Country     Italy
Year     2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2003
Definition Working group definition 1a   X 83)  X 77)  X X 70)  X 65)  X 59)  X X X X
National criteria 1b                      
Number of museums according to type of collection total 2a   459 459 4.588 76)  452 449 435 430 52)  4.742 14)  424 9)  417 3) 
of which 2b Art, archaeology and history museums 459 459 3.600 452 449 435 430 2.785 15)  424 417
  2c Science and technology museums, ethnology museums     1.152         1.071 16)     
  2d Other museums     931         886 17)     
Ownership state-owned museums 3a Total 459 459 454 452 449 435 430 481 18)  424 414
local-, regional-owned museums 3b Total     2.120         2.158 19)     
other public-owned museums 3c Total     351         321 20)     
private-owned museums 3d Total     1.618         1.782 21)     
  3e Of which
ppp
              373 22)     
Management state-managed museums 4a Total 450 450 401 451 448 431 424 466 23)  417 414
local-, regional-managed museums 4b Total 7 7 1.353 5 5 2 2 1.520 24)  4 1
other public-managed museums 4c Total     285       1 360 25)  1 1
private-managed museums 4d Total 2 2 3.455 1 1 2 3 2.387 26)  2 1
  4e Of which
ppp
2 2   1 1 1 1 27 27)  2 1
Ownership of permanent collection Public ≤ 50% 5a                 2.348 28)     
Public > 50% 5b                 2.394 29)     
Number of visits Total 6a   38.190.401 37.138.436 103.888.764 37 71)  32.380.144 33.106.648 34.443.085 97.276.585 30)  33.048.137 31.156.001
Of which 6b free admissions
Total
17.503.913 20.392.588 48.899.140 21 71)  17.775.778 17.503.913 18.196.154 45.249.223 31)  17.518.382 16.006.812
  6c free admissions
%
53,94 54,90 47,10 58,44 55,00 53,00 52,83 46,50 32)  53,00 51,00
  6d foreigners
Total
                   
  6e foreigners
%
    44,90              
  6f temporary exhibitions
Total
    33.114.515              
  6g temporary exhibitions
%
                   
Staff Paid staff 7a Number
Total
    20.710         19.839 33)     
  7b Number
Of which
specialised
                   
  7c FTES a year
Total
                   
  7d FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                   
Volunteers 7e Number
Total
    16.405         12.262 34)     
  7f Number
Of which
specialised
                   
  7g FTES a year
Total
                   
  7h FTES a year
Of which
specialised
                   
Admissions Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) 8a < 2,5,- 54 84)  60 78)    72 72)  78 73 70 53)    80 92
  8b 2,5 - 5,- 108 85)  103 79)    100 66)  98 66)  97 60)  108 54)    99 10)  88 4) 
  8c > 5,- 64 86)  62 80)    54 73)  52 67)  49 61)  45 55)    24 11)  21 5) 
Number of museums 8d with free entrance 206 210 2.248 201 197 179 177 2.646 35)  180 181
  8e with museum card 77 87)  77 81)  1.088 72 74)  71 68)  69 62)  73 56)  1.206 37)  70 12)  75 6) 
Temporary exhibitions Total 9a       6.663              
Of which 9b Own production                    
  9c Joined productions                    
Expenditure (of museums) Total (In EUR) 10a                      
Of which 10b Ordinary expenditures
Total
                   
  10c Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
                   
  10d Extraordinary expenditures
Total
                   
  10e Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
                   
Income (of museums) Total (in EUR) 11a   125.826.333 117.942.759   104.484.306 97.051.940 104.010.426 106.033.151 57)    38)  93.971.162 13)  85.292.288 7) 
Of which 11b Entry fees 125.826.333 117.942.759   104.484.306 97.051.940 104.010.426 106.033.151 253.714.352 39)  93.971.162 85.292.288
  11c Public subsidies                    
Public expenditure (for museums) Total (in EUR) 12a                      
Of which 12b Investments                    
Number of museums making use of computers Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer 13a                 1.060 40)     
Of which 13b for administrative purpose                    
  13c for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system)               1.060 40)     
  13d having a database for electronic inventory                    
  13e having an Internet access                    
Information - Diffusion - Education Number of museums possessing a web-site 14 Total     2.326              
Number of museums possessing an own web-site 15a Total     2.326              
  15b Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
                   
