Country Year Definition Number of museums according to type of collection Ownership Management Ownership of permanent collection Number of visits Staff Admissions Temporary exhibitions Expenditure (of museums) Income (of museums) Public expenditure (for museums) Number of museums making use of computers Information - Diffusion - Education
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on working group definition
Museums per 100.000 inhabitants
on natioinal criteria
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
including free entries
Visits per 100.000 inhabitants
excluding free entries
Average number of visits per museum
according to working group definition
Average number of visits per museum
according to national criteria
Staff per 100.000 inhabitants
Expenditure per capita (in EUR)
Public Expenditure per 100.000 inhabitants (in EUR)
Number of museums opened 200 days and more a year
Number of museums with more than 5.000 visits a year
including free entries
Number of museums necessary to reach
Number of museums employing at least 1 specialised staff
Average price paid
(in EUR)
Number of museums with at least one publication
Number of museums with at least one publication on an electronic data carrier
Museum participation
Source: Eurobarometer 1)
Population
Source: Eurostat
Density inhabitants/km²
Source: Eurostat
Purchasing Power Parity in EUR
Source: Eurostat
   Working group definition National criteria total of which state-owned museums local-, regional-owned museums other public-owned museums private-owned museums state-managed museums local-, regional-managed museums other public-managed museums private-managed museums Public ≤ 50% Public > 50% Total Of which Paid staff Volunteers Total number of museums with paid admissions with a price of tickets (in EUR) Number of museums Total Of which Total (In EUR) Of which Total (in EUR) Of which Total (in EUR) Of which Total number of museums equipped with at least one computer Of which Number of museums possessing a web-site Number of museums possessing an own web-site Number of museums Number of museums with at least one special museum education programme                       50 % of total visits (including free entries) 75 % of total visits (including free entries)                
   1a 1b 2a 2b 2c 2d 3a 3b 3c 3d 3e 4a 4b 4c 4d 4e 5a 5b 6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6g 7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 7g 7h 8a 8b 8c 8d 8e 9a 9b 9c 10a 10b 10c 10d 10e 11a 11b 11c 12a 12b 13a 13b 13c 13d 13e 14 15a 15b 16a 16b 16c 17a 17b 17c 17d 17e 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29a 29b 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
         Art, archaeology and history museums Science and technology museums, ethnology museums Other museums Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
Total Total Total Total Of which
ppp
      free admissions
Total
free admissions
%
foreigners
Total
foreigners
%
temporary exhibitions
Total
temporary exhibitions
%
Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
Number
Total
Number
Of which
specialised
FTES a year
Total
FTES a year
Of which
specialised
< 2,5,- 2,5 - 5,- > 5,- with free entrance with museum card   Own production Joined productions   Ordinary expenditures
Total
Ordinary expenditures
Of which
Staff
Extraordinary expenditures
Total
Extraordinary expenditures
Of which
for new Collections
  Entry fees Public subsidies   Investments   for administrative purpose for visitor's information purposes (e.g. interactive gallery system) having a database for electronic inventory having an Internet access Total Total Of wich
are updating themselves their web-site
connected to a museum portal
Total
connected to a museum portal
Of which
connected to more than one museum portal
connected to (an)other portal(s) Total Of which
for school children
Of which
for ethnic minorities
for senior citizens for others                                          
Austria 2014 X 48)     562 49)  164  73  325  41  231  1  289     2  164  53  343           17.287.605  3.152.209  20,80 50)              5.631 51)  1.551 52)        3.670  542        30  179  235  111 53)     814        359.795.135 54)              346.003.109 55)  81.096.450 56)  194.265.017 57)        393  334  197  260  292  437  338              486              8,19     202.337,81  165.444,00 58)  32.373,79 59)     117,00  42,11     229  220  10  34  151 60)  7,20  198        8.506.889  103,60  130,000 
Belarus 2009 X     155  136  12  7  13  137  5        13  137  5           155  4.586.306  917.261  20,00  91.726  2,00  3.718.607  81,00  3.517  1.583                    155  2        5  2.908  2.315  593                                155  155  2  125  100  72  21  21        10  155  155     4  151  1,60  1,60  48.447,00  41.282,00  29.589,00  29.589,00  48,00        155  115        155  0,40  155  10     9.466.600 64)  16,00 64)    
Belgium 2004       162  192  58  56  8 65)  74  6  47     8  53  7  76     66  72  3.706.139  1.039.337  35,00     70,00        2.045                                100                                            112  83  34  80  102  114  68     46        88  78        37                 37.061,00  23,10        132 66)  100 67)             68)    69)    70)  22,70  10.396.421  343,60  121,000 
Bulgaria 2015    X  201  154  17  30  26  170  5                          201  4.763.472  1.246.561  26,20  737.642  15,50        3.021  1.866                    159  14     28     2.068  1.133  935  23.495.062        545.440  109.131  25.616.330  3.599.937  18.925.703  18.925.703     194  188  71  140  188     118              129  126  21  62  26  2,80  2,80  66.362,00  48.996,00  23.699,00  23.699,00  42,10  3,30  263.663,00  186  115  16  39  197     111  70     7.202.198     46,000 
Croatia 2014    X 130)  284 131)  114 132)  61  109 132)  33 133)  167 134)  83 134)  1 134)     33 135)  167 136)  83 136)  1 137)     1  283  4.771.230 138)  1.087.271 138)  23,00        729.911 138)  15,00  1.673  1.073  1.673  1.073,00              110  55  5  65  9  1.191                                               181  247 139)  227  121  121  284     101  94 140)  49 140)     2 140)        6,60 141)  111.350,00 141)  85.976,00 142)     16.800,00  25,00 143)           77 144)        184  2,75  114 145)  5 145)     4.246.809     59,000 
Czech Republic 2015 X     484  106  51  327  31  349  47  57     31  349  47  57           11.768.168  3.347.369  28,40  2.203.479  18,72        5.699  2.868  5.699  2.868,00  1.138                          4.254  2.840  1.414  163.872.186           1.830.266  167.621.524        170.459.800  39.783.785        120           438              255  224  19  111  86  4,60     111.621,00     24.314,00     54,10  15,54  1.616.814,00  380  236        280     165  13     10.542.942  133,70    
Denmark 2015    X  254  181  73     5        124                          16.185.412                                                                                                                                                                                                        5.659.715  132,00  127,000 
Estonia 2014 X     256  65  19  172  88  85     83     82  85  6  83           3.837.000  774.000  20,00  1.119.000  29,00        1.867  1.354        597                    17  20  1.792  1.454  338  41.834.000  41.530.000  21.351.000  303.000  303.000  61.886.000  7.789.000  27.904.000  29.903.000  28.571.000  256  256  122  140  172  206  206              167  164        131  19,47     291.900,00  233.000,00  15.000,00     142,03  31,82  2.275.000,00  164  92        141  2,00  122        1.314.545     79,400 
Finland 2015    X 194)  331 194)           19 195)  218 195)  8 195)  86 195)     19 195)  218 195)  8 195)  86 195)           5.605.374  2.935.844  52,40                    2.645  997,00  1.148     23     4 188)  34 188)  84 188)  16     1.089  567  235  244.643.579  244.643.579  107.485.166     5.545.623 189)  244.643.579  14.497.999  188.840.075  188.840.075     150 182)  150     144 182)  150 182)  150 182)        150 182)                          6,00 195)  102.152,00  48.649,00     18.082,00 195)  48,20  44,60  3.441.397,00  172 195)  193 195)  33 195)  83 195)  150 182)  6,82  71 182)        5.487.308  18,10    
France 2010    X  330           36  214  2  78     36  214  2  78     78  252  4.869.035  2.502.978  51,40  401.253  8,20              2.644  1.276,00        18     19  62  58  18     1.134  559  206  199.645.883  199.645.883  95.818.576     2.746.841  199.645.883  10.158.536  157.484.240  157.848.240     158  158  57  147  158  158        158        103  103  22  35  36     6,10  90.502,00  43.979,00     15.408,00  49,10  37,10  2.933.982,00  179  185  34  86  158  5,30  88  7     64.694.497  102,50  108,000 
Germany 2015    X  6.710  1.207    203)  5.503  432  2.586  437  2.994  261                       114.423.192                                            907  1.353  569  1.546     9.025                                                                                                                    2.210                       81.197.537     124,000 
