Country     Romania
Year     2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2002 2000
Definition Working group definition 1a   X X X X X X X X   X X X X  
National criteria 1b                              
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   761 738 739 750 663 709 687 694 688 748 6)  742 4)  742 548 519
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 262 258 754 257           446 7)  333 333 211 209
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums 242 233 237 241           125 8)  175 175 113 144
  2d Other museums 257 247 248 252           177 9)  342 342 200 166
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 77 74 73             54        
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total 592 574 577             568        
other public-owned museums 3c Total                   32        
private-owned museums 3d Total 92 90 89 82           94 57 57    
  3e Of which
ppp
                           
Management state-managed museums 4a Total                   54        
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total                   568        
other public-managed museums 4c Total                   32        
private-managed museums 4d Total                   94 57 57   50
  4e Of which
ppp
                           
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                              
Public > 50% 5b                              
Number of visits Total 6a   14.196.944 13.051.886 10.823.706 10.927.765 10.076.330 9.527.938 8.900.425 10.169.087 10.687.056 3.633.443 11)  2.711.604 27.111.604 11.114.000 1.615.000
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
3.954.295 4.106.357 3.374.600 4.015.800           995.548 667.804 667.804    
  6c free admissions
%
                    26,52 26,52    
  6d foreigners
Total
                  291.344 225.396 225.396    
  6e foreigners
%
                    8,95 8,95    
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
                  2.346.551 1.729.000 1.729.000 1.729.000  
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                           
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
6.915 6.589 6.554 6.350           4.886 12)  4.934 4.934    
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
3.683 3.505 3.601 3.522           3.312 2.946 2.946 3.760 3.545
  7c FTES a year
Total
                  240 348 348    
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                  240,00        
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
                           
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
                           
  7g FTES a year
Total
                           
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                           
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,-                   428 428 428 548 519
  8b 2,5 - 5,-                   7 8 8   -  
  8c > 5,-                   1       -  
Number of museums 8d with free entrance                   312 306 306   -  
  8e with museum card                           -  
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a   3.088 3.061 3.088 3.136                 813 2)   
Of which 9b Own production 2.087 2.128 2.161 2.145                    
  9c Joined productions 1.001 933 927 991                    
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a                              
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
                           
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
                           
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
                           
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
                           
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a                              
Of which 11b Entry fees                            
  11c Public subsidies                            
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a                              
Of which 12b Investments                            
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a                     464 13)  347 347    
Of which 13b for administrative purpose                            
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system)                            
  13d having a database for electronic inventory                   138 14)  115 115    
  13e having an Internet access                   213 306 306    
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total                   236 16)  238 238    
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total                   170 16)  148 148    
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                           
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
                  58 16)  238 238    
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                           
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                   8        
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total                            
  17b Of which
for school children
                           
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
                           
  17d for senior citizens                            
  17e for others                            
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18                     3,46 17)  2,50 2,50 2,00 3)   
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19                     3,46 17)  3,42 3,42    
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20                     16.803,94 17)  3.081,27 3.081,27 50.993,00 7.340,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21                     12.199,01 17)  8.534,47 8.534,47    
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22                     20.281,00 17)  20.281,00 20.281,00 20.281,00 3.111,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23                     4.857,54 17)  3.654,45 3.654,45    
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24                     22,59 18)  22,76 22,76 17,00 3)   
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25                              
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26                              
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27                     695 19)  742 742 548 519
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28                     31 59 59    
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a                              
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b                              
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30                              
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31                              
Number of museums with at least one publication   32                     78 74 74    
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33                              
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34                     10,00 10,00 10,00 10,00  
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   19.760.314 19 19.947.311 20 20.095.996 20.199.059 20.294.683 20.440.290 20.635.460 21.565.119 20)  21.610.213 21.658.528 21.833.483 22.455.485
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36     86,10 86,50 86,90 87,10 93,00 93,20 93,40 93,60 93,70 21)  93,90 94,10 94,80 97,60
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   59,000 57,000 55,000 55,000 54,000 52,000 52,000 50,000 49,000 42,000 5)  38,000 5)  35,000 29,000 26,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) It represents the total number of exhibitions organized in museums in Romania in 2002. There are no specific data concerning the period of time for which the exhibitions were organized.
3) Romania had a general census on the 18th of March, 2002. The data of this chapter refers to those considered at the 1st of July, 2002. However, the number of museums, visits and staff was by the end of the year. Concerning staff, only the specialized staff was considered.
4) According to the statistics museal collections and museum from Romania, held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC - Institute for Culture Memory
5) Romania: forecast
6) According to the statistics museal collections and museum from Romania, held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC- Institute for Culture Memory
7) include: Art, history, numismatics, archaeology, memorials, rare books, military history
8) include: Science and technology, ethnography
9) include: Local rural collections, Natural Sciences
10) According to the information received from 96 institutions between 2003 – 2006 (16.10.2006)
11) according to the information received from 109 institutions until 2007 (03.03.2008); other source: total number of visits: 5.053.996
12) according to the information received from 109 museums until 2007 (03.03.2008)
13) museums have received for free from cIMeC the software application for recording the cultural movable heritage DOCPAT (Programme financed by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs)
14) Museums that have received the software application for recording the cultural movable heritage DOCPAT (Programme financed by Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs)
15) according to the statistics for collections and museums held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC - Institute for Culture Memory
16) According to the information received from 96 institutions between 2003 – 2006 (16.10.2006)
17) Romania had a general census on the 18th of March, 2002. The data of this chapter refers to those considered at the 1st of July, 2002. However, the number of museums visits and staff was by the end of the year. Concerning staff, only the specialized staff was considered
18) Only the specialized staff is considered
19) according to informations received from 109 institutions between 2003 - 2007 (03.03.2008)
20) From "Romania by figures issued by the National Institute of Statistics", 1 July 2005, population density in 2002
21) Figures issued by the National Institute of Statistics, June 2005