8.170,00 201.081,00 73.284,00 87)  3.081,27 116.602,00 118.548,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   81.093,20 2)  26.082,00       52.941,00   87.986,00 58)    53.689,00   96.166,00   8.534,47   54.371,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22       12.528,00 22)  22.089,00       20.514,00 59)  17.123,00 9.852,00 7.427,20 53.318,00   20.281,00    
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23   29.999,60 26.502,00 12.528,00 22)  22.089,00   14.797,00   20.514,00 59)  17.123,00   7.427,20 53.318,00 28.104,00 3.654,45 13.223,00 38.848,00
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24   56,40 30,00 31,14 23)  52,70 100)    42,20   54,30 50)  87,40 69,00 22,45 77,10 36,00 22,76 117,00 32,80
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25   26,00     11,02   23,20     8,43 42,90   76,90        
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26         1.120.136,00   2.312.196,00 28)      722.928,10 8.740.000,00   5.239.575,00        
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   234 138 170 24)  349 100)    230 2.246 2.876 60)  102 23 22 128 274 88)  742 164 958
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   159 105 65 228   210 2.126 1.501 61)  69 14   149 164 92)  59 48 722
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   12         37   64 64)    4   17 14 89)      39
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   32         89   308 64)    9   48 42 90)      136
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30   136 137 158 227 99)    163     116 11 22   276 91)    127 976
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   5,30 10)  0,50 1,70 24)      3,60   6,60 65)      0,90       1.300,00  
Number of museums with at least one publication   32   223 120 96 25)      87     74   22 103 234 92)  74 107 672
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33     15 13 25)      16                 48  
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34   39,00 11)          37,50   47,00 66)    32,10   45,00   10,00 27,00 31,20 98) 
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   8.254.298 10.203.800 4.442.884 10.251.079 5.427.459 5.255.580 82.437.995 58.064.214 2.294.590 469.086 2.038.514 4.640.219 10.584.344 21.610.213 2.003.358 43.758.250
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   100,30 17,00 78,50 132,90 126,20 17,30 230,70 197,00 67)  36,70 182,80 81,90 15,30 114,90 93,90 99,60 87,20
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   126,000   58,000 80,000 124,000 114,000 115,000 105,000 51,000 270,000 30,000 185,000 79,000 38,000 94)  88,000 25,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) Austria: Visits with unknown payment-status not taken into account
3) Austria: Employees and freelancers
4) Austria: Employees only
5) Austria: Inclusive museums expecting a donation
6) Austria: n = 203
7) Austria: n = 212
8) Austria: n = 214
9) Austria: n = 213
10) Austria: Calculated for those museums which delivered data on the payment-status as well as entry fees (n = 187). The suggested calculation method would result in an average price of 2,9.-€.
11) Austria: Reference period 2nd quarter 2006 - 1st quarter 2007
12) Croatia: Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
13) Croatia: The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archaeological sites...)
14) Croatia: category not applicable; most of the "other" museums are complex/local or regional history museums which can be included in this category where are enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
15) Croatia: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
16) Croatia: category not applicable; most these museums are complex/local or regional history museums which can be included in this category where are enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
17) Croatia: in the category "Ownership" are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field.
18) Croatia: in the category "Management" are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field.
19) Croatia: Source: Statistical Information published by the Central Bureau of Statistics, 2006
20) Croatia: Source: First Releases - Education, Research And Development, Culture And Social Welfare, 2007 (research 2006)
21) Croatia: estimation (some museums are connected to local authorities portals, some on tourist boards portals, some on zhe Ministry of Culture portal etc.)
22) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2006
23) Croatia: the figure regarding total number of specialised staff would be 21,64
24) Croatia: estimation
25) Croatia: source: MDC - 25th exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2006.
26) Finland: The 2006 annual museum statistics cover 163 professionally-run museums. All museum sites maintained by these museums are included.
27) Finland: All professionnally-run museums have at least one computer but not all museum sites
28) Finland: Large public investments not included
29) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
30) Italy: Data on 402 state-owned museums (managed directly by the Ministry) are collected every year by the Ministry of Culture. Data on 4.340 other public and private museums are collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics.
31) Italy: 402 State-owned museums and 2.383 other public and private museums, includes archaeological sites, churches, historical buildings (villas, castles) and musealized historical gardens and monuments.
32) Italy: includes monuments of civil and industrial architecture ( 0 State-owned museums and 1.071) other public and private museums
33) Italy: includes mausoleums, memorials ( of which 0 State-owned museums and 886 other public and private museums).
34) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 79 other public and private museums
35) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.158 other public and private museums
36) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 321 other public and private museums
37) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 1.782 other public and private museums
38) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 373 other public and private museums
39) Italy: of which 398 State-owned museums and 68 other public and private museums
40) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 1.518 other public and private museums
41) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 360 other public and private museums
42) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 2.385 other public and private museums
43) Italy: of which 1 State-owned museums and 26 other public and private museums
44) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.348 other public and private museums
45) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 1.992 other public and private museums
46) Italy: of which 34.574.591 visits in State-owned museums and 62.701.994 visits in other public and private museums
47) Italy: of which 18.110.074 free admissions in State-owned museums and 27.139.149 free admissions in other public and private museums
48) Italy: of which 52,4% free admissions in State-owned museums and 43,3% of free admissions in other public and private museums
49) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not avaialble.
50) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not available.
51) Italy: of which 184 State-owned museums with free entrance and 2.462 other public and private museums with free entrance.
52) The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2006 there are 35 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
53) Italy:of which 69 State-owned museums with museum card and 1.137 other public and private museums with museum card. For State-owned Museums, 2008 data.
54) The value concerns the gross-income of the 402 opened museums.
55) Italy: of which 104.411.477 entry fees related to State-owned museums and 149.302.875 entry fees related to other public and private museums
56) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 658 other public and private museums
57) Italy: 58.471 related to State-owned museums and 106.039 related to other public and private museums
58) Italy: 27.844 related to State-owned museums and 60.142 related to other public and private museums
59) Italy: 86.006 related to State-owned museums and 14.447 related to other public and private museums
60) Italy: of which 395 State-owned museums and 2.481 other public and private museums
61) Italy: of which 275 State-owned museums and 1.226 other public and private museums
62) Italy: for State-owned museums 9 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 55 museums are necessary.
63) Italy: for State-owned museums 32 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 276 museums are necessary.
64) The number includes also the Circuits.
65) Italy: State-owned museums only.
66) Italy: Source: Multipurpose survey on households: aspects of daily life, the Italian National Institute of Statistics
67) concerns Year 2005
68) There are currently no overarching categories used in the classification of museum collections – each museum defines their own categories according to the themes of their collection and their own traditions.
69) State and municipal museums
70) in groups only
71) 6,7% (in groups only)
72) Normal working hours in Latvia: 40 hours a week
73) with higher education
74) There are no public museums with free entrance in Latvia. In many museums there are free entrance days (for all or for some categories of visitors) within the week or within the year.
75) Luxembourg: out of 39 museums having answered on the questionnaire
76) Out of 46 museums opened in 2006 and registered by the Ministry of Culture on the territory of the Grand-Duchy and having answered on the questionnaire
77) data from 24 museums
78) Portugal: 276 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
79) include 21 zoological, botanic gardens and aquarium
80) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE
81) Include 21 zoological, botanic gardens and aquarium
82) Portugal 2006: on national criteria, 291 museums are considered. Included 2.558.516 visitors from 15 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquatic gardens.
83) Portugal: includes 637 from 15 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium.
84) Portugal: includes 187 from 15 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium.
85) 291 museums are considered, included 7 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium. It reports to the museums that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
86) Included 15 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
87) Population 2006: 10.584.344 inhabitants
88) Included 19 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
89) Included 3 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
90) Included 8 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
91) Included 18 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
92) Included 13 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
93) According to the statistics museal collections and museum from Romania, held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC - Institute for Culture Memory
94) Romania: forecast
95) In 2006, of the 177 museums, museum collections, exhibition grounds and galleries that transmitted data on their activity 46 were museums (26% of all museums and exhibition organizations), 28 were museum collections (15,8%), 3 were special museums for art heritage (1,7%), 64 were exhibitions grounds and galleries (36,2%) and the rest (20,3%) were other types of museums and exhibition grounds.
96) 1.343 museums answered the statistical questionnaire (out of approximately 1.489 museums). Conservation institutes and exhibitions galleries on libraries and archives centres are not included
97) Estimation, with no response in 182 museums
98) Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2006 – 2007. Ministry of Culture
99) Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
100) Czech Republic: Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
101) Czech Republic: Estimation
102) Republic of Macedonia, State Statistical Office - Museums and museum collections, 2006
103) The number includes the ethnology museums, too. (The statistical report refers only to the type of the museums by the founder).
104) Macedonia: The permanent collections in the museums in Macedonia are 100% state-owned.
105) Macedonia: 2005 Annual Report of the Ministry of Culture