Greece 2007 X 233)     176 234)  176        176 235)              176                 176  4.755.535 236)  940.561 237)  19,80                                      63  37  13  38  176                             27.809.631                       176 238)  176 239)  2  2                          1,60     42.567,00  34.148,00  45.726,00              146  65  5  13     7,30           11.171.740  85,60  97,800 
Hungary 2013    X  752                          131  471  31  119           9.133.600  3.809.182  42,00  1.675.625  18,00        5.340  3.008        606                                   1.368.062  609.644  587.134  171.284  11.429  1.634.376  108.329  818.444        374        110  374  319                 598  529           0,08  0,08  0,08  925,40  12.145,00  12.145,00  0,06           246              148        9.897.000  108,50  67,000 
Ireland 2014    X  230 257)                          15  23  10  48  5        6.108.480                       162                                                                                                                                                     106  56                       4.628.949     177,000 
Italy 2013 X 339)     459  459        459              450  7     2  2        38.190.401  17.503.913  53,94                                      54 340)  108 341)  64 342)  206  77 343)                          125.826.333  125.826.333                                                           0,76  0,76  62.831,00  28.942,00  88.609,00 344)              418  279 314)  7 314)  29 314)     7,15           59.685.227  197,00  98,000 
Latvia 2015 X     149           41  94  9  5     41  94  9  5           3.259.783  1.304.343  40,00  241.652 365)  7,40 366)        1.933  934 364)                    88  25  3  27     1.129        38.176.341  32.109.902  19.295.951  6.066.439  844.446  39.225.323  3.577.088  31.697.754  31.697.754  315.353  139 364)  134  80  121  137                    103              7,50  7,50  164.130,00  98.456,00  21.878,00  21.878,00  97,30  19,22  1.595.983,00  118  80        121  1,83  72        1.986.096  31,00    
Lithuania 2016    X  103           19  54  22  8     19  54  22  8           3.981.126                    3.288  1.219                                   1.881        52.757.844              52.757.844                             100                 95                 3,57  137.824,00        38.652,00  114,00           76        92     73        2.888.558  44,20    
Luxembourg 2012 X     54  20  17  17  6  11  4  33     6  9  3  36     28  25  516.000  291.000  56,40  198.000  38,40        352     311     209     9     2  29  5  18     64        37.700.000  33.900.000  20.700.000  3.100.000  1.300.000  35.400.000  665.000  32.500.000  42.300.000  11.000.000                                                  10,50     98.341,00  42.831,00  9.385,00     67,10  70,70  8.069.000,00  25  21  6  11  17  2,60        50,00  524.900       
Macedonia 2009    X  23 586)  22 587)     1  16  7           16  7              23 584)  957.182 588)        37.500           449  280  449  280,00              22        1     214  158  56                          6.113.935 589)     23  23     8  22  5  5  5  2        5  5           1,10  1,10  47.859,00        41.616,00  22,45        23           23  0,90  23        2.048.619  82,30  36,000 
Norway 2013 X     127 403)           13  15  99        13  15  99              10.944.898  5.579.320  51,00              3.405 384)     3.863  2.036,00 390)        202        2  108  17     1.066           524.977.653  281.237.466        534.756.233  34.382.035     387.987.244     127  127        127                                   2,50  2,50  214,22  105.021,00  86.180,00  86.180,00  75,60 404)  102,80  7.594.108,00  102  113  17  36  115  6,41  87        5.051.275     191,000 
Poland 2014    X  844  252  135  457  62  581  52  149                          30.609.390  13.699.800  45,00                                                     5.102  3.327                             1.210.948.000  297.397.000                 766                                   2,22  80.551,00  44.499,00     36.267,05              550              478  87     38.005.614  121,70  68,000 
Portugal 2014 X     674  261  174  239  485        189                          11.749.732  4.628.748  39,40  4.289.128  36,50  6.053.137  51,50  3.835  2.293        341  219                 373     312                                                    494)                       329     291  186  6,50  3,80  112.967,00  68.464,00     29.974,00  39,70        381  252  18  60  392       494)    494)     10.374.822  112,50  78,000 
Romania 2007 X     748 500)  446 501)  125 502)  177 503)  54  568  32  94     54  568  32  94           3.633.443 505)  995.548     291.344     2.346.551     4.886 506)  3.312  240  240,00              428  7  1  312                                            464 507)        138 508)  213  236 510)  170 510)     58 510)     8                 3,46 511)  3,46 511)  16.803,94 511)  12.199,01 511)  20.281,00 511)  4.857,54 511)  22,59 512)        695 513)  31              78     10,00  21.565.119 514)  93,70 515)  42,000 499) 
Slovak Republic 2003 X     85 516)  36  11  38  34  46     5     34  46     5     80  5  3.886.928  909.366  23,40              1.932  971  1.781  896,00    -   -       83  2    - 1  84  1.141  643  365  15.216.425  15.216.425  6.964.770        13.929.550  2.118.125     10.496.575  4.320.450  85  85  2  75  80  85  33  28  85  16  2    -   -   -   -   - 1,50  1,50  72.247,02  55.344,47  47.296,00     35,90  2,82  195.101,70  85  67  10  20  85  0,70  40  2  26,00  5.379.161  109,70  55,000 
Slovenia 2013    X                                                  3.558.551  2.410.017  67,70  731.519  21,00        2.067  1.236        285  182                       1.602        50.209.231     28.883.137        49.867.769  5.830.846  41.955.629                                                              172.654,00           114,10  24,40                                2.061.085  101,60  83,000 
Spain 2014    X  1.468  722  372  374  171  824  35  438  28  95  852  62  459  25        58.418.342  35.459.934  60,70  5.666.579  9,70        14.189  4.569        993  376        361  396  108  603     4.887                                      1.371  1.141  486  686  708  1.264  646     203  86     768  708  68  320  451     3,20  125.598,00  49.360,00     40.766,00  30,50        1.303  822  46  161  1.403     854  260             
Sweden 2015    X  310  110  24  148  38  83  44  132  6  38  83  44  132  6        15.066.851 531)                          4.716                   532)     23  2              4.662.163              4.601.062                                                                                            197           10,00           9.747.355  24,10  124,000 
Switzerland 2014    X 580)  1.142  307  626  209                                      20.799.800  4.209.300 581)  20,00                                               869                                                        1.100                                      14,00  252.500,00  201.400,00     18.200,00           367  385  12  12                 8.237.000  203,00  161,000 
The Netherlands 2015    X  685  489  156  40  67        618                    551  134  33.109.967 556)  5.521.387  17,00  9.349.488  28,00        9.568     6.600     32.615     5.743                 418  1.630        953.884.786  517.973.329  380.546.158     55.365.678  960.900.038  193.275.223  606.092.922  449.068.266                    685  685                 529  5  18  18     4,10  195.909,00  163.239,00     48,34  57,00  56,40  2.657.095,00  487  469  32  96                 16.900.726     109,000 
United Kingdom 2012    X  1.732           58  581  83  910                          87.624.176                                                     416                                                                                                                                                  62.989.550  256,80 566)  110,000 


Blank spaces either imply that there is no data available or that the data is negligible or is equal to zero

-
nil or negligible
*
provisional or estimated statistical information
1) Eurostat surveys 2001 and 2003, if not otherwise indicated
2) out of 333 museums
3) Austria: Out of 332 museums
4) Austria: Out of 455 museums and museum-like institutions
5) Austria: Out of 184 museums
6) Austria: Out of 166 museums
7) Austria: Out of 127 museums
8) Austria: Out of 447 museums and museum-like institutions
9) Austria: Out of 333
10) Austria: Visits with unknown payment-status not taken into account
11) Austria: Employees and freelancers
12) Austria: Employees only
13) Austria: Inclusive museums expecting a donation
14) Austria: n = 203
15) Austria: n = 212
16) Austria: n = 214
17) Austria: n = 213
18) Austria: Calculated for those museums which delivered data on the payment-status as well as entry fees (n = 187). The suggested calculation method would result in an average price of 2,9.-€.