Number of museums 16a connected to a museum portal
Total
                   
  16b connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
                   
  16c connected to (an)other portal(s)                    
Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme 17a Total     2.688              
  17b Of which
for school children
                   
  17c Of which
for ethnic minorities
                   
  17d for senior citizens                    
  17e for others                    
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
18   0,76 0,77 0,77 0,75 0,75 0,73 0,72   0,70 0,70
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
  19   0,76 0,77 0,77 0,75 0,75 0,73 0,72   0,70 0,70
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
  20   62.831,00 62.224,00 174.913,97 61.878,00 53.926,00 55.530,00 57.772,00 164.510,00 41)  56.529,00 54.354,00
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
  21   28.942,00 28.057,00 174.913,97 25.715,00 24.322,00 26.171,00 27.251,00 87.986,00 42)  26.564,00 26.429,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
  22   88.609,00 88)  85,77 82)  92.393,94 88,06 69)  76,55 69)  82.560,00 86.108,00 20.514,00 43)  82.209,00 77.890,00
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
  23       23.430,00         20.514,00 43)     
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants   24       34,80         54,30 34)     
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)   25                      
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)   26                      
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year   27   418 428 2.588 418 413 395 396 2.876 44)  397 393
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
  28   279 58)  294 63)  1.492 289 75)  278 63)  277 273 1.501 45)  275 252
Number of museums necessary to reach 50 % of total visits (including free entries) 29a   7 58)  7 63)    7 63)  9 63)  9 63)  9 58)  64 48)  9 10
75 % of total visits (including free entries) 29b   29 58)  69 63)    28 63)  31 63)  32 63)  33 58)  308 48)  34 36
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff 30                      
Average price paid
(in EUR)
  31   7,15 7,04   6,73 6,65 6,67 6,53 6,60 49)  6,05 563,00
Number of museums with at least one publication   32                      
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier   33                      
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
  34                 47,00 50)    28,00 8) 
Population
Source: Eurostat
  35   59.685.227 59.685.227 59.394.207 60.340.328 60.045.068 58.652.875 58.223.744 58.064.214 57.874.753 57.130.506
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
  36   197,00 197,00 199,80 200,00 199,00 199,30 64)  198,00 197,00 51)  196,40 194,20
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
  37   98,000 100,000 105,000 103,000 104,000 104,000 104,000 105,000 105,000 111,000