19) Austria: Reference period 2nd quarter 2006 - 1st quarter 2007
20) Austria: in contrast to previous years the figures on the number of museums represent museum sites (local units) instead of institutions (organisational units)
21) Austria: visits with unknown payment-status not taken into account
22) Austria: employees and freelancers
23) Austria: employees only
24) Austria: inclusive museums expecting a donation
25) Austria: n = 209
26) Austria: n = 251
27) Austria: n = 264
28) Austria: n = 266
29) Austria: out of 415 museums
30) Austria: visits with unkonwn payment-status not taken in account
31) Austria: figure refers to sites instead of institutions
32) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
33) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
34) Austria: reflects sites instead of institutions
35) Austria: calculated for the museums which delivered data on both the payment-status and admission fees (n = 182)
36) Austria: out of 391 responding institutions
37) Austria: according to the Adult Education Survey 2007: population of age 25 to 64 that visited during the last 12 months museums, exhibitions or monuments
38) Austria: Number of museums participating in the non-compulsory survey
39) Austria: Inclusive museums expecting only a donation
40) Austria: n=199
41) Austria: n=215
42) Austria: n=198
43) Austria: n=173
44) Austria: Out of 372 institutions
45) Austria: Calculated for the museums which delivered data on both the payment-status and admission fees (n=189)
46) Austria: Out of 364 responding institutions
47) According to the Adult Education Survey 2011/12: population of age 25 to 64 that visited during the last 12 months museums, exhibitions or monuments.
48) Break in time series
49) The number of extant units (registered museums) in 2014 is 700. However, 138 units did not participate in the survey.
50) Not taking into account unknown admission status in the denominator
51) plus 695 freelancers
52) plus 293 freelancers
53) incuding museums which ask for a voluntary contribution
54) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 265 out of 496
55) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 296 out of 496
56) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 318 out of 496
57) units (which may comprise more than one museum): 314 out of 496
58) Inclusive visits with unknown admission status
59) not taking into account museums with unknown number of visits in the denominator
60) out of 479 organisational units (comprising partly more than one museum) which reported staff figures
61) Only museums registered by Ministry of Culture of Belarus
62) only museums registered by Ministry of Culture of Belarus
63) Belarus: Only museums registered by Ministry of Culture of Belarus
64) Belarus: data provided by Yanka Kupala State Literary Museum
65) In 2004, the Federal level + Brussels Museum Council + Flanders have sent out together a questionnaire to 254 museums. 201 museums (response rate of 80%) have sent in answers, but only 162 questionnaires (response rate 63%)could be used for the survey.
66) 132 answers, 87 museums more than 200 days open
67) 100 answers, 97 more than 5.000 visits
68) - Permanent collections: 3,57.- euros - Temporary collections: 4,50.- euros
69) 31 publications in Dutch, 12 in French, 2 in German, 10 in English and 3 in other languages
70) 6 publications in Dutch, 5 in French, 2 in German, 3 in English and 2 in other languages
71) Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself, cf page
72) Data are based mostly on the Register of Museums, Galleries and collections in RH. And include sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archæological sites…). The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings.
73) Estimation based on Statistical report for 2000 by the State Institute for Statistics
74) Data from Annual Reports for 2001
75) Estimation based on Annual Reports 2003
76) Estimation based on Statistical Report for 2001 by The State Institute for Statistics
77) Data are based mostly on the Register of Museums, Galleries and collections in RH and include sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archaeological sites, ...). The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings
78) Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself
79) Not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex/local history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have put only specialized art, archaeology and history museums
80) Estimation based on Statistical report for 2000 by State Institute of Statistics
81) Data from Annual Reports for 2001. All the museums open to public have free entrance for some categories of visitors (no museum-card is needed)
82) Estimation based on data from Museum Annual Reports for 2004 All the museums open to public have free entrance for some categories of visitors (no museum-card is needed)
83) Museums are funded by the Ministry of culture and local authorities and they are obliged to give financial reports to them. There is no institution that collects data on total income and expenditure(s) of all museums in Croatia.
84) Estimation based on Museum Annual Reports 2003
85) Estimation based on Museum Annual Reports 2005
86) Source: Central Bureau of Statistics – population – (estimation for 2004: 3.439.000 inhabitants); the figure refers to specialized staff only
87) Croatia: Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
88) Croatia: The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archaeological sites...)
89) Croatia: category not applicable; most of the "other" museums are complex/local or regional history museums which can be included in this category where are enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
90) Croatia: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
91) Croatia: category not applicable; most these museums are complex/local or regional history museums which can be included in this category where are enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
92) Croatia: in the category "Ownership" are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field.
93) Croatia: in the category "Management" are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field.
94) Croatia: Source: Statistical Information published by the Central Bureau of Statistics, 2006
95) Croatia: Source: First Releases - Education, Research And Development, Culture And Social Welfare, 2007 (research 2006)
96) Croatia: estimation (some museums are connected to local authorities portals, some on tourist boards portals, some on zhe Ministry of Culture portal etc.)
97) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2006
98) Croatia: the figure regarding total number of specialised staff would be 21,64
99) Croatia: estimation
100) Croatia: source: MDC - 25th exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2006.
101) Croatia: available data for 85 (of 222 museums) - price for adults.
102) Croatia: estimation; all the museums have free entrance for some categories of visitors
103) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2007 (include data by 145 museums)
104) Croatia: the figure is equivalent of the number of museums with at least 1 employee
105) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2007 (include data regarding visits for 140 sites - the real average is 18.312)
106) Croatia: the figure regarding total number of specialized staff is 21,64.
107) Croatia: source: MDC - 26th exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2007.
108) Croatia: Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
109) Croatia: The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archæological sites…).
110) Categories 2b, 2c and 2d, especially 2c in Croatia are not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex /local or regional history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
111) Croatia: in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites.
112) Croatia: in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
113) Croatia: in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites.
114) Croatia: in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
115) Croatia: the data refer to FTES
116) Croatia: the number refers to number of museums – no. of volunteers is estimation
117) Croatia: available data for 124 museums; the price refers to the price paid by an adult person (prices for children and students are usually 50% of regular price)
118) Croatia: the number refers to the museums that have free entrance for all visitors; all the museums have free entrance for some categories of visitors
119) Croatia: Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data by 133 museums i.e. sites)
120) Croatia: Museums are funded by the Ministry of Culture (which data are available) and local authorities; they are obliged to give financial reports to them. There is no institution that collects data on total income and expenditure of all museums in Croatia.
121) Croatia: the figure is equivalent of the number of museums with at least 1 professional (<20)
122) Croatia: 17 museums are connected to a regional museum association portal, 4 on tourist boards portals, 4 on Croatian Accademy of Arts and Sciences portal, 13 on local authorities portal, 8 on other portals
123) Croatia: estimation based on MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data by 124 museums i.e. 133 sites)
124) Croatia: source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2009: 4.430,000
125) Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data regarding visits for 116 sites – the real average is 20.298)
126) Croatia: source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2009: 4.430,000; the figure referes to specialised staff only; the figure regarding total number of staff would be 35,9
127) Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2009 (include data for 133 sites)
128) Croatia: source: MDC – 28th exhibition of publication activitiy by Croatian museums and galleries – catalogue, 2009
129) data from 2008
130) Croatian Museum Act defines museum activities rather than museum itself; Museum Documentation Centre set up some criteria, among which the main is the existence of museum collection. If the source of data is not particularily indicated, the source of data is the Register of Museums, galleries and collections in RH managed by the Museum Documentation Centre.
131) The main criteria is: existence of museum holdings, i.e. collection. It includes sites (main museums, collections, galleries possessing holdings, archæological sites…).
132) Categories 2b, 2c and 2d, especially 2c in Croatia are not applicable: science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums; 2c – most of the "other" museums are complex /local or regional history museums which can be included in 2b category where we have enlisted only specialized art, archaeology and history museums. The complex museums are very important and numerous in the national museum structure.
133) in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites.
134) in the category Ownership are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
135) in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field. There are 22 institutions owned by the state with 33 sites
136) in the category Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
137) Management are included museums which founder is one of the mentioned entities in the a, b, c, d field
138) Source: MDC, table - number of visits to croatian museums and galleries, 2014.
139) museums which have access to the internet (e-mail)
140) estimation based on MDC - Museum annual reports 2014 (include data by 131 museum for 167 sites)
141) source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2011: 4.284,889
142) source: Central Bureau of Statistics - population est. for 2011: 4.284,88
143) the figure refers to specialised staff only; the figure regarding total number of staff would be 39
144) Source: MDC - Museum annual reports 2014 (include data by 131 museum for 167 sites)
145) source: MDC - 33rd exhibition of publication activity by Croatian museums and galleries - catalogue, 2014.
146) Data collected for 2004 by the Statistics Denmark Jan-March 2005. Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 258 museums. Of these 258 are 147 approved by the state and the rest are associated members of a county museum advisory board. Museums in Denmark are divided into four categories with regard to their main area of collecting: cultural history (including technological museums), art museums, museums of natural history and other. So, the numbers of museums in this questionnaire concerning the different categories are not comparable but adjusted to the purpose.
147) The annual museum statistics cover 317 museum sites including 162 professionally-run museums
148) Finland: The Finnish museum statistics cover the professionally-run museums only (total of 921 museums in 1995 (Statistics Finland: Cultural Statistics 1999)
149) Finland: The 2002 annual museum statistics cover 162 professionally-run museums. All museum sites maintained by these museums are included.
150) Finland: Permanent full-time employees.
151) Finland: All professionnally-run museums have at least one computer but not all museum sites
152) Finland: Investments not included
153) Finland: Large public investments not included
154) Finland: The Finnish museum statistics cover 162 professionally-run museums responsible for 317 museum sites
155) The annual museum statistics cover 328 museum sites including 165 professionally-run museums
156) Finland: The 2005 annual museum statistics cover 165 professionally-run museums. All museum sites maintained by these museums are included.
157) All professionally-run museums (165) but not all museum sites have at least one computer
158) Finland: The 2006 annual museum statistics cover 163 professionally-run museums. All museum sites maintained by these museums are included.
159) Finland: Admission fee for the main site of a museum
160) Finland: included in the ordinary expenditure
161) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (165), not as museum sites
162) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditure
163) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (164) not as a museum site
164) Finland: included in the ordinary expenditures
165) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (157), not as museum sites
166) Finland: Museums answer this as administrative units (158), not as museum sites.
167) Finland: The statistics cover 156 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 325 museum sites.
168) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum.
169) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditures.
170) Finland: Answers by administrative units (156), not by museum sites.
171) Finland: Answers by museum sites.
172) Finland: Answers by administrative units.
173) Finland: Data from national source.
174) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 325 museum sites
175) Finland: Admission fees for the main site of a museum
176) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
177) Finland: Answers by museum sites
178) Finland: Answers by administrative units
179) Finland: concerns year 2011
180) Finland: The statistics cover 154 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 322 museum sites
181) Finland: Included in the ordinary expenditures
182) Answers by administrative units (150)
183) Finland: Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
184) Finland: Answers by museum sites
185) Finland: Answers by administrative units
186) Finland: refers to year 2014
187) The statistics cover 152 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 327 museum sites
188) Admission fees for the main site of a museum
189) Included in the ordinary expenditures
190) Answers by administrative units (154), not by museum sites
191) Answers by administrative units (152), not by museum sites
192) Answers by museum sites
193) Answers by administrative units
194) The statistics cover 150 professionally-run museums (administrative units) maintaining 331 museum sites
195) Answers by museum sites (331)
196) France: Only museums registered by the French Ministry of Culture
197) Only museums that have obtained the appellation "musées de France" according to the law. All the following figures are estimations based on 2003 national museum survey. It covers museums opened during the year 2003
198) These figures contain double accounting (museums which have declared that their collection covered 2 or 3 different main type of collection)
199) Ownership of the collections. These figures only concern the respondants of the survey
200) Other public management = public establishments. These figures onéy concern the respondents of the survey
201) Museums which have an electronic inventory
202) For the entire table: All the following figures are estimations based on 2003 national museum survey.
203) This category is not applicable; in Germany Science and technology museums are split from ethnology museums
204) Estimation (Materialien 57)
205) Public expenditures for non-scientific museums, collections and exhibitions in 2000. Source: Kulturfinanzbericht 2000, Wiesbaden: Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder, 2001, p. 45.
206) Data from 1998
207) In 1999; in 1998: 827
208) In 1997
209) In 1999
210) Details cf page
211) The number given here represents solely the State Archæological and Byzantine Museums, which were in operation in 2002.
212) In the category “Archæological Museums” belong all the museums holding a) collections of prehistoric and classical antiquities (Archæological Museums ) and b) Byzantine collections (Byzantine Mseums). Regarding the other categories of State Museums, see foot-note no 11.
213) In principle, all the Archaeological Museums operate on a permanent basis; there are, however, few museums that remain closed for long period of time due to extensive works of refurbishment or structural problems in their building (e.g. Museum of Thasos, of Philippoi). We also note that in 2002-2003, nine archaeological museums closed temporarily, for longer or shorter periods of time (National Archaeological Museum, Museums of Delphi, Olympia, Volos, Ioannina, Thessaloniki, Kerameikos, Nafplion, Lemnos) for refurbishment, extensions, redisplay which have to be completed by June 2004.All the Byzantine Museums and Collections operate on a permanent basis, except the Prosphorion Tower at Ouranoupoli of Chalkidiki, and the Collection of Icons and Relics at Pyrgos (Thera), which are open only during
214) 1.943.549 + 2.116.401 ( 13 for Museums located within Archaeological sites)
215) The free admissions are not counted in the major archaeological site & museum of Acropolis; therefore, it is not possible to estimate the total number of free admissions in the Archaeological Museums of Greece, as Acropolis is a very important museum to be disregarded in the final gathering of the data. Thus, you must take into account that the number of free admissions, as presented in this questionnaire, does not provide the whole picture.
216) 789.191 + 318.522 ( 12 for Museums located within Archaeological sites)
217) provisional or estimated statistical information
218) This number corresponds to the number of all tickets (full, reduced and free admission), issued in 86 Archaeological & Byzantine Museums in 2002. The data for 13 major Archaeological Museums and Byzantine Collections located within archaeological sites and monuments (the Acropolis Museum, the Museum of Ancient Agora, of Vravrona, of Eleusina, of Kerameikos, of Ancient Corinth, of Ancient Nemea, of Delos, of Vergina and Epidaurus, Byzantine Collection in the Castle of Corfu, Byzantine Collection in the Osios Loukas Monastery, Mystras Museum), are counted separately. This means that the number reflects the number of visitors visited the sites and possibly also the museums located within them. The number of visitors for 5 Byzantine Museums, where the admission is free, cannot be estimated with certainty, for these museums are not included in the Lists of the Archaeological Receipts Fund.
219) This number does not take into account the free admissions in museums located in archaeological sites. Therefore, it cannot be but an estimate of the total % of free admissions.
220) The structure of the Regional Services is such that it does not allow a straightforward account of the number of professionals, by category of occupation and specialization, for the scientific staff is entrusted both with field (archaeological excavation) and museum work.
221) According to the data collected for the year 2000.
222) If we exclude the eight (8) museums operating as separate Regional Units/Services, then the administrative structure of all other museums is the one of the Regional Services they belong to.