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2003, there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 75 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price.
3) The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only the State-owned museums existing on Italian territory in 2003 (of which 400 opened)
4) 4 Museum cards equal to 10 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
5) 4 Museum cards equal to 8 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
6) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2003, there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 75 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price.
7) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the museums managed by the State (400 opened museums in total).
8) Istat 2002 (Citizens and Leisure). Visits to museums and galleries in own country at least once during the last 12 months. Population: 6 years and older.
9) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only the State-owned museums existing on Italian territory in 2005 (of which 402 opened).
10) Italy: 4 Museum cards equal to 12 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
11) Italy: 4 Museum cards equal to 13 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
12) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2005 there are 34 circuits of museums, equal to 70 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
13) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the 402 museums opened.
14) Italy: Data on 402 state-owned museums (managed directly by the Ministry) are collected every year by the Ministry of Culture. Data on 4.340 other public and private museums are collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics.
15) Italy: 402 State-owned museums and 2.383 other public and private museums, includes archaeological sites, churches, historical buildings (villas, castles) and musealized historical gardens and monuments.
16) Italy: includes monuments of civil and industrial architecture ( 0 State-owned museums and 1.071) other public and private museums
17) Italy: includes mausoleums, memorials ( of which 0 State-owned museums and 886 other public and private museums).
18) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 79 other public and private museums
19) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.158 other public and private museums
20) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 321 other public and private museums
21) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 1.782 other public and private museums
22) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 373 other public and private museums
23) Italy: of which 398 State-owned museums and 68 other public and private museums
24) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 1.518 other public and private museums
25) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 360 other public and private museums
26) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 2.385 other public and private museums
27) Italy: of which 1 State-owned museums and 26 other public and private museums
28) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.348 other public and private museums
29) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 1.992 other public and private museums
30) Italy: of which 34.574.591 visits in State-owned museums and 62.701.994 visits in other public and private museums
31) Italy: of which 18.110.074 free admissions in State-owned museums and 27.139.149 free admissions in other public and private museums
32) Italy: of which 52,4% free admissions in State-owned museums and 43,3% of free admissions in other public and private museums
33) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not avaialble.
34) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not available.
35) Italy: of which 184 State-owned museums with free entrance and 2.462 other public and private museums with free entrance.
36) Italy:of which 69 State-owned museums with museum card and 1.137 other public and private museums with museum card. For State-owned Museums, 2008 data.
37) The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2006 there are 35 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
38) The value concerns the gross-income of the 402 opened museums.
39) Italy: of which 104.411.477 entry fees related to State-owned museums and 149.302.875 entry fees related to other public and private museums
40) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 658 other public and private museums
41) Italy: 58.471 related to State-owned museums and 106.039 related to other public and private museums
42) Italy: 27.844 related to State-owned museums and 60.142 related to other public and private museums
43) Italy: 86.006 related to State-owned museums and 14.447 related to other public and private museums
44) Italy: of which 395 State-owned museums and 2.481 other public and private museums
45) Italy: of which 275 State-owned museums and 1.226 other public and private museums
46) Italy: for State-owned museums 9 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 55 museums are necessary.
47) Italy: for State-owned museums 32 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 276 museums are necessary.
48) The number includes also the Circuits.
49) Italy: State-owned museums only.
50) Italy: Source: Multipurpose survey on households: aspects of daily life, the Italian National Institute of Statistics
51) concerns Year 2005
52) Italy: The data (visits and incomes) of the whole table, collected by the Ministry of Culture, Heritage and Activities, concern only the State-owned opened museums (n. 400) existing on Italian territory in 2007.
53) Italy: 5 museums with no applied fees are included.
54) Italy: 4 museum cards equal to 12 museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in)).
55) Italy: 7 museum cards equal to 20 museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in)).
56) Italy: the value concerns the number with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2007 there are 35 circuits of museums, equal to 73 museums. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
57) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the 400 opened museums.
58) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits.
59) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2008 (of which 400 opended)
60) Italy: 9 museum cards included
61) Italy: 24 museum cards included
62) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2008 there are 33 circuits of museums, equal to 69 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
63) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
64) Italy: concerns year 2007
65) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2009 (of which 423 opened)
66) Italy: 10 in 2008 and 2009 and 9 in 2010 museum cards included
67) Italy:23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
68) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2009 there are 34 circuits of museums, equal to 71 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
69) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
70) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2010 (of which 424 opened)
71) Italy: Please note that, at the Pantheon, to free admission, was adopted from April 2010, a sample detection method that has provided more inflows than the previous one, based on the attendance register.
72) Italy: 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
73) Italy: 23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
74) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2010 there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
75) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
76) Italy: Data on state-owned museums (managed directly by the Ministry) are collected every year by the Ministry of Culture. Data on other public and private museums are collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics
77) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2012 (of which 433 opened)
78) 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
79) Italy: 7 museum cards included in 2012
80) Italy: 26 museum cards included in 2012
81) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
82) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums
83) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2013 (of which 431 opened)
84) Italy: 1 museum card included in 2013 (53 + 1)
85) Italy: 8 museum cards included in 2013 (100 + 8)
86) Italy: 25 museum cards included in 2013 (35 + 29)
87) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
88) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.