223) The web sites of the Greek Archaeological & Byzantine Museums are presented and managed through the main server of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture “OΔΥΣΣΕΑΣ» (www.culture.gr).
224) People with disabilities.
225) The museum definition suggested by the Working Group is a more general one, but still essentially in agreement with the respective provisions of the Greek Law, according to which, a museum is defined as “a service or an organization of non-profit character , with or without legal personality, which acquires, accepts, safeguards, conserves, records, documents, researches, interprets and primarily exhibits and promotes to the public collections of archaeological, artistic, ethnological or other material evidence of people and their environment, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment. As museums may also be considered services or organizations with similar objectives and functions, such as open-air museums”
226) The number given here represents solely the State Archeological Museums and Collections and includes 25 museums which were temporarily closed during 2005, due to works of extension, refurbishment etc.
227) Of which 147 were open 200 days and more in 2005
228) Total number of visits to 105 State Archaeological Museums & Collections, out of 151 in operation in 2005
229) Number of free admissions to 105 State Archaeological Museums & Collections, out of 151 in operation during 2005. Please note that free admissions are not counted at the major archaeological site & museum of the Acropolis, which is a very important museum to be disregarded in the final gathering of data; so the number of free admissions presented here, cannot be but an estimate.
230) With the exception of 8 museums which operate independently from the Ephorates of Antiquities, all other Archaeological Museums make use of the electronic facilities of the Ephorates they belong to.
231) The web sites of the Greek Archaeological & Byzantine Museums are presented and managed through the main server of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture “OΔΥΣΣΕΑΣ” (www.culture.gr)
232) People with disabilities
233) Greece: The museum definition suggested by the working group is a more general one, but still essentially in agreement with the respective provisions of the Greek Kaw, according to which, a museum is defined as "a service or an organisation of non-profit character, with or without legal personality, which acquires, accepts, safeguards, conserves, records, documents, researches, interprets and primarily exhibits and promotes to the public collections of archaeological, artistic, ethnological or other material evidence of people and their environment, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment. As museums may also be considered services or organisations with similar objectives and functions, such as open-air-museums".
234) Greece: Data available only for State Archaeological Museums and Collections; the number given here includes 25 museums that were temporarily closed during 2007, due to works of extension, refurnishment, etc
235) greece: Of which 146 were open 200 days and more in 2007.
236) Greece: Total number of visits to 104 State Archaeological Museums and Collections, out of 151 in operation during 2007.
237) Greece: Free admissions to 104 State Archaeological Museums and Collections, out of 151 in opetation during 2007. Free admissions to the major site and museum of the Acropolis of Athens are not counted; therefore the number given cannot be but an estimation.
238) Greece: With the exception of 8 Museums which operate independently from the Ephorates of Antiquities, all other Archaeological Museums make use of the electronic facilities of the Ephorates they belong to.
239) Greece: The web sites of all State Archaeological Museums and Collections are presented and managed through the main server of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture Culture “OΔΥΣΣΕYΣ” (http://odysseus.culture.gr)
240) On the basis of the Act 140. of 1997: “On the protection of Cultural goods, Museum Institutions, Libraries and Archives”: 1. A museum is a museum institution consisting of on scientifically arranged collection of cultural goods. 2. The task of a museum is to continuously collect, register, preserve and restore a certain form of cultural goods and to scientifically research, publish and display such at exhibitions and in other manners. Cultural goods: any outstanding, characteristic products of the creation and development of animate and inanimate nature, humanity, the Hungarian nation and the history of the people of Hungary, be they in the form of physical objects, images, written documents or in any other form (audio, multimedia documents) as well as works of art. Museum institution: museums, museum collections of public interest and museum exhibition sites of public interest.
241) The definition currently being applied by the museum sector is the definition devised by the sector for the purposes of developing a national museum policy framework. This framework was developed by the Heritage Council in consultation with the sector. The definition is follows: “Museums are not for profit institutions that collect, safeguard, hold in trust, research, develop and interpret collections of original objects and original objects on loan, for the public benefit. They function publicly as places where people learn from and find inspiration and enjoyment through the display and research of original objects
242) National museums, specialised museums with national collection scope, county, district, thematic museums, exhibitions sites. Licence is given by the Ministry of Cultural Heritage.
243) permanent exhibitions of the national museums
244) Hungary: museums and sites of museum nature must have a license of operation to be considered a museum institution and only these are included in the statistics
245) Hungary: including church museums
246) Hungary: estimation
247) Hungary: www.museum.hu
248) Hungary: in 2003, Gallup (http://ec.europa.eu/culture/pdf/doc973_en.pdf
249) Hungary: break in time series
250) Hungary: data concern year 2011
251) The National Museum of Ireland is under the ægis of the Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism and regularly advises the Minister concerning museum issues. The Director of the National Museum of Ireland has a comprehensive range of legal powers and functions under Statute law which are relevant to museum operation in Ireland. There is statutory provision for the designation of museums in the ownership and control of local authorities under the terms of the National Cultural Institutions Act 1997. Curators may also be designed to carry out certain functions of the Director of the National Museum under the terms of the National Monuments Acts 1930 to 1994. The representative body for the museum sector in Ireland id the Irish Museums Association. The Museums and Archives Committee of the Heritage Council is (the only body) charged with proposing policy, providing advice and providing grant aid and funding to the sector. The Council of National Cultural Institutions is a recent formed body (1997) which includes the Heritage Council, The national Museums, The National Gallery, The Arts Council, The Irish Museum of Modern Art and two others. The Local Authority Curators Group represents museum curators in this particular sector of the museum profession. The Designated Museums Liaison Committee meets regularly to provide dialogue and exchange of ideas and information between designated museums, the National Museum of Ireland and the Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism.
252) Referring to criteria sub 1a)
253) Number of full-staff is 1.724 including full-time, part-time, community employment schemes and voluntary workers.
254) The definition currently being applied by the museum sector is the definition devised by the sector for the purposes of developing a national museum policy framework. This framework was developed by the Heritage Council in consultation with the sector. The definition is follows: “Museums are not for profit institutions that collect, safeguard, hold in trust, research, develop and interpret collections of original objects and original objects on loan, for the public benefit. They function publicly as places where people learn from and find inspiration and enjoyment through the display and research of original objects.
255) The National Museum of Ireland is under the ægis of the Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism and regularly advises the Minister concerning national museum issues. The Director of the National Museum of Ireland has a comprehensive range of legal powers and functions under Statute law which are relevant to the national museum’s operation in Ireland. There is statutory provision for the designation of museums in the ownership and control of local authorities under the terms of the National Cultural Institutions Act 1997. Curators may also be designed to carry out certain functions of the Director of the National Museum under the terms of the National Monuments Acts 1930 to 1994. The representative body for the museum sector in Ireland is the Irish Museums Association. The Heritage Council is (the only body) charged with proposing policy advice, providing advice and providing small-scale grant aid and funding to the sector. It operates an accreditation programme for Irish museums under its Museums Standards Programme: www.museumsireland.ie The Council of National Cultural Institutions was established in 1997 and includes the Heritage Council, The National Museum, The National Gallery, The Arts Council, The Irish Museum of Modern Art and the Crawford Arts Gallery (Cork) and the Chester Beatty Library, the National Theatre, National Concert Hall and National Library. The Local Authority Curators Group represents museum curators in this particular sector of the museum profession.
256) Number of full-staff is 1.724 including full-time, part-time, community employment schemes and voluntary workers
257) 118 museums responded to and participated in the survey.
258) The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2003, there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 75 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price.
259) The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only the State-owned museums existing on Italian territory in 2003 (of which 400 opened)
260) 4 Museum cards equal to 10 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
261) 4 Museum cards equal to 8 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
262) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2003, there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 75 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price.
263) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the museums managed by the State (400 opened museums in total).
264) Istat 2002 (Citizens and Leisure). Visits to museums and galleries in own country at least once during the last 12 months. Population: 6 years and older.
265) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only the State-owned museums existing on Italian territory in 2005 (of which 402 opened).
266) Italy: 4 Museum cards equal to 12 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
267) Italy: 4 Museum cards equal to 13 Museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in).
268) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2005 there are 34 circuits of museums, equal to 70 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
269) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the 402 museums opened.
270) Italy: Data on 402 state-owned museums (managed directly by the Ministry) are collected every year by the Ministry of Culture. Data on 4.340 other public and private museums are collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics.
271) Italy: 402 State-owned museums and 2.383 other public and private museums, includes archaeological sites, churches, historical buildings (villas, castles) and musealized historical gardens and monuments.
272) Italy: includes monuments of civil and industrial architecture ( 0 State-owned museums and 1.071) other public and private museums
273) Italy: includes mausoleums, memorials ( of which 0 State-owned museums and 886 other public and private museums).
274) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 79 other public and private museums
275) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.158 other public and private museums
276) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 321 other public and private museums
277) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 1.782 other public and private museums
278) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 373 other public and private museums
279) Italy: of which 398 State-owned museums and 68 other public and private museums
280) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 1.518 other public and private museums
281) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 360 other public and private museums
282) Italy: of which 2 State-owned museums and 2.385 other public and private museums
283) Italy: of which 1 State-owned museums and 26 other public and private museums
284) Italy: of which 0 State-owned museums and 2.348 other public and private museums
285) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 1.992 other public and private museums
286) Italy: of which 34.574.591 visits in State-owned museums and 62.701.994 visits in other public and private museums
287) Italy: of which 18.110.074 free admissions in State-owned museums and 27.139.149 free admissions in other public and private museums
288) Italy: of which 52,4% free admissions in State-owned museums and 43,3% of free admissions in other public and private museums
289) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not avaialble.
290) Italy: Data on state-owned museums not available.
291) Italy: of which 184 State-owned museums with free entrance and 2.462 other public and private museums with free entrance.
292) Italy:of which 69 State-owned museums with museum card and 1.137 other public and private museums with museum card. For State-owned Museums, 2008 data.
293) The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2006 there are 35 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
294) The value concerns the gross-income of the 402 opened museums.
295) Italy: of which 104.411.477 entry fees related to State-owned museums and 149.302.875 entry fees related to other public and private museums
296) Italy: of which 402 State-owned museums and 658 other public and private museums
297) Italy: 58.471 related to State-owned museums and 106.039 related to other public and private museums
298) Italy: 27.844 related to State-owned museums and 60.142 related to other public and private museums
299) Italy: 86.006 related to State-owned museums and 14.447 related to other public and private museums
300) Italy: of which 395 State-owned museums and 2.481 other public and private museums
301) Italy: of which 275 State-owned museums and 1.226 other public and private museums
302) Italy: for State-owned museums 9 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 55 museums are necessary.
303) The number includes also the Circuits.
304) Italy: for State-owned museums 32 museums are necessary and for other public and private museums 276 museums are necessary.
305) Italy: State-owned museums only.
306) Italy: Source: Multipurpose survey on households: aspects of daily life, the Italian National Institute of Statistics
307) concerns Year 2005
308) Italy: The data (visits and incomes) of the whole table, collected by the Ministry of Culture, Heritage and Activities, concern only the State-owned opened museums (n. 400) existing on Italian territory in 2007.
309) Italy: 5 museums with no applied fees are included.
310) Italy: 4 museum cards equal to 12 museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in)).
311) Italy: 7 museum cards equal to 20 museums (Museum cards concerning those museums with an inclusive price (all-in)).
312) Italy: the value concerns the number with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2007 there are 35 circuits of museums, equal to 73 museums. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
313) Italy: The value concerns the gross-income of the 400 opened museums.
314) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits.
315) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2008 (of which 400 opended)
316) Italy: 9 museum cards included
317) Italy: 24 museum cards included
318) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2008 there are 33 circuits of museums, equal to 69 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
319) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
320) Italy: concerns year 2007
321) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2009 (of which 423 opened)
322) Italy: 10 in 2008 and 2009 and 9 in 2010 museum cards included
323) Italy:23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
324) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2009 there are 34 circuits of museums, equal to 71 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
325) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
326) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2010 (of which 424 opened)
327) Italy: Please note that, at the Pantheon, to free admission, was adopted from April 2010, a sample detection method that has provided more inflows than the previous one, based on the attendance register.
328) Italy: 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
329) Italy: 23 in 2008 and 24 in 2009 and 26 in 2010 museum cards included
330) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2010 there are 36 circuits of museums, equal to 72 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
331) Italy: The number includes also the Circuits
332) Italy: Data on state-owned museums (managed directly by the Ministry) are collected every year by the Ministry of Culture. Data on other public and private museums are collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics
333) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2012 (of which 433 opened)
334) 1 museum cards included in 2010 and 2012
335) Italy: 7 museum cards included in 2012
336) Italy: 26 museum cards included in 2012
337) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
338) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums
339) Italy: The data, collected by the Ministry of Culture, concern only State-owned museum existing on Italian territory in 2013 (of which 431 opened)
340) Italy: 1 museum card included in 2013 (53 + 1)
341) Italy: 8 museum cards included in 2013 (100 + 8)
342) Italy: 25 museum cards included in 2013 (35 + 29)
343) Italy: The value concerns the number of museums with an inclusive price (all-in). In particular, in 2012 and in 2013 there are 38 circuits of museums, equal to 77 museums, and all the museums belonging to the same circuit are accessible with one price. Two state-owned museums are included in non-state-owned circuits.
344) Italy: The value concerns only opened museums.
345) State and municipal museums.
346) 113.012 (in groups only)
347) 6,7% (in groups only)
348) Normal working hours in Latvia: 40 hours a week
349) 573 (with higher education)
350) There are no public museums with free entrance in Latvia. In many museums there are free entrance days (for all or for some categories of visitors) within the week or within the year.
351) There are currently no overarching categories used in the classification of museum collections – each museum defines their own categories according to the themes of their collection and their own traditions.
352) State and municipal museums
353) in groups only
354) with higher education
355) Latvia: 147.232 (in groups only)
356) Latvia: 6,1% (in groups only)
357) Latvia: 180.575 (in groups only)
358) Latvia: 7,1% (in groups only)
359) Latvia: 223.404 (in groups only)
360) Latvia: 8,5 % (in groups only)
361) Latvia: No KK sadaļas "Informācijas tehnoloģijas"
362) Latvia: 268.235 (in groups only)
363) Latvia: 9,0 % (in groups only)
364) Latvia: data source – The digital Cultural Map of Latvia www.kulturaskarte.lv
365) Latvia: 241,652 (in groups only)
366) Latvia: 7,4 % (in groups only)
367) Includes only scientific staff
368) Normal working hours in Luxembourg: 40 hours a week.
369) Data from 27 museums.
370) Data from 29 museums
371) Luxembourg: out of 39 museums having answered on the questionnaire
372) Out of 46 museums opened in 2006 and registered by the Ministry of Culture on the territory of the Grand-Duchy and having answered on the questionnaire
373) data from 24 museums
374) Luxembourg: out of 55 museums
375) Luxembourg: survey on cultural participation 2009
376) Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 274 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2002.
377) 146 museums were opened 1.000 hours or more in 2002.
378) All 274 museums had at least 1 FTE, but profession is not registered.
379) National survay: population 9 – 79 years.
380) OECD figure 1999.
381) Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 188 museums that were open to the public and hat at least one full-time employee in 2005. These188 museums are administrative units that consist of several sites. The number of museums is decreasing due to the Norwegian museum’ reform where small museums are merged into larger units.
382) Norway: Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 173 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2007
383) Norway: Statistical data in this questionnaire are collected from 175 museums that were open to the public and had ar least one full-time employee in 2007
384) Norway: Only regular staff, number of persons
385) Norway: including archivist, educationalist, librarian, guides as well as staff with museum education.
386) Norway: 166 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2008
387) Norway: only regular staff, number of persons
388) Norway: including archivist, educationalist, librarian, guides as well as staff with museum education
389) Norway: 148 museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2009
390) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librarians
391) Norway: Including archivist, educationalist, librarian, guides as well as staff with museum education
392) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2010.
393) Norway: Includes museum directors, archivists and librians.
394) Norway: Excluding the director of the museum, but including archivists, educationalists, librarians, guides as well as staff with museum education.
395) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2011
396) Norway: includes museum directors, archivists and librarians
397) Norway: excluding the director of the museum, but including archivists, educationalists, librarians, guides as well as staff with museum education
398) Norway: Museums that were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2012
399) Norway: Number of museums according to type of collection: Not asked 2012
400) Norway: based on ticket prices for adult visitors and exchange rate as of 31.12.2013 (source: http://www.norges-bank.no/en/price_stability/exchange-rates/eur/.)
401) Norway: Source for information on number of inhabitants in Norway: http://www.ssb.no/befolkning/statistikker/folkemengde/aar/2013-03-13#content
402) Norway: Total number of man-years per 100.000 inhabitants
403) Norway: 127 museums were open to the public and had at least one full-time employee in 2013
404) Norway: Total number of FTEs per 100.000 inhabitants
405) Includes: Art, Archæology, History, Martyrdom.
406) Includes: Ethnography, Natural science, Technology, Regional.
407) Includes: Biography, Others.
408) Poland: according to the Polish law, state owned museums may be managed only by state.
409) Poland: own production includes exhibitions in spot (in the museum which has organized it) and in other venues.
410) Poland: joined production includes visiting exhibitions from native and foreign museums.
411) Portugal: 198 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
412) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE
413) Portugal: The number of visits is from the museums on national criteria
414) Portugal: The data on Paid Staff is from the museums on national criteria
415) Portugal: 226 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
416) Includes 16 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
417) Includes 16 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquariums
418) On national criterion..
419) On national criterion.
420) On national criteria, included 2.397.637 visitors from 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquatic gardens.
421) Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 10a and 10b enclose 492 and 117 employees in 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers ). 2.855 full-time and 285 part-time employees (column 10a) and 1.238 full-time and 112 part-time employees (column 10b)
422) On national criteria: included 3 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium.
423) On national criteria, included 7 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium.
424) On national criteria, enclosed 3 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
425) On national criteria. Number refers to museums having organized in 2001 specific activities with scholar public (185) and guided visits (220), enclosed 7 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium.
426) 0n national criteria. 5,4 including 16 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants).
427) 0n national criteria. 2,2 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants).
428) 0n national criteria. 59.466 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium and considering only paid staff (full- and part-time employees) (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants)
429) 0n national criteria. 27.249 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants)
430) 0n national criteria. 25,6 including 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium (population survey 2001: 10.356.117 inhabitants)
431) On national criteria, enclosed 13 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
432) On national criteria, enclosed 6 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
433) On national criteria, enclosed 10 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
434) On national criteria, enclosed 8 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
435) Portugal: 235 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
436) Portugal: 248 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
437) Portugal: 247 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
438) Portugal: Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 7a and 7b includes 493 and 142 employees in 11 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time.. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers and 1 dpecialized part-time worker) 3.292 full-time and 332 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.609 full-time and 98 part-time employees (column 7b).
439) Data concerning FTE for part-time employees are not available. Based on national criteria, data of columns 7a and 7b includes 493 and 142 employees in 11 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium, mostly full-time.. (Only 2 non-specialized part-time workers and 1 dpecialized part-time worker) 3.292 full-time and 332 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.609 full-time and 98 part-time employees (column 7b).
440) Portugal: 269 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
441) The ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same
442) On national criteria, 269 museums are considered
443) Portugal: Data concerning FFE for part-time employers are not available. Based on national criteria (285 museums), data of columns 7a and 7b include 644 and 181 mostly full-time employees in 16 zoological gardens and aquarium (only 4 specialized and 3 non specialized part-part-workers). 3.580 full-time and 319 part-time employees (column 7a) and 1.818 full-time and 97 part-time employees (column 7b).
444) On national criteria: it reports to the museums that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them
445) On national criteria: numbers refers to museums having organized in 2005 these specific activities and not the number of them
446) On national criteria (269 museums), 3.255 paid employees and 10.569.592 inhabitants in 2005
447) On national criteria
448) Portugal: 276 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
449) include 21 zoological, botanic gardens and aquarium
450) Include 21 zoological, botanic gardens and aquarium
451) Portugal 2006: on national criteria, 291 museums are considered. Included 2.558.516 visitors from 15 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquatic gardens.
452) Portugal: includes 637 from 15 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium.
453) Portugal: includes 187 from 15 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium.
454) 291 museums are considered, included 7 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium. It reports to the museums that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
455) Included 15 zoological gardens, botanic gardens and aquarium
456) Population 2006: 10.584.344 inhabitants
457) Included 19 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
458) Included 3 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
459) Included 8 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
460) Included 18 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
461) Included 13 zoological or botanic gardens and aquarium
462) Portugal: 275 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
463) Portugal: some Museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and other Museums have free and paid entrances.
464) Portugal: 605 questionnaires had been sent out. 597 questionnaires had been returned. 592 museums had an activity in 2008. Museums that had answered to the INE
465) Portugal: museums that had answered the INE. Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permantly or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least, one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory
466) Portugal: 321 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
467) Portugal: estimated information from total museums. In Portugal the ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same.
468) Portugal: estimated information from total museums
469) Portugal: In Portugal the ownership and the management of the museum are almost the same.
470) Portugal: The number of visits are from the museums on national criteria.
471) Portugal: The Paid Staff are from the museums on national criteria.
472) Portugal: It reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
473) Portugal: It reports to the museums on national criteria (data collected every 3 years).
474) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education programme.
475) Portugal: only considered the Visits on national criteria Museums.
476) Portugal: On national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff (data collected every 3 years).
477) Portugal: 343 museums on national criteria, fulfilling the following 5 criteria: 1) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician; 4) existence of budget and 5) existence of inventory.
478) Portugal: some Museums have only free entrance and other Museums have free and paid entrances.
479) Portugal: Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: a) existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; b) opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; c) museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician); d) existence of budget and e) existence of inventory.
480) Portugal: Museums that had answered to the INE.
481) Portugal: The paid staff are from the museums on national criteria.
482) Portugal: some museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and payed entrances.
483) Portugal: it reports to the museums (on national criteria) that have organized temporary exhibitions and not the number of them.
484) Portugal: it reports to the museums on national criteria.
485) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria, with at least one special museum education program.
486) Portugal: only considered the visits on national criteria museums.
487) Portugal: on national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialized staff (data collected every 3 years).
488) Portugal: Data presented to museums on national criteria, fulfilled the following 5 criteria: . 1. existence, at least, one exhibition room or space; 2. opening for visitors, permanently or seasonally; 3.museum employing at least 1 specialized employee (existence of, at least one curator or advanced technician); 4. existence of budget and 5. existence of inventory
489) Portugal: The number of visits are from the museum on national criteria.
490) Portugal: some museums (on national criteria) have only free entrance and others have free and paid entrances.
491) Portugal: It reports to the museums on national criteria.
492) Portugal: Number of museums on national criteria with at least one special museum education program.
493) Portugal: on national criteria, the third criteria is that museum employ at least 1 specialised staff.
494) Portugal: data collected every 3 years.
495) Portgal: data collected every 3 years.
496) It represents the total number of exhibitions organized in museums in Romania in 2002. There are no specific data concerning the period of time for which the exhibitions were organized.
497) Romania had a general census on the 18th of March, 2002. The data of this chapter refers to those considered at the 1st of July, 2002. However, the number of museums, visits and staff was by the end of the year. Concerning staff, only the specialized staff was considered.
498) According to the statistics museal collections and museum from Romania, held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC - Institute for Culture Memory
499) Romania: forecast
500) According to the statistics museal collections and museum from Romania, held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC- Institute for Culture Memory
501) include: Art, history, numismatics, archaeology, memorials, rare books, military history
502) include: Science and technology, ethnography
503) include: Local rural collections, Natural Sciences
504) According to the information received from 96 institutions between 2003 – 2006 (16.10.2006)
505) according to the information received from 109 institutions until 2007 (03.03.2008); other source: total number of visits: 5.053.996
506) according to the information received from 109 museums until 2007 (03.03.2008)
507) museums have received for free from cIMeC the software application for recording the cultural movable heritage DOCPAT (Programme financed by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs)
508) Museums that have received the software application for recording the cultural movable heritage DOCPAT (Programme financed by Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs)
509) according to the statistics for collections and museums held by the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs and administrated by cIMeC - Institute for Culture Memory
510) According to the information received from 96 institutions between 2003 – 2006 (16.10.2006)
511) Romania had a general census on the 18th of March, 2002. The data of this chapter refers to those considered at the 1st of July, 2002. However, the number of museums visits and staff was by the end of the year. Concerning staff, only the specialized staff was considered
512) Only the specialized staff is considered
513) according to informations received from 109 institutions between 2003 - 2007 (03.03.2008)
514) From "Romania by figures issued by the National Institute of Statistics", 1 July 2005, population density in 2002
515) Figures issued by the National Institute of Statistics, June 2005
516) Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No 115/1998 Code of Acts
517) The data includes 10 national museums and 38 other museums.
518) The data includes 91 management/administration staff, 278 curators and 162 technicians.
519) This data does not include 582.000.- for individual projects, 409.000.- purchase for museum objects and 15.000.000.- for salary. The estimate budget of 15.000.000.- constitute approx. 15% of the whole budget.
520) In 2006, of the 177 museums, museum collections, exhibition grounds and galleries that transmitted data on their activity 46 were museums (26% of all museums and exhibition organizations), 28 were museum collections (15,8%), 3 were special museums for art heritage (1,7%), 64 were exhibitions grounds and galleries (36,2%) and the rest (20,3%) were other types of museums and exhibition grounds.
521) Spain: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2002-2003, Ministry of Culture
522) 1.343 museums answered the statistical questionnaire (out of approximately 1.489 museums). Conservation institutes and exhibitions galleries on libraries and archives centres are not included
523) Estimation, with no response in 182 museums
524) Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2006 – 2007. Ministry of Culture
525) Spain: Museums that answered the statistical questionnaire. Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on librairies and archives centers are not included.
526) Spain: Museums that answered the statistical questionnaire. Conservation institutes and exhibition galleries on libraries and archives centers are not included.
527) Spain: Estimation
528) Spain: Source: Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices in Spain 2010 - 2011, Ministry of Culture
529) All museums subsidized by the central government are managed by a Board of Trustees.
530) Data from 2000.
531) Change of definition. Now only visitors that go into the exhibitions.
532) Only some of the state-owned museums answer the questions about fees. The rest of the museums do not get the questions.
533) The Netherlands: of which 565 professionally-run museums.
534) The Netherlands: 25 museums are subsidited by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property. 45 museums are dependant on state subsidies for at least 50% of their income.
535) The Netherlands: Municipal and provincial museums. The collections as well as the buildings of these museums are state, municipal or provincial property.
536) The Nertherlands: including a number of provincial museums.
537) The Netherlands: Including all museums subsidized by the central government.
538) The Netherlands: 1.725 temporary exhibitions were organized in the museums themselves; 346 in another venue in The Netherlands; 64 abroard.
539) The Netherlands: including the income from museum card.
540) The Netherlands: This is the total number of museums with or without an own website offering information on the Internet museum portals included.
541) The Netherlands: All museums with own website are connected to a museum portal.
542) The Netherlands: For FTE's of paid staff.
543) Of which 565 professionally-run museums.
544) Approximately 25 museums are subsidized by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property.
545) Municipal and provincial museums. The collections as well as the buildings of these museums are state, municipal or provincial property
546) Including a number of provincial museums.
547) 1.725 temporary exhibitions were organized in the museums themselves; 346 in another venue in The Netherlands; 64 abroad.
548) Including the income from museum card: 4.980.000.-€
549) All 515 museums with own website are connected to a museum portal.
550) For FTE’s of paid staff.
551) 8 biggest museums attract 25% of total visits.
552) 2,24 (adults) / 1,47 (children)
553) The Netherlands: Approximately 25 museums are subsidized by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property.
554) Netherlands: Approximately 25 museums are subsidized by the Ministry of Culture. They are foundations and therefore included in 3c. The collections as well as buildings of these museums are state property.
555) Netherlands: this question is no longer asked because all museums are supposed to use computers, access to internet and websites
556) Zoos are included
557) The answers provided below have been taken from the Digest of Museum Statistics or DOMUS. DOMUS is both a questionnaire and a database which contains data on over 1.700 museums in the Registration Scheme that was run by the Museums & Galleries Commission (NGC). Questionnaires were sent annually to museums within the UK between 1994 and 1999. The museum population, to which the questionnaires were sent, consisted mostly of those museums applying or having applied to join the Registration Scheme. Questions asked ranged from contact details, plans and policies, collections held, opening periods and times, staff numbers, facilities to number of visits. Answers were entered onto the DOMUS database held at the Museums & Galleries Commission. In 2000 MGC was dissolved and Resource “The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries” was created. The database is currently held by Resource. For 2005, the total number of museums is 1.984.
558) Total number of visits to 1.182 responding museums.
559) This figure is the actual number of staff and includes permanent, temporary and freelance staff.
560) The figure for FTE staff is for permanent and temporary staff.
561) The question asked in DOMUS is the charge for entering the core collection. Therefore, figures given as the answers to column 8 are the number of museums asking for an admission fee to the core collection.
562) The figure given is the number for museums that indicated having a temporary exhibition program.
563) There was a considerable amount of data collected on IT in Museums. However, much of the data do not tie-up with the wording of the columns. For more details of the use of computer in museums, contact Resource.
564) This is the number of museums open for more months a year.
565) United Kingdom: The only data concerning year 2005, all the other data concern year 1999
566) United Kingdom: This figure concerns year 2010
567) Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
568) Czech Republic: Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
569) Czech Republic: Estimation
570) Czech Republic: Staff only in state-owned and local- and regional-owned museums
571) Czech Republic: Estimation
572) Czech Republic: density on 1.1.2007
573) Czech Republic: concerns year 2008
574) Including zoos and botanical gardens
575) This data is generated by the statistics of 514 museums who gave us this - not required - data
576) This information is only given by 514 museums. The total of their visits count 25% as free entrances
577) Switzerland: Including zoos and botanical gardens.
578) Switzerland: data generated by 669 museums.
579) Switzerland: data generated by 528 museums.
580) Including zoos and botanical gardens
581) Data generated by 869 museums
582) Republic of Macedonia, State Statistical Office - Museums and museum collections, 2006
583) The number includes the ethnology museums, too. (The statistical report refers only to the type of the museums by the founder).
584) Macedonia: The permanent collections in the museums in Macedonia are 100% state-owned.
585) Macedonia: 2005 Annual Report of the Ministry of Culture
586) Macedonia: Republic of Macedonia: State Statistical Office: Museums and museum collections, 2009
587) Macedonia: The number includes the ethnology museums, too (the statistical report refers only to the type of the museums by the founder).
588) Macedonia: The number of visits in 2009 is nearly 6 times bigger than in 2006 and should be taken with precaution.
589) Macedonia: including the National Cinemateque
590) Estonia: Adult Education Survey 2007
591) Estonia: Time Use Survey 2009 - 2010. Number is for 2 years
592) Estonia: Adult Education Survey 2011
593) Bulgaria: The 2010 annual museum statistics cover 201 professionally-run museums, whose collections are movables cultural values - without museum sites whose collections are with public importance.
594) Bulgaria: Other public museum is understood here as a museum run by a foundation or association.
595) Bulgaria: data concerns 